सुदामा पांडेय 'धूमिल'  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sudama pandey 'dhoomil'
sudama pandey dhoomil
poora nam sudama pandey 'dhoomil'
any nam dhoomil
janm 9 navnbar, 1936
janm bhoomi varanasi, uttar pradesh
mrityu 10 faravari, 1975
mrityu sthan lakhanoo, uttar pradesh
abhibhavak shivanayak pande aur rajavnti devi
pati/patni moorat devi
mukhy rachanaen snsad se sadak tak, kal sunana mujhe, dhoomil ki kavitaen, kissa janatntr, mochiram adi
bhasha hindi
shiksha dasavin tak atynt medhavi chhatr ke roop men. aee. ti. aee. varanasi se vidyut diploma prapt kar ke isi snsthan men vidyut anudeshak ke roop men kary kiya.
puraskar-upadhi sahity akadami puraskar hindi (1979)
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari dhoomil ka rahan-sahan itana sadharan tha ki bren tyoomar ke shikar hokar jab ve achanak maut se hare to unake parijanon tak ne rediyo par unake nidhan ki khabar sunane ke bad hi jana ki ve kitane bade kavi the.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

sudama pandey dhoomil (angrezi:Sudama Panday Dhoomil, janm: 9 navnbar, 1936 - mrityu: 10 faravari, 1975) hindi ke samakalin kavi the. unaki kavitaon men azadi ke sapanon ke mohabhng ki pida aur akrosh ki sabase sashakt abhivyakti milati hai. vyavastha jisane janata ko chhala hai, usako aina dikhana mano dhoomil ki kavitaon ka param lakshy hai. inhen maranoparant 1979 men sahity akadami puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.

jivan parichay

sudama pandey 'dhoomil' ka janm 9 navnbar 1936 ko varanasi ke nikat ganv khevali men hua tha. unake poorvaj kahin door se khevali men a base the. dhoomil ke pita shivanayak pande ek munim the v inaki mata rajavnti devi ghar-bar snbhalati thi. jab dhoomil gyarah varsh ke the to inake pita ka dehant ho gaya. apaka bachapan sngharshamay raha. dhoomil ka vivah 12 varsh ki ayu men moorat devi se hua. 1953 men jab apane haeeskool uttirn kiya to ap ganv ke pahale aise vyakti the jisane maitrik pas ki thi. arthik dabavon ke rahate ve apani padhaee jari n rakh sake. svadhyay v pustakalay donon ke bal par unaka bauddhik vikas hota raha.

karyakshetr

rojagar ki talash 'dhoomil' ko kalakatta le aee. kahin dhng ka kam n mila to loha dhone ka kam kaya v majadooron ki zindagi ko karib se jana. is kam ki janakari unake sahapathi mitr tarakanath pande ko mili to unhonne apani janakari men unhen ek lakadi ki kampani maisars talavar bradarz pra. li. men naukari dilava di. vahan ve lagabhag dedh varsh tak ek adhikari ke taur par karyarat rahe. isi bich asvasth hone par svasthy-labh hetu ghar laut ae. bimari ke dauran malik ne unhen motihari se gauhati chale jane ko kaha. 'dhoomil' ne apane asvasth hone ka havale dete hue inakar kar diya. malik ka ghamnd bol utha, "aee eem peing phaaur maee vark, naaut phaaur yor helth!"

'dhoomil' ke svabhiman par chot lagi to malik ko khari-khari suna di,"bat aee aim varking phaaur maee helth, naaut vor yor vark."

phir kya tha sadhe char sau ki naukari, prati ghan phut milane vala kamishan v ti. e, di. e....'dhoomil' ne sabako lat laga di. isi ghatana se 'dhoomil' poonjipatiyon aur mazadooron ke drishtikon v fasale ko samajhe. ab unaka janavadi sngharsh unaki kavita men akrosh ban prakat hone vala tha. dhoomil ko hindi kavita ke sngharsh ka kavi kaha jata hai. 1957 men 'dhoomil' ne kashi vishvavidyalay ke audyogik snsthan men pravesh liya. 1958 men pratham shreni se pratham sthan lekar 'vidyut ka diploma' liya. vahin vidyut-anudeshak ke pad par niyukt ho ge. phir yahi naukari v padonnati pakar ve baliya, banaras v saharanapur men karyarat rahe. 1974 men jab ve sitapur men karyarat the to ve asvasth ho gaye. apani spashtavadita v akhadapan ke karan unhen adhikariyon ka kopabhajan hona pada. uchchadhikari apana dabav banae rakhane ke karan unhen kisi n kisi dhng se utpidit karate rahate the. yahi dabav 'dhoomil' ke manasik tanav ka karan ban gaya. aktoobar 1974 ko asahaniy sir dard ke karan 'dhoomil' ko kashi vishvavidyalay ke medikal kaaulej men bharti karavaya gaya. daauktaron ne unhen bren tyoomar bataya. navnbar 1974 ko unhen lakhanoo ke 'king jarj medikal kaaulej men bharti karavaya gaya. yahan unake mastishk ka aaupareshan hua lekin usake bad ve 'kaauma' men chale ge aur behoshi ki is avastha men hi 10 faravari 1975 ko ve kal ke bhajak ban ge.[1]

bhasha evn shaili

dhoomil ki bhasha ka snbodhanatmak prayog bhi unhen tamam samakalin mulammedar v pandity-pradarshan-priy kaviyon se alag v ek vishisht pahachan deta hai. unaki kavita naye vimb vidhan v naye sndarbho men janata ke sngharsh ke svar men svar milati hai. is drishti se unaki kavyabhasha samajik snrachana ke auchity ko chunauti deti hai. unake kavy binb apane paravarti kaviyon se prithak hain. ve apani prakriti aur prastuti men adbhut hain- dhoop man ki god si garm thi. kahakar kavi man ki mahima ko sir mathe svikarata hai. chhndavidhan ki drishti se unaki lagabhag sabhi kavitaen gadyatmak lay ki or jhuki huee hain. kavita ki ekarasata aur lnbaee todane ke uddeshy se ve pnktiyon ko chhota-bada karate hain aur tukon dvara talamel evn lay sthapit karate hain. hindi kavita ko ne tevar dene vale is janakavi ka yogadan chirasmaraniy hai aur rahega.

kritiyan

dhoomil ke char kavy-sngrah prakashit ho chuke hain jinamen sammilit hain-

  • snsad se sadak tak (isaka prakashan svayn 'dhoomil' ne kiya tha)
  • kal sunana mujhe (snpadan - rajashekhar)
  • dhoomil ki kavitaen (snpadan - daau. shukadev)
  • sudama pande ka prajatntr (snpadan - ratnashnkar. ratnashnkar 'dhoomil' ke putr hain.)

uparokt kriti 'snsad se sadak tak' ka prakashan svayn 'dhoomil ne kiya tha v shesh ka prakashan maranoparant vibhinn prakashakon dvara kiya gaya.[1]

hindi kavita ke engri yngamain

dhoomil ka rahan-sahan itana sadharan tha ki bren tyoomar ke shikar hokar 10 pharavari, 1975 ko ve achanak maut se hare to unake parijanon tak ne rediyo par unake nidhan ki khabar sunane ke bad hi jana ki ve kitane bade kavi the. banaras ke manikarnika ghat par unaki antyeshti ke samay sirph kunvar narayan aur shrilal shukl pahunche the. apane atmakathyon men ve apani jis mrityu ko anishchit lekin din men saikadon bar snbhav batate the, vah us din ayi hi kuchh aise dabe panv thi. varishth kathakar kashinath sinh batate hain ki aupacharik uchch shiksha se maharoom dhoomil bad men kavita sikhane v samajhane ki bechaini se aise ‘pidit’ hue ki jivan bhar vidyarthi bane rahe. unhonne apane padosi nagannd aur kee shabdakoshon ki madad se angrezi bhi sikhi, taki usaki kavitaen bhi padh v samajh saken. alabatta, vidhivat adhyayan ki kami ko unhonne is roop men jivan bhar jhela ki vamapnthi hone ke bavajood n striyon ko lekar mardavadi soch se mukt ho paye aur n ganvon v shaharon ke bich pakshadharata ke chunav men samyak vargiy drishti apana paye. ashok vajapeyi ka sngrah ‘shahar ab bhi snbhavana hai’ aya to unhonne yah kahakar usaki alochana ki ki shahar to ek phrnt hai, vah snbhavana kaise ho sakata hai? lekin isaka ek labh bhi hua. ‘anaupacharik janakariyon’ ne unaka bani-banaee vam dharanaon ki kaid se nikalana asan kiye rakha aur ve sachche arthon men kisan jivan ke duahkhon v sngharshon ke pravakta aur samnti snskaron se ladane vale lokatntr ke yoddha kavi banakar nikhar sake.

khaye-piye aur aghaye logon ki ‘krantikari’ bauddhik jugaliyon men gahara avishvas vyakt karane men unhonne ‘samanyikaran’ aur ‘dishahin andhe gusse ki pairokari’ jaise gnbhir arop bhi jhele lekin poochhate rahe ki ‘mushkilon v sngharshon se asng’ log krantikari kaise ho sakate hain? unaka vishvas tha ki ‘chnd tuchchi suvidhaon ke lalachi/aparadhiyon ke snyukt parivar’ ke log ek din khatm ho jayenge aur isi vishvas ke bal se unhonne ‘arajak’ hona kubool karake bhi nishtha ka tuk vishtha se nahin bhidaya. kavitaon men varjit pradeshon ki khoj karane aur chhaliya vyavastha dvara poshit har parampara, sabhyata, suruchi, shalinata aur bhadrata ki aisi-taisi karane ko akramak dhoomil ne apana chhayavadi arthadhvani vala upanam kyon rakha, isaki bhi ek dilachasp antarkatha hai. dhoomil ne apani chhoti-si umr men hi hindi alochana ka parnpara se kahaniyon ki or chala a raha munh ghumakar kavitaon ki or kar lene men saphalata pa li thi. yah aur bat hai ki unaki pahali prakashit rachana ek kahani hi thi, jo apane samay ki bahucharchit patrika ‘kalpana’ men chhapi thi. ve banaras men sahityakaron ke svabhiman ke pratik mane jate the aur jisamen bhi ochhapan dekhate usake khilaph ho jate. kuchh log arop lagate hain ki ve namavar sinh ke lathait ki tarah kam karate the. isamen kam se kam itana sahi hai ki ve namavar ke khilaph kuchh bhi sunana pasnd nahin karate the. lekin unake svabhav ke maddenajar isase bhi jyada sachchi bat yah hai ki jis bhi pal unhen lagata ki namavar unhen istemal kar rahe hain, ve unhen chhod dete.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 sudama pandey dhoomil (hindi) bharat darshan. abhigaman tithi: 11 faravari, 2018.

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