त्यागराज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tyagaraj
tyagaraj
poora nam tyagaraj
janm 4 mee, 1767
janm bhoomi tnjavur, tamilanadu
mrityu 6 janavari, 1847
abhibhavak 'ramabrahmam' tatha 'sitamma'
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr bhakti sahity
mukhy rachanaen 'nidhi chal sukham', 'prahlad bhakti vijay', 'nauka charitam', 'pncharatn', 'divyanam kirtanam' adi.
prasiddhi sngitgy tatha kavi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari tyagaraj ne muttusvami dikshit aur shyamashastri ke sath karnatak sngit ko nayi disha di. unake yogadan ko dekhate hue hi unhen 'trimoorti' ki sngya se vibhooshit kiya gaya hai.

tyagaraj (angrezi: Tyagaraja ; janm- 4 mee, 1767, tnjavur, tamilanadu; mrityu- 6 janavari, 1847) prasiddh sngitgy the. ve 'karnatak sngit' ke mahanh gyata tatha bhaktimarg ke kavi the. inhonne bhagavan shriram ko samarpit bhakti giton ki rachana ki thi. unake sarvashreshth git aksar dharmik ayojanon men gae jate hain. tyagaraj ne samaj evn sahity ke sath-sath kala ko bhi samriddh kiya tha. unaki vidvata unaki har kriti men jhalakati hai, halanki 'pncharatn' kriti ko unaki sarvashreshth rachana kaha jata hai. tyagaraj ke jivan ka koee bhi pal shriram se juda nahin tha. vah apani kritiyon men bhagavan ram ko mitr, malik, pita aur sahayak batate the.

janm tatha parichay

prasiddh sngitgy tyagaraj ka janm 4 mee, 1767 ee. men tamilanadu ke tnjavur zile men tiroovaroor namak sthan par hua tha. unaki man ka nam 'sitamma' aur pita ka nam 'ramabrahmam' tha. tyagaraj ne apani ek kriti men bataya hai ki- "sitamma mayamma shri ramudu ma tndri" arthath "sita meri man aur shri ram mere pita hain". isake jarie shayad vah do baten kahana chahate the. ek or vastavik mata-pita ke bare me batate hain doosari or prabhu ram ke prati apani astha pradarshit karate hain. tyagaraj ek achchhe susnskrit parivar men paida hue the. ve prakand vidvanh aur kavi the. vah snskrit, jyotish tatha apani matribhasha telugu gyani purush the.

sngit se lagav

sngit ke prati tyagaraj ka lagav bachapan se hi tha. kam umr men hi vah venkataramanaiya ke shishy ban ge the aur kishoravastha men hi unhonne pahale git "namo namo raghav" ki rachana ki thi. dakshin bharatiy shastriy sngit ke vikas men prabhavi yogadan karane vale tyagaraj ki rachanaen aj bhi kafi lokapriy hain. dharmik ayojanon tatha tyagaraj ke samman men ayojit karyakramon men inaka khoob gayan hota hai. tyagaraj ne muttusvami dikshit aur shyamashastri ke sath karnatak sngit ko nayi disha di. unake yogadan ko dekhate hue hi unhen 'trimoorti' ki sngya se vibhooshit kiya gaya hai.

dakshin bharat ki yatra

tnjavur naresh tyagaraj ki pratibha se bahut prabhavit the. unhonne tyagaraj ko darabar men shamil hone ke lie amntrit bhi kiya tha. lekin prabhu ki upasana men doobe tyagaraj ne unake akarshak prastav ko asvikar kar diya. unhonne raja ke prastav ko asvikar kar prasiddh kriti "nidhi chal sukham" yani 'kya dhan se sukh ki prapti ho sakati hai' ki rachana ki thi. aisa bhi kaha jata hai ki tyagaraj ke bhaee ne shriram ki vah moorti, jisaki pooja-archana adi tyagaraj kiya karate the, pas hi kaveri nadi men phenk di thi. tyagaraj apane isht se alagav ko bardasht nahin kar sake aur ghar se nikal pade. is kram men unhonne dakshin bharat ke lagabhag sabhi pramukh mndiron ki yatra ki aur un mndiron ke devataon ki stuti men git banae.

kritiyan

tyagaraj ne qarib 600 kritiyon ki rachana karane ke alava telugu men do natak 'prahlad bhakti vijay' aur 'nauka charitam' bhi likhe. 'prahlad bhakti vijay' jahan panch drishyon men 45 kritiyon ka natak hai, vahin 'nauka charitam' ekanki hai aur isamen 21 kritiyan hain. tyagaraj ki vidvata unaki har kriti men jhalakati hai. halanki 'pncharatn' kriti ko unaki sarvashreshth rachana kaha jata hai. sainkadon giton ke alava unhonne utsav snpraday 'kirtanam' aur 'divyanam kirtanam' ki bhi rachanaen kin. unhonne snskrit men bhi giton ki rachana ki. halanki unake adhikatar git telugu men hain.

samadhi

jo kuchh bhi tyagaraj ne racha hai, vah sab kuchh apane sarvashreshth roop men hai. usamen pravah bhi aisa hai, jo sngit premiyon ko apani or khinch leta hai. adhyatmik roop se tyagaraj un logon men the, jinhonne bhakti ke samane kisi bat ki paravah nahin ki. vah apani kritiyon men shriram ko mitr, malik, pita aur sahayak batate the. 6 janavari, 1847 ko tyagaraj ne samadhi le li.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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