एम. एस. सुब्बुलक्ष्मी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

em. es. subbulakshmi
Subbulakshami.jpg
poora nam madurai shanmukhavadivu subbulakshmi
any nam em. es. subbulakshmi
janm 16 sitnbar, 1916
janm bhoomi madras
mrityu 11 disnbar, 2004
mrityu sthan chennee
pati/patni sadashivam
karm-kshetr film sngit (parshvagayika), bharatiy shastriy sngit
vishay bharatiy shastriy sngit, lok sngit, bhajan, gazal
puraskar-upadhi 'bharat ratn', 'padmavibhooshan', 'padm bhooshan', 'sngit natak akadami samman', 'raiman maigsese samman'
nagarikata bharatiy
mukhy git ‘vaishnav jan to tene kahie, jo pir paraee jane re’
any janakari subbulakshmi ne kannad ke alava tamil, malayalam, telugoo, hindi, snskrit, bngali aur gujarati men bhi git gae.
adyatan‎

madurai shanmukhavadivu subbulakshmi athava em. es. subbulakshmi (janm- 16 sitnbar, 1916 madras; mrityu- 11 disnbar, 2004 chennee) ko karnatak sngit ka paryay mana jata hai aur bharat ki vah aisi pahali gayika thin, jinhen sarvochch nagarik alnkaran bharat ratn se sammanit kiya gaya. unake gaye hue gane, khasakar bhajan aj bhi logon ke bich kafi lokapriy hain. desh ke pratham pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo ne unhen sngit ki rani bataya to vahin svar samragyi lata mngeshakar ne unhen 'tapasvini' kaha.

arnbhik jivan

subbulakshmi ka janm mndiron ke shahar madurai, madras presidensi, british raj men 16 sitambar, 1916 ko vina vadak shanmukhavadivu (lekhadhikari ke yahan unaki mata ka nam aur janm sthan hi ankit hai) ke yahan hua. unaka bachapan ka nam 'kunjamma' tha. unaki nani akkammal vayalin vadak thin. unaka prasiddh nam em.es. tha. bachapan men kunjamma apane chhote bhaee aur bahan ke sath sngit ke vatavaran men pale badhe. unaka ghar minakshi mndir ke pas hi tha.[1]

em. es. subbulakshmi devadasi parivar men utpann hueen. 17 varsh ki ayu men unhonne 'chennee sngit akadami' men ek shreshth gayika ke roop men apana nam darj kara liya tha. prarambh se hi unake man men apane sngit ke sambandh men yah bhavana thi ki, unake sngit ko sunakar murajhae hue cheharon par paramanand ki jhalak dikhaee de.[2]

pahala elabam

subbulakshmi bachapan men hi karnatak sngit se jud gayi thin aur unaka pahala elabam mahaj das sal ki umr men nikala tha. prasiddh sngitachary 'semmanagudi shrinivas ayyar' se sngit ki shiksha grahan karane ke bad unhonne 'pndit narayan rav' se shastriy sngit ki shiksha li. subbulakshmi ne pahali bar sarvajanik taur par apane gayan ka pradarshan ek samaroh ke dauran kiya. isake bad vah age ki padhaee ke lie 'madras sngit akadami' chali gayi, jahan sirph 17 sal ki umr men bhavy karyakram ayojit kiye. unhonne kannad ke alava tamil, malayalam, telugoo, hindi, snskrit, bngali aur gujarati men bhi git gae. unhonne 1945 men 'bhakt mira' namak film men behatarin bhoomika ada ki. unhonne mira ke bhajan ko apane suron men piroya, jo aj tak logon dvara sune jate hain.[3]

vivah

san 1936 men vah 'svatntrata senani sadashivam' se milin aur 1940 men unaki jivan sngini ban gayin. sadashivam ke apani pahali patni se char bachche the jinhen subbulakshmi ne apani sntan ki tarah pala.[3]

lokapriyata

subbulakshmi ki lokapriyata unake gayan ke karan to hai hi, parantu unhonne jo bhakti sngit bharat aur sampoorn vishv ko diya hai, usake karan vishesh roop se unhen smaran kiya jata hai. jab vah gandhi ji ke priy bhajan ‘vaishnav jan to tene kahie, jo pir paraee jane re’ gatin, to ek vishesh prakar ka jadoo-sa shrotaon par chha jata hai. unhonne mira ke anek bhajan bhi gae hain. unhonne mira namak tamil film men bhi kam kiya. jab is film ka hindi roopantar pesh kiya gaya, to subbulakshmi ko hindi jagath men vishesh roop jana jane laga. ve isake karan sampoorn desh men prasiddh ho geen. subbulakshmi ne jab snyukt rashtr ki asembali men apana gayan pesh kiya tha, to prasiddh patr ‘nyooyark taims’ ne likha tha ki, ve apane sngit ke dvara pashchim ke shrotaon se jo sampark sthapit karati hain, usake lie yah avashyak nahin ki shrota unake shabdon ka arth samajhen. isake lie unake knth se nikala hua madhur svar pashchimi shrotaon ke lie sabase saral aur mahattvapoorn madhyam hai.[2]

  • subbulakshmi ke bare men kaha jata hai ki jo log unaki bhasha nahin samajhate the, ve bhi unaki gayaki sunate the. unaki avaz ko paramatma ki abhivyakti kaha jata tha aur log prasannachit hokar unaka gayan sunate the. unake prashnsakon ki pheharist men mahatma gandhi aur javaharalal neharoo sarikhe kee prakhyat log the. unake bare men gandhi ji ka kahana tha, vah kisi aur ka gayan sunane ki bajay subbulakshmi ki avaz sunana pasnd karenge.[3]

pati ka margadarshan

em. es. subbulakshmi

subbulakshmi ko vishv ki ek sarvottam gayika banane men unake pati ka margadarshan raha hai. unhonne svayn is bat ko svikar kiya hai ki yadi mujhe apane pati se margadarshan aur sahayata nahin mili hoti, to main is mukam tak nahin pahunch pati. bisavin shatabdi ki mahanh bhakti gayika hone ke bavajood ve sadaiv namr bani rahin aur sngit men apani khyati ke lie apane pati sadashivam ka abhar manati rahin. sadashivam ki visheshata yah thi ki, gandhivadi aur svatntrata senani hone ke bavajood jab se unhonne subbulakshmi ka hath thama, aisa koee prayatn shesh nahin chhoda, jisase subbulakshmi ki khyati dinon-din badhati n rahe. unhonne subbulakshmi ki gayan sabhaon ka is prakar ayojan kiya ki, ve saphalataon ki sidhiyan chadhati hi geen. inhin ke prayatnon ke karan subbulakshmi ko ‘naitengel aauf indiya’ kaha gaya, jabaki isase pahale yah khitab keval sarojini nayadoo ko hi prapt tha. ramadhun aur bhakti sngit ko gane ki prerana bhi unhen sadashivamh se hi mili thi.[2]

prashnsa ke nam

anek mashahoor sngitakaron ne shrimati subbulakshmi ki kala ki tarif ki hai. -

  • lata mngeshakar ne apako 'tapasvini' kaha,
  • ustad bade gulam ali khan ne apako 'susvaralakshmi' pukara,
  • kishori amonakar ne apako 'athvan sur' kaha, jo sngit ke sat suron se ooncha hai.
  • emes lavanya evn emes subulakshmi ko log 'sekh‍sophon sish‍tar' ke nam se jyada janate hain
  • bharat ke kee mananiy neta, jaise mahatma gandhi aur pndit neharu bhi apake sngit ke prashnsak the. ek avasar par mahatma gandhi ne kaha ki agar shrimati subbulakshmi 'hari, tum haro jan ki bhir' is mira bhajan ko gane ke bajay bol bhi den, tab bhi unako vah bhajan kisi aur ke gane se adhik surila lagega.

pratham bharatiy

shrimati subbulakshmi pahali bharatiy hain jinhonne snyukt rashtr sngh (United Nations) ki sabha men sngit karyakram prastut kiya, tatha ap pahali stri hain jinako karnatak sngit ka sarvottam puraskar, sngit kalanidhi prapt hua.

samman aur puraskar

subbulakshmi ke samman men jari dak tikat

bharat ke sarvochch nagarik samman ‘bharat ratn’ se sammanit kie jane ke atirikt unhen madras sngit akadami ne sngit kalanidhi ki upadhi se anlakrit kiya tha. yah samman prapt karane vali vah pratham mahila thin. 1974 men unhen ‘reman megasese’ puraskar prapt hua aur 1990 men rashtriy ekata ke lie unhen indira gandhi avard diya gaya.[2]

nidhan

88 sal ki umr men mahanh gayika em.es. subbulakshmi 11 disnbar, 2004 ko duniya ko alavida kah gayin.

chitr vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. M.S. A Child Profile (angrezi). . abhigaman tithi: 22 march, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 liladhar, sharma bharatiy charit kosh (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, 932.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 jaduee khanak thi subbulakshmi ki avaz men (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) laiv hindustan daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 16 agast, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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