महाराज विश्वनाथ सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maharaj vishvanath sinh 'rivan' ke bade hi vidyarasik aur bhakt naresh tatha prasiddh kavi 'maharaj raghurajasinh' ke pita the. ap snvath 1778 se lekar 1797 tak rivan ki gaddi par rahe. ye jaise bhakt the vaise hi vidyavyasani tatha kaviyon aur vidvanon ke ashrayadata the. kavy rachana men bhi ye siddh hast the.

rachanaen

yah thik hai ki inake nam se prakhyat bahut se grnth doosare kaviyon ke rache hain par inaki rachanaen bhi kam nahin hain. niche inaki banaee pustakon ke nam die jate hain jinase vidit hoga ki kitane vishayon par inhonne likha hai - (1) ashtayam ahnik, (2) anndaraghunndan (natak), (3) uttamakavyaprakash, (4) gitaraghunndan shatika, (5) ramayan, (6) gita raghunndan pramanik, (7) sarvasngrah, (8) kabir bijak ki tika, (9) vinayapatrika ki tika, (10) ramachndr ki savari, (11) bhajan, (12) padarth, (13) dhanurvidya, (14) annd ramayan, (15) paradharm nirnay, (16) shantishatak, (17) vedant pnchakashatika, (18) gitavali poorvardhd, (19) dhahruvashtak, (20) uttam nitichndrika, (21) abodhaniti, (22) pakhnd khndika, (23) adimngal, (24) basnt chauntisi, (25) chaurasi ramaini, (26) kakahara, (27) shabd, (28) vishvabhojanaprasad, (29) dhyan mnjari, (30) vishvanath prakash, (31) paramatatv, (32) sngit raghunndan ityadi.

ramopasak

yadyapi ye ramopasak the, par kulaparnpara ke anusar nirgunasnt mat ki bani ka bhi adar karate the. kabiradas ke shishy dharmadas ka bandhav naresh ke yahan jakar upadesh sunana parnpara se prasiddh hai. 'kakahara', 'shabd', 'ramaini' adi usi prabhav ke dyotak hain. par inaki sahityik rachana pradhanat: 'ramacharit' snbndhi hai. 'kabir bijak ki tika' inhonne nirgun brahm ke sthan par sagun ram par ghataee hai. brajabhasha men natak pahale pahal inhonne likha. is drishti se inaka 'anndaraghunndan natak' vishesh mahatv ki vastu hai. bharatendu harishchndr ne ise hindi ka pratham natak mana hai. yadyapi isamen padyon ki prachurata hai, par snvad sab brajabhasha gady men hai, ankavidhan aur patravidhan bhi hai. hindi ke pratham natakakar ke roop men ye chirasmaraniy hain.

bhasha

inaki kavita adhikatar ya to varnanatmak hai athava upadeshatmak. bhasha spasht aur parimarjit hai. -

bhain bhrityan vishnu so raiyat, bhanu so satrun kal so bhavai.
satru bali son bache kari buddhi au astra son dharm ki riti chalavai
jitan ko karai kete upay au diragh drishti sabai phal pavai.
bhakhat hai bisunath dhahruvai nrip so kabahoon nahin raj gnvavai

baji gaj sor rath sutoor katar jete,
pyade aindavare je sabih saradar ke.
kunvar chhabile je rasile rajabns vare,
soor aniyare ati pyare sarakar ke
kete jativare, kete kete desavare,
jiv svan sinh adi sailavare je sikar ke.
dnka ki dhukar hvai savar sabain ek bar,
rajain var par kar koshalakumar ke

uthau kunvar dou pran piyare.
himaritu prat pay sab mitige nabhasar pasare puhakar tare
jagavan mahn nikasyo harashit hiy bicharan het divas maniyaro.
vishvanath yah kautuk nirakhahu ravimani dasahu disin ujiyaro

kari jo kar men kayalas liyo kasike ab nak sikoratahai.
di talan bis bhuja jhaharay jhuko dhanu ko jhakajhorat hai
til ek halai n halai puhumi risi pisi ke dantan torat hai.
man men yah thik bhayo hamare mad kako mahes n morat hai


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh


achary, ramachndr shukl “prakaran 3”, hindi sahity ka itihas (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: kamal prakashan, nee dilli, prishth sn. 238-39.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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