भारतीय नौसेना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharatiy nausena
bharatiy nausena
vivaran bharatiy nausena, bharatiy sena ka samudrik ang hai jo apane gauravashali itihas ke sath bharatiy sabhyata evn snskriti ki rakshak hai. 55,000 nausainikon se susajjit yah vishv ki panchavi sabase badi nausena bharatiy sima ki suraksha ko pramukhata se nibhate hue vishv ke any pramukh mitr rashtron ke sath sainy abhyas men bhi sammilit hoti hai.
mukhh‍yalay nee dilli
adhikrit shuruat 5 sitnbar 1612
nausainik beda 15 agast 1947 men bharat ko svatntrata milane par bharat ke nausainik bede men purane yuddhapot the, jo keval tatiy gasht ke layaq the.
pahala vimanavahi pot aee.en.es. 'vikrant' bharat ka pahala vimanavahi pot tha. ise 1961 men bharatiy nausena men shamil kiya gaya aur janavari 1997 men sevamukt kar diya gaya.
bharatiy nausena divas yah 1971 ki jng men bharatiy nausena ki pakistani nausena par jit ki yad men 4 disambar ko manaya jata hai.
any janakari svatntrata ke bad se nausena ne ab tak 81 se zyada yuddhapoton aur panadubbiyon ka dizain taiyar kar munbee, kolakata, vishakhapattanam aur gova ke shipayard men nirman kiya.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait

bharatiy nausena (angrezi: Indian Navy) bharatiy sena ka samudrik ang hai jo apane gauravashali itihas ke sath bharatiy sabhyata evn snskriti ki rakshak hai. 55,000 nausainikon se susajjit yah vishv ki panchavi sabase badi nausena bharatiy sima ki suraksha ko pramukhata se nibhate hue vishv ke any pramukh mitr rashtron ke sath sainy abhyas men bhi sammilit hoti hai. adhunik bharatiy nau sena ki ninv 17vin shatabh‍di men rakhi gee thi, jab eesh‍t indiya knpani ne ek samudri sena ke roop men eest indiya kampani ki sh‍thapana ki aur is prakar 1934 men raauyal indiyan nevi ki sh‍thapana huee. bharatiy nau sena ka mukhh‍yalay nee dilli men sthit hai aur yah mukhh‍y nau sena adhikari- edamiral ke niyntran men hota hai. bharatiy nau sena 3 kshetron ki kamandon ke tahat tainat ki gee hai, jisamen se prath‍yek ka niyntran ek phlaig adhikari dvara kiya jata hai.

itihas

bharatiy nausena ki adhikrit shuruat 5 sitnbar 1612 ko huee thi. is din eest indiya knpani ke ladakoo jahajon (yuddhapoton) ka pahala beda soorat ke bndaragah par pahuncha tha. yah beda 'd aaunarebal eest indiya knpaniz marin' kahalata tha. bad men yah 'd baaumbe marin' kahalaya gaya. pahale vishv yuddh ke dauran is nausena ka naya nam 'raauyal indiyan marin' rakha gaya. dvitiy vishv yuddh ate-ate raauyal indiyan nevi men lagabhag ath yuddhapot the. yuddh ke khatm hone tak poton ki snkhya badhakar 100 ho gee thi.

26 janavari 1950 ko bharat ganatntr bana aur is din bharatiy nausena ne apane nam ke samane se raauyal nam ko tyag diya. us samay bharatiy nausena men 32 nau-parivahan pot aur lagabhag 11,000 adhikari aur nausainik the. bharatiy nausena ke pahale kamandar-in-chif, riyal edamiral aee.ti.es. haaul the. pahale bharatiy nausenadhyaksh (si.en.es.) vais edamiral ar.di. katari the, jinhonne 22 apral 1958 ko karyabhar snbhala.

sngathan

nausenadhyaksh ko up-nausenadhyaksh (vaees edamiral ya riyar edamiral) ke darze ke panch mukhy staf adhikariyon ka sahayog milata hai. kul tin nausainik kaman hain.

pratyek kaman ka pramukh ek flaig aaufisar up-nausenadhyaksh (vais edamiral) ke pad vala mukhy adhikari hota hai. bharatiy nausena pradvipiy bharat ke 6,400 kilomitar lnbe samudratat ki suraksha ke lie zimmedar hai. ek svatntr arddh sainik seva, bharatiy tatarakshak (indiyan kost gard) bharatiy nausena bharat ke samudravarti aur any rashtriy hiton ki suraksha men mahattvapoorn yogadan upalabdh karati hai.

nausainik beda

15 agast 1947 men bharat ko svatntrata milane par bharat ke nausainik bede men purane yuddhapot the, jo keval tatiy gasht ke layaq the. aee.en.es. 'vikrant' bharat ka pahala vimanavahi pot tha. ise 1961 men bharatiy nausena men shamil kiya gaya aur janavari 1997 men sevamukt kar diya gaya. do any vidhvns jahaz aee.en.es. 'delhi' aur aee.en.es. 'maisoor' bharatiy nausena ke gaurav hain. aee.en.es. 'virat', jise bharatiy nausena men 1986 men shamil kiya gaya. bharat ka doosara vimanavahi pot ban gaya. halanki apral 1999 se yah pot dvivarshiy navikaran karyakram ke antargat hain. aj bharatiy nausena ke pas ek bede men petrol chalit panadubbiyan, vidhvnsak pot friget jahaz kaaurvet jahaz, prashikshan pot, mahasagariy evn tatiy surng marjak pot (maeenasvipar) aur any kee prakar ke pot hain.

uddayan

bharatiy nausena ki uddayan sevaon ka itihas kochchi men aee.en.es. 'garud' ke shamil hone ke sath ek chhote star par shuroo hua. isake bad koynbatur men jet vimanon ki marammat v rakh-rakhav ke lie aee.en.es 'hns' ko shamil kiya gaya. faravari 1961 men pahale vimanavahi pot aee.en.es 'vikrant' ko nausena ke ek mahattvapoorn ang ke roop men shamil kiya gaya.

bharatiy nausena

mahattvapoorn karyavahiyan

bharatiy nausena ne is kshetr ki jal sima men char badi karyavahiyon men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee hai. sabase pahale 1961 men, jab nausena ne gova ko purtagaliyon se svatntr karane men thal sena ki madad ki. 1971 men jab bharat aur pakistan ke bich yuddh chhida to nausena ne mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee. bharatiy nausena ke poorvi bede ne poorvi pakistan ke charon taraf samudri aur havaee kshetr par apana niyntran kar liya tha. vimanavahi poton se poorvi pakistan ke mahattvapoorn thikanon par havaee hamala kiya gaya aur pakistan jahazon par qabza karake nasht kar diya. nausena ne karachi bndaragah par prakshepastron se hamala kiya gaya. mahattvapoorn bat yah huee ki 1971 ki is poori karyavahi men nasht hone vala ekamatr bharatiy jahaz aee.en.es. 'khukari' tha. 1987 men hua 'aaupareshan pavan' ek any karyavahi hai, jisamen bharatiy nausena ne apani upayogita sabit ki. bharatiy nausena bharatiy shanti sena ko hathiyar, gola-barood aur vahan ke sath shrilnka pahunchane ke lie zimmedar thi. 1988 ke 'aaupareshan kaiktas' men maladiv ke prajatantrik tariqe se chune ge rashtrapati abdul gayoom ko sainik sahayata pahunchane ke lie vayu sena aur thal sena ki madad ki thi. bharatiy nausena dvara bheje ge ek samudravarti tohi viman ne ek vyaparik pot men jate bhade ke sainikon ko chihnit kar liya tha, jo maladiv sarakar ko ukhad phenkane ka prayas kar rahe the. ye vidrohi apane sath kee bndhak bhi rakhe hue the. nausenik jahazon ne is vyaparik jahaz ko bich men hi rokakar bndhakon ko chhuda liya. is karyavahi ne samudr men atnkavad ko rokane men bharatiy nausena ki kshamata ko sabit kar diya.

any gatividhiyan

d indiyan marin speshal fors (aee.em.es.ef.), jo bharatiy nausena ka apekshakrit naya vibhag hai, shrilnka men bharatiy shanti sena ki karyavahi ke dauran jafana bndaragah par hamale men shamil huee thi. isaka shrinagar ke as-pas jhilon par gasht karane men upayog kiya jata hai. karagil ke 'aaupareshan vijay' ke dauran bharatiy nausena ne prakshepastron se yukt pot lagakar mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee thi.

jammoo aur kashmir men karagil yuddh ke bad ki atnkavadi karyavahiyon ke khilaf marin kamandoz ne mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee hai. nausena ne chakravati toofanon jaisi prakritik apadaon ke samay talash aur bachav abhiyanon men jan-mal ki raksha jaisi upayogi sevaen upalabdh karaeen hain. nausena ne kee nagarik vibhagon ke lie doobe hue jahazon ki talash, mrit shariron ko nikalane aur doobe hue sona-chandi ko khoj nikalane jaise vibhinn prakar ke karyon men sahayog kiya hai.

bharatiy nausena apani prashikshan snstha, neval ekaidami, kochchi men chalati hai. sabhi mahattvapoorn nausenik addon men isake apane aspatal chalate hain, jinamen sabase bada munbee, ashvini ka indiyan neval haauspital steshan (aee.en.ech.es.) hai. d neval vaivz velafeyar esosieshan (en.dablyoo.dablyoo.e) bharatiy nausena ka ek sngathan hai, jo nausena ke javanon se snbndhit vibhinn kalyanakari gatividhiyon men shamil hota hai.

shanti prayas

bharatiy nausena ne snyukt rashtr sngh dvara shanti qayam karane ki vibhinn karyavahiyon men bharatiy thal sena sahit bhag liya hai. vah somaliya men snyukt rashtr sngh ki karyavahi (yoo.en.o.es.o.em.) ka ek hissa thi. 1992-1993 men somaliya tat aur bndaragahon par lagabhag 347 dinon tak bharatiy nausena ke yuddhapot ne lagatar chaukasi rakhi. bad men disnbar 1994 men bharatiy nausena ki ek task fors ne, jisamen do gaided misail phriget shamil the. bharatiy sena ke javanon ko somaliya se bahar nikalane men sahayata pahunchaee. vahan is task fors ne jahaz par tainat mashinagar se yukt helikaauptaron se sena ko dhunadhar golibari kar suraksha kavach pradan kiya.

badhati zimmedariyan

1994 men hue snyukt rashtr sngh ke samudri qanoon se snbndhit sammelan (yoo.en.si.el.o.es.) ne bharat ko 22 lakh varg kilomitar ka vishisht arthik kshetr (ee.ee.jed) diya hai. yah arthik dohan ke lie pradatt kul bhoo-kshetr ke do-tihaee hisse ke atirikt hai. isase bharatiy nausena ki zimmedariyon men abhootapoorv badhottari huee hai. videshi hamalon ka javab dene ki zimmedari ke alava nausena bharat ke samudravarti hiton, jo bharat ke arthik vikas se jude hue hain, ka bhi khyal rakhati hai. bharatiy nausena ne navikon ke prashikshan hetu kee snsthaen chalati hai. shuddh nausainik prashikshan ke alava ye snsthaen chalati hai. javanon ko any snbndhit seva snsthaon men bhi prashikshan muhaiya karati hain.

svadeshikaran

raksha mntralay ne bnbee (vartaman munbee) ke mazaganv bndaragah ko 1960 men aur kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) ke garden rich varkashaaup (ji.ar.es.ee.) ko 1961 men apane antargat liya. ye desh ke apane svayn ke pot nirman ki disha men arnbhik qadam the.

svatntrata ke bad se nausena ne ab tak 81 se zyada yuddhapoton aur panadubbiyon ka dizain taiyar kar munbee, kolakata, vishakhapattanam aur gova ke shipayard men nirman kiya. bharatiy nausena sainy anusndhan evn vikas sngathan (di.ar.di.o.) aur any sarakari sarvajanik kshetron ki madad se apani pramukh panadubbi pranali, hathiyar aur sensar pranali ke kshetr men lagatar taraqqi kar rahi hai. isamen desh ki apani jatil ilektraaunik yuddh pranali ke sath-sath redar, sonar v fayar kntrol, pranali tatha prakshepastr, bndooken, top aur taaurapido bhi shamil hain. di.ar.di.o. ki prayogashalaon ki shrinkhala aur bharatiy nausena ke vepns aind ilektraauniks sistam injiniyaring esteblishament (dablyoo.ee.es.ee.ee.) ne vibhinn uparakanon ke svadeshikaran men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee hai. bharatiy nausena ka navinatam gaurav aee.en.es. 'kora' ji.ar.es.ee. 'delhi' di 61, jise navnbar 1997 men shamil kiya gaya, bharat men abhikalpit aur nirmit vishalatam aur sarvadhik shaktishali yuddhapot hai. aee.en.es. 'kora' ji.ar.es.ee. kolakata men nirmit char prakshepastron se lais svadeshi kaaurvet men pahala hai. jise 10 agast 1998 men shamil kiya gaya. atyadhik tez hamalavar pot aee.en.eph.e.si.ti-80 aur ti.-81 ko 1998-1999 men shamil kiya gaya. aee.en.es. 'delhi' ke varg ke vidhvnsak pot aee.en.es. 'maisoor' di 62 ko 1999 men shamil kiya gaya, jo bharat ka 81van svadeshi yuddhapot ban gaya 'brahmaputr' varg ke friget aur kaaurvet ke sath 'adity' pahala svadeshi yuddhapot telavahak beda hai, jo hal men hi ji.ar.es.ee. kolakata men nirmit hua hai aur 2000 ke madhy men nausena men shamil ho gaya hai.

bharatiy nausena divas

bharatiy nausena divas pratyek varsh 4 disambar ko manaya jata hai. yah 1971 ki jng men bharatiy nausena ki pakistani nausena par jit ki yad men manaya jata hai. 3 disnbar ko bharatiy sena poorvi pakistan (ab bangladesh) men pak sena ke khilaf jng ki shuruat kar chuki thi. vahin, 'aaupareshan traident' ke tahat 4 disnbar, 1971 ko bharatiy nausena ne karachi nausainik adde par bhi hamala bol diya tha. is yuhddh men pahali bar jahaj par mar karane vali enti ship misail se hamala kiya gaya tha. nausena ne pakistan ke tin jahaj nasht kar die the. isamen bharatiy nausena ka aee.en.es. khukari bhi pani men doob gaya tha. isamen 18 adhikariyon sahit lagabhag 176 nausainik savar the.[2]

mugalon ki nausena ne jite the kee yuddh

duniya men hindustani nausena takat ke hisab se sataven sthan par hai. bharat men mugalon ke vakt se hi nausena majaboot rahi hai. yah sainy abhiyanon men to bhag leti hi thi, samudri dakuon se vyapariyon ki suraksha ko bhi isaka istemal kiya jata tha. agara isaka pramukh kendr tha. yahan se ilahabad tak vyapar jalamarg se hota tha. mugal nausainik bede ke bare men "aina-e-akabari" men abul fazal likhate hain ki pani ke jahajon ka istemal vyapariyon ke saman v hathiyon ko ek sthan se doosare tak le jane ke lie kiya jata tha. akabar ka nausainik vibhag bhi tha, jisaka kam nadiyon ki nigarani aur aise yatriyon ki yatra ki vyavastha karana tha, jo kiraya chukane men asamarth hote the. akabar ke samay men dhaka isaka pramukh kendr tha. usaki nausena men 3000 jahaj the, jin par us samay 8.5 lakh rupaye ka varshik kharch hota tha. aurngajeb ke samay varsh 1660 men kharcha badhakar 14 lakh rupaye varshik ho gaya. nav se nadi par karane ke lie us samay kar dena hota tha. hathi ko nadi par karane ke lie ath ane aur 20 adamiyon ko nadi par karane par ek ana liya jata tha. suraksha ki drishti se rat men vishesh paristhitiyon ko chhodakar nav chalane ki anumati nahin thi. mugal nausena nadiyon ki nigahabani karati thi. mugal nausena ne kee sainy abhiyanon men bhag liya tha. jahangir ke samay bngal ke gavarnar islam khan ne arakan ke raja ko haraya tha. usake pas 80 bot thin. shahajahan ke samay mugal nausena ne kochchi ke khilaf jng ladi thi. aurngazeb ke samay men bngal ke vayasaray mir jumala ne varsh 1662 men 323 navon ke sath asam ke khilaf hue yuddh men bhag liya tha. mugal sena ne shatru ke 350 jahajon (badi navon) par kabja kar liya tha. mir jumala ki maut ke bad shahi nausena nasht ho gee thi.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy sashash‍tr senaen (hindi) adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 6 faravari, 2011.
  2. nevi de: jab pak nausena par hamala karake bharat ne dubo die the tin jahaj (hindi) dainik bhaskar. abhigaman tithi: 4 disambar, 2015.
  3. nausena divas par visheshah mugalon ki thi takatavar nausena (hindi) nee duniya. abhigaman tithi: 4 disambar, 2015.

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