कर्नाटक संगीत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

karnatak sngit (snskrit karnatak sangitn) shastriy sngit ki dakshin bharatiy shaili, jo uttari bharat ki hindustani sngit shaili se kafi bhinn hai. yah sngit adhikanshat: bhakti sngit ke roop men hota hai aur adhikatar rachanaen hindoo devi-devataon ko snbodhit hoti hain. isake atirikt karnatak sngit ka kuchh hissa prem aur any samajik muddon ko bhi samarpit hota hai. jaisa ki amataur par bharatiy sngit men hota hai. karnatak sngit ke bhi do mukhy tatv 'rag' aur 'tal' hote hain.

  • yah sngit dakshin bharat (amataur par andhr pradesh rajy ke shahar haidarabad ke dakshin men) ka sngit hai. yah prachin hindoo parnpara se vikasit hua aur arabi evn islami prabhav se apekshakrit aprabhavit raha.[1]
  • uttar bharat men islami vijay ke karan is sngit ne 12vin sadi ke ant evn 13vin sadi ke shuroo se uttar bharat ke hindustani sngit ko kuchh vishishtataen din.
  • uttari shaili ke viparit karnatak sngit zyada svaronmukhi hai. jab keval vady hi baj rahe hote hain, unhen svar sngit ki visheshataen dete hue knth-gayan ke samakaksh utar-chadhav aur vistar ke sath kuchh-kuchh gayaki ki tarah bajaya jata hai.
  • karnatak sngit men uttar bharatiy sngit ki tulana men kam vady prayukt kie jate hain aur koee nishchit vady nahin hote.
  • 'rag' aur 'tal' ke mool siddhant dakshin aur uttar men ek hi hain, lekin pratyek sngit parnpara men vastavik ragon evn talon ka apana bhndar hai aur unaki shailiyon men bhi kee bhinnataen hain.
  • apani adhik samangi bharatiy parnpara ke sath karnatak sngit ne ragon aur talon ki kahin zyada vyavasthit v samaroopiy paddhatiyan vikasit ki hain.
  • apekshakrit bahurngi hindustani sngit parnparaon ki tulana men kee shrotaon ko dakshin ke sngit ki prakriti snyat aur bauddhik jan padati hai. aj karnatak sngit ke pramukh kendron men tamilanadu, karnatak (bhootapoorv maisoor), andhr pradesh aur keral ate hain.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharat gyanakosh, khand-1 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 318 |

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