गुमान मिश्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

guman mishr mahoba ke rahanevale 'gopalamani' ke putr the. inake tin bhaee aur the -

  1. dipasahi,
  2. khuman aur
  3. aman.

guman ne pihani ke raja akabarali khan ke ashray men snvath 1800 men shriharsh krit 'naishadhakavy' ka padyanuvad nana chhndon men kiya. yahi grnth inaka prasiddh hai aur prakashit bhi ho chuka hai. isake atirikt khoj men inake do grnth aur mile hain - 'krishnachndrika' aur 'chhndatavi' (pingal). krishnachndrika ka nirmanakal snvath 1838 hai. at: inaka kavitakal snvath 1800 se 1840 tak mana ja sakata hai. in tinon grnthon ke atirikt ras, nayika bhed, alnkar adi kee aur grnth sune jate hain.

kavyasaushthav

yahan keval inake 'naishadha' ke snbndh men hi kuchh kaha ja sakata hai. is grnth men inhonne bahut se chhndon ka prayog kiya hai aur bahut jaldi jaldi chhnd badale hain. indravajra, vnshasth, mndakranta, shardoolavikridit adi kathin varnavritton se lekar doha chaupaee tak maujood hain. grntharnbh men akabarali khan ki prashnsa men jo bahut se kavitt inhonne kahe hain, unase inaki chamatkarapriyata spasht prakat hoti hai. unamen parisnkhya alnkar ki bharamar hai.

bhasha

guman ji achchhe sahityamarmgy aur kavyakushal the, isamen koee sndeh nahin. bhasha par bhi inaka poora adhikar tha. jin shlokon ke bhav jatil nahin hain unaka anuvad bahut hi saras aur sundar hai. vah svatntr rachana ke roop men pratit hota hai par jahan kuchh jatilata hai vahan ki vakyavali ulajhi huee aur arth aspasht hai. bina mool shlok samane ae aise sthanon ka spasht arth nikalana kathin hi hai. at: sari pustak ke snbndh men yahi kahana chahie ki anuvad men vaisi saphalata nahin huee hai. snskrit ke bhavon ke samyakh avataran men yah asaphalata guman hi ke sir nahin madhi ja sakati. ritikal ke jin jin kaviyon ne snskrit se anuvad karane ka prayatn kiya hai unamen bahut se asaphal hue hain. aisa jan padata hai ki is kal men jis madhur roop men brajabhasha ka vikas hua vah saral vynjana ke to bahut hi anukool hua par jatil bhavon aur vicharon ke prakash men vaisa samarth nahin hua. kulapati mishr ne 'rasarahasy' men 'kavyaprakash' ka jo anuvad kiya hai usamen bhi jagah jagah isi prakar aspashtata hai.

uttam kavi

guman ji uttam shreni ke kavi the, isamen sndeh nahin. jahan ve jatil bhav bharane ki ulajhan men nahin pade hain vahan ki rachana atynt manoharini huee hai -

durjan ki hani, biradhapanoee karai pir,
gun lop hot ek motin ke har hi.
toote manimalai niragun gayatal likhai,
pothin hi ank, man kalah vicharahi
snkar baran pasu pachchhin men paiyat,
alak hi parai ansabhng niradhar hi.
chir chir rajau raj ali akabar, suraraj
ke samaj jake raj par barahi

diggaj dabat dabakat digapal bhoori,
dhoori ki dhundhori son andheri abha bhan ki.
dham au dhara ko, mal bal abala ko ari,
tajat paran rah chahat paran ki
saiyad samarth bhoop ali akabar dal,
chalat bajay maroo dundubhi dhukan ki.
phir phir phanani phanis ulatatu aise,
choli kholi dholi jyon tamoli pake panaki

nhati jahan sunayana nit bavalimen,
chhoote urojatal kunkum nir hi men.
shrikhnd chitr drig anjan sng sajai,
manau tribeni nit hi ghar hi birajai

hatak hns chalyo udikai nabh men duguni tan jyoti bhee.
lik si khainchi gayo chhan men chhaharay rahi chhabi sonamee.
nainan son nirakhyo n banayakai kai upama man mahin lee.
syamal chir manau pasarayo tehi pai kal knchan beli nee


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh


achary, ramachndr shukl “prakaran 3”, hindi sahity ka itihas (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: kamal prakashan, nee dilli, prishth sn. 247-48.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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