राय कृष्णदास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ray krishnadas
Rai Krishnadas.jpg
poora nam ray krishnadas
any nam snehi
janm 13 navnbar, 1892
janm bhoomi varanasi, bharat
mrityu 1985
mrityu sthan bharat
karm bhoomi varanasi
karm-kshetr lekhak, gady gitakar, kahanikar
mukhy rachanaen 'sadhana' 1919 ee., 'anakhya' 1929 ee., 'sudhanshu' 1929 ee., 'praval'
puraskar-upadhi padmavibhooshan
prasiddhi kahanikar aur gadyagit lekhak
vishesh yogadan hindi men vishesh abhiruchi aur vishleshan ke sath ray krishnadas ki pustakon ne hindi sahity ko sarvangapoorn banane men sahayata di hai.
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh jayashnkar prasad, ramachandr shukl, maithilisharan gupt
any janakari ray krishnadas ki chitrakala, moortikala evn puratattv men vishesh ruchi thi. ye 'lalit kala akadami' ke sadasy the. 'ray' ki upadhi inaki anuvnshik thi, jo mugal darabar se mili thi.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

ray krishnadas (janm- 13 navnbar, 1892, varanasi, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 1985) kahani samrat premachand ke samakalin kahanikar aur gady git lekhak the. inhonne 'bharat kala bhavan' ki sthapana ki thi, jise varsh 1950 men 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' ko de diya gaya. aj 'bharat kala bhavan' shodharthiyon ke lie kisi tirth sthal se kam nahin hai. ray krishnadas ko 'sahity vachaspati puraskar' tatha 'bharat sarakar' dvara 'padm vibhooshan' ki upadhi mili thi.

jivan parichay

ray krishnadas ka upanam 'snehi' tha. inaka janm san 1892 ee. ko varanasi men hua tha. bachapan men hi pita ka svargavas ho jane ke karan inaki aupacharik shiksha ka kram toot gaya. unhonne ghar par hi hindi, snskrit, angrezi aur bngala bhasha ka adhyayan kiya. varanasi ke tatkalin sahityik vatavaran aur jayashnkar prasad, ramachandr shukl, maithilisharan gupt adi ke sampark men ane ke bad unamen sahityik ruchi ka vikas hua.

sahityik parichay

ray sahab ne kavita, nibandh, gadyagit, kahani, kala, itihas adi sabhi vishayon par granthon ki rachana ki. unaka bahut bada yogadan chitrakala aur moortikala ke kshetr men hai. unaki likhit ‘bharat ki chitrakala’ aur ‘bharatiy moortikala’ apane vishay ke maulik granth hain. unhonne apane niji vyay se ek uchchakoti ke kala bhavan ka nirman kiya. yah chitrakala aur moortikala adi ka apane dhng ka ek vishal sngrahalay hai. ab yah 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' ka ek vibhag hai aur prachin bharatiy kala-snskrit ke adhyayan ka pramukh kendr hai.

'ray' ki upadhi

ray krishnadas ki chitrakala, moortikala evn puratattv men vishesh ruchi thi. ye 'lalit kala akadami' ke sadasy the. ap raja patanimal ke vnshaj the. 'ray' ki upadhi inaki anuvnshik thi, jo mugal darabar se mili thi. ray krishnadas banaras ke many parivar ke hain. jayashnkar prasad ke ghanishth mitron men se ye ek the. ray krishnadas 'bharati bhandar' (sahity prakashan snsthan) aur 'bharatiy kala bhavan' ke snsthapak the.

bhavuk lekhak

ray krishnadas ki kahaniyon men bharatiy jivan ke samajik vyngy evn sarasata donon saman roop se vartaman hain. bhavuk lekhak hone ke nate shilp ke kathy aur kalatmak rachana ki apeksha adarsh aur yatharth ke sngharsh ki achchhi jhankiyan vartaman hain. inaki bhasha prajnl aur anubhooti nitant ragatmak, drishti moolat: adarshavadi hai. isilie gady giton men bhavukata inaki shaili ki ek sajiv evn sapran pratik ban gayi hai. chhayavadi ragatmakata inake gady giton ki jan hai. manaviy bhavanaon ko bhavuk evn komal paksh inaki rachanaon men vishesh roop se chitrit hua hai. gady gitakaron men makhanalal chaturvedi aur ravi ke sath yadi kisi ka bhi nam liya ja sakata hai, to vah hain- ray krishnadas.

kala premi

in sahityik ruchiyon ke atirikt shodhaparak karyon ke lie mool rachanaon ki pramanik hast pratiyan prapt karana, naye lekhakon ki mool pandulipiyon ka sngrah karana, prachin chitr aur moortiyon ko snchit karana, purani vibhinn bharatiy shailiyon ke chitron ko sngrahit karana ray sahab ki vishesh ruchi hai.

  • 'bharat ki chitrakala' (1939 ee.),
  • 'bharatiy moortikala' (1939 ee.)

yah inake maulik granthon men se hain. ray krishnadas ke is adhyayan aur yojana ke karan aj 'bharatiy kala bhavan' ka ek aitihasik mahattv hai. shayad yahi karan hai ki idhar ray sahab sahityik rachanaon ki apeksha bharatiy chitron aur moortiyon ko pahachanane, kal nirdharit karane men adhik samay dene lage the.

rachanaen

ray krishnadas ki mahattvapoorn rachanaon men se 'sadhana' kahani sngrah (1919 ee.), 'anakhya' (1929 ee.), 'sudhanshu' (1929 ee.) mukhy hain. 'praval' gady giton ka sngrah hai, jo 1929 ee. men prakashit hua. bharatiy chitrakala aur moortikala par vaise to pashchaty vidvanon ne bahut kuchh likha hai, kintu hindi men vishesh abhiruchi aur vishleshan ke sath ray krishnadas ki pustakon ne hindi sahity ko sarvangapoorn banane men sahayata di hai.

puraskar

ray krishnadas ko bharat sarakar ne padmavibhooshan se sammanit kiya tha.

mrityu

ray krishnadas ji ki mrityu sanh 1985 ee. men huee thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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