सैम मानेकशॉ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

saim manekashaau
saim manekashaau
poora nam saim hormoosaji fremaji jamashedaji manekashaau
any nam saim bahadur
janm 3 aprail, 1914
janm bhoomi amritasar, pnjab
mrityu 27 joon, 2008
mrityu sthan velingatan, tamilanadu
pati/patni sillo bode
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr bharatiy sainy seva
puraskar-upadhi padm bhooshan, padm vibhooshan, bharat ke pahale fild marshal
vishesh yogadan bharatiy sena ke adhyaksh the jinake netritv men bharat ne sanh 1971 men hue bharat-pakistan yuddh men vijay prapt kiya tha jisake parinamasvaroop bangladesh ka janm hua.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari apane 40 sal ke sainik jivan men unhonne doosare vishv yuddh ke alava chin aur pakistan ke sath hue tinon yuddhon men bhi bhag liya tha.

saim manekashaau (angrezi:Sam Manekshaw) poora nam 'saim hormoosaji fremaji jamashedaji manekashaau' (janm: 3 aprail 1914 - mrityu: 27 joon 2008) bharatiy sena ke adhyaksh the jinake netritv men bharat ne sanh 1971 men hue bharat-pakistan yuddh men vijay prapt kiya tha jisake parinamasvaroop bangladesh ka janm hua tha. adamy sahas aur yuddhakaushal ke lie mashahoor, bharatiy sena ke itihas men svarnim dastakhat karane vale sabase jyada charchit aur kushal sainik kamandar padm bhooshan, padm vibhooshan saim manekashaau bharat ke pahale 'fild marshal' the. apane 40 sal ke sainik jivan men unhonne doosare vishv yuddh ke alava chin aur pakistan ke sath hue tinon yuddhon men bhi bhag liya tha. unake dost unhen pyar se 'saim bahadur' kahakar bulate the.

jivan parichay

saim manekashaau ka janm 3 aprail 1914 ko amritasar men ek parasi parivar men hua tha. unaka parivar gujarat ke shahar valasad se pnjab a gaya tha. manekashaau ne prarnbhik shiksha amritasar men ki aur bad men ve nainital ke sheravud kaaulej men dakhil ho ge. ve deharadoon ke indiyan militri ekedami ke pahale baich ke lie chune ge 40 chhatron men se ek the. vahan se ve kamishan prapti ke bad bharatiy sena men bharti hue. 1937 men ek sarvajanik samaroh ke lie lahaur ge saim manekashaau ki mulakat sillo bode se huee. do sal ki yah dosti 22 aprail 1939 ko vivah men badal gee. 1969 ko unhen senadhyaksh banaya gaya. 1973 men saim manekashaau ko fild marshal ka samman pradan kiya gaya. saim manekashaau bharat ke pahale fild marshal the. 15 janavari, 1973 men sena pramukh ke pad se sevanivritt hue.[1]

sainik jivan

17vin inphentri divijan men tainat saim manekashaau ne pahali bar dvitiy vishvayudgh men jng ka svad chakha, barma abhiyan ke dauran setang nadi ke tat par japaniyon se loha lete hue saim gambhir rup se ghayal ho ge, pet me kee goliyan lagane par unaka bachana lagabhag namumakin ho gaya tha. unhen gambhir avastha men rngoon ke sainik aspatal men laya gaya, jab ek sarjan ne unaka aaupareshan karane se pahale unase poochha "what happen to you" to unhonne hnsate hue kaha "I was kicked by a bloody mule!" unaki dileri se prabhavit ho sarjan ne kaha "Given your sense of humour, it will be worth saving you!" unake adamy sahas se prabhavit barma morche ke kamanding aphisar mejar janaral di.ti. kaauvan ne unhen jivan-mrityu se sngharsh karate dekh aspatal ke bistar par hi svayn ka militri kras unhen pradan karate hue kaha 'marane ke bad padakon ka koee mol nahin hota.' parntu maut ko chakama dekar, saim manekashaau pahale staph kaaulej kveta, phir janaral slims ki 14vin sena ke 12 phrntiyar raiphal phors men lephtinent banakar barma ke jngalon men ek bar phir japaniyon se do-do hath karane ja pahunche, yahan ve bhishan ladaee men phir se buri tarah ghayal hue, dvitiy vishvayudgh khatm hone ke bad saim ko staauph aphisar banakar japaniyon ke atmasamarpan ke lie indo-chayana bheja gaya jahan unhonne lagabhag 10,000 yudghabndiyon ke punarvas men apana yogadan diya. 1946 men ve pharst gred staauph aauphisar banakar militri apareshns dayarektret men sevarat rahe, vibhajan ke bad 1947-48 ki kashmir ki ladaee men bhi unhonne mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee. taraqqi ki sidhiyan chadhate hue saim ko nagalaind samasya ko sulajhane ke avismaraniy yogadan ke lie 1968 men padm bhooshan se navaja gaya.[2]

sena pramukh

  • 7 joon 1969 ko saim manekashaau ne janaral kumaramngalam ke bad bharat ke 8ven sena pramukh ka pad grahan kiya, unake itane salon ke anubhav ke imtihan ki ghadi tab aee jab hajaron sharanarthiyon ke jatthe poorvi pakistan se bharat ane lage aur yudgh avashynbhavi ho gaya, disambar 1971 men yah ashnka saty sidgh huee, saim manekashaau ke yudgh kaushal ke samane pakistan ki karari har huee tatha bangladesh ka nirman hua. unake deshaprem v desh ke prati nisvarth seva ke chalate unhen 1972 men padm vibhooshan tatha 1 janavari 1973 ko fild marshal ke manad pad se alnkrit kiya gaya.[2]

spashtavadi

har yodgha ke sath kee rochak kisse aur romanchak vakaye jude hote hain aur saim bahadur bhi isake apavad nahin rahe hain. yah kissa to aj bhi yad kiya jata hai ki kaise 1971 ki ladaee ke bad tatkalin pradhanamntri indira gandhi ne unhen poochha ki aisi charcha hai ki ap mera takhta palatane vale hain, saim manekashaau ne apane jindadil andaz men kaha, 'kya apako nahin lagata ki main apaka sahi uttaradhikari sabit ho sakata hoon? kyonki ap hi ki tarah meri bhi nak lnbi hai.' aur phir saim ne kaha, 'lekin main apani nak kisi ke mamale men nahin dalata aur siyasat se mera door-door tak koee vasta nahin aur yahi apeksha main ap se bhi rakhata hoon.'[2]

rashtriy mahanayak

fild marshal saim manekashaau ne bharat ke lie kee mahattvapoorn jngon men nirnayak bhoomika nibhaee thi, unaki sabase badi upalabdhi mani jati hai - 1971 men pakistan ke khilaf jit, jisaka sehara unake sir hi bandha jata hai. tab se 'saim bahadur' ke nam se mashahoor fild marshal manekashaau rashtriy mahanayak ke roop men dekhe jate hain.

dakyoomentri film

saim bahadur par ek dakyoomentri film bhi bani hai- 'in var end pis : d laiph aauph fild marshal saim manekashaau' yah film dada dvara apane pote ko batae ge kisse par adharit hai, jisamen dada yani saim manekashaau apane pote ko bharat ke kuchh yadagar aitihasik palon ke bare men janakari dete hain.[2]

jit ke jajbe ke janak

saim manekashaau

1971 men indira gandhi ke rajanitik netritv men saim manekashaau ne us rashtriy apaman ko dho dala jisamen ek pakistani phauji 10-10 bharatiy phaujiyon ke barabar hota hai. is phitoor ke shikar pakistaniyon ko pahali bar hakikat ka ahasas hua. yahan is ghatana ka zikr prasngik hoga ki indira gandhi disnbar 1970 se qarib ath mahine pahale phauji karravaee chahati thin. manekashaau ne saf mana kar diya tha kyonki nirnayak jit ke lie tab tak bharat ki sashastr senaen taiyar nahin thin. pahali bar bharat ki thal sena, vayusena aur nausena ne samanvit karravaee ki. thal sena dhaka ki or badh rahi thi, to nausena ki misail boton ke hamale se karachi bndaragah dhoo-dhookar jal raha tha. manekashaau ke kushal sainik netritv ka hi yah kamal tha. indira gandhi chahati thin ki ek taraph bangladesh bane aur doosari taraph pashchimi pakistan ko itana tabah kar diya jae ki lnbe samay tak vah sir n utha sake. unaka adesh tha 'smaish pak vaaur mashin.' manekashaau ko bharosa tha ki vah ise kar dikhaenge. yah snbhav nahin ho paya kyonki soviyat sngh ne isake lie mana kar diya tha. phauji sajosaman aur suraksha parishad men vito ke lie soviyat sngh par nirbhar bharat akele pashchimi pakistan ki kamar n tod pata. soviyat sngh ko amerika aur chin ne sndesh diya tha ki bharat ne pashchimi pakistan men sainik karravaee jari rakhi, to ve hastakshep karenge.

indira gandhi ka rajanitik mishan adhoora rah gaya. phir bhi manekashaau ke sainik netritv ne rashtr ko sarvatha naya atmavishvas diya. yad karen, isase pahale kab shatru sainikon ne is tarah bharat ke age ghutane teke the? selyookas ki yoonani sena par chndragupt maury ki nirnayak jit ke bad shatabdiyon ke itihas men doosara udaharan nahin milata. bhavishy men bhi doosari misal shayad nahin milegi, kyonki paramanu hathiyaron ke daur men koee pagal kathamulla hi kashmir hadapane ki koshish karega. ummid ki jae ki pakistan ke paramanu hathiyar madhyayugin kathamullon ki pahunch se hamesha pare rahenge. is tarah manekashaau ne 1971 men ek aisi lain khinch di, jise chhota karana namumakin rahega.[3]

pakistan ka atmasamarpan

fild marshal saim manekashaau vah shakhs the jinhonne 1971 ke yuddh men bharat ko pakistan par aitihasik jit dilaee. yuddh ke dauran bharatiy sena ne pakistani sena ko nako chane chabava die aur isaka shrey kafi had tak fild marshal saim manekashaau ko jata hai. unhonne sena ka utsah badhane ke sath-sath ek majaboot rananiti banaee. manekashaau ki kushal rananiti ki badaulat hi pakistani sena par bahut jald jit hasil huee. is yuddh ka parinam tha pakistani sena ka bina shart atmasamarpan aur bangladesh ka uday. is yuddh men 45 hajar se jyada pakistani sainik aur itane hi pakistani nagarikon ne atmasamarpan kiya tha.[4]

samman aur puraskar

  • nagalaind samasya ko sulajhane ke avismaraniy yogadan ke lie 1968 men padm bhooshan se navaja gaya.
  • deshaprem v desh ke prati nisvarth seva ke chalate unhen 1972 men padm vibhooshan se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • 1 janavari 1973 ko fild marshal ke manad pad se alnkrit kiya gaya.

nidhan

vriddhavastha men unhen phephade snbndhi bimari ho gee thi aur ve koma men chale ge the. unaki mrityu 94 varsh ki avastha men velingatan, tamilanadu ke sainy aspatal ke aeesiyoo men huee. raksha mntralay ki taraph se jari bayan ke mutabik 27 joon 2008 ko rat 12:30 baje unhonne antim sans li.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. fild marshal saim manekashaau nahin rahe (hindi) aeebien khabar. abhigaman tithi: 16 janavari, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 salam ! saim bahadur (hindi) maee vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 16 janavari, 2013.
  3. jit ke jajbe ka janak saim manekashaau (hindi) navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 16 janavari, 2013.
  4. bangla yuddh ke hiro saim manekashaau nahin rahe (hindi) navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 16 janavari, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

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