}

परवीन सुल्ताना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

paravin sultana
paravin sultana
poora nam begam paravin sultana
janm 10 julaee, 1950
janm bhoomi nogong gram, asam
abhibhavak ikaramul majid tatha maroofa majid
pati/patni dilashad khan
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr shastriy gayan
mukhy filmen 'gadar', 'kudarat' aur 'pakiza' adi.
puraskar-upadhi 'padmashri' (1976), 'gndharv kala nidhi' (1980), 'miyan tanasen puraskar' (1986), sngit natak akadami puraskar - 1999
prasiddhi shastriy gayika
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari paravin sultana ne matr barah varsh ki ayu men apana pratham sngit karyakram diya tha.
adyatan‎

paravin sultana (angrezi: Parveen Sultana, janm- 10 julaee, 1950, asam) bharat ki prasiddh shastriy gayika hain. vah 'patiyala gharane' se sambandhit hain. paravin sultana aisi vilakshan pratibhashali gayika hain, jinhen varsh 1976 men 'padmashri' se sammanit kiya gaya tha. asamiya prishthabhoomi se talluk rakhane vali paravin sultana ne patiyala gharane ki gayaki men apana alag mukam banaya hai. unake parivar men kee pidhiyon se shastriy sngit ki parampara rahi hai. unake guruon men 'achary chinamoy lahiri' aur 'ustad dilashad khan' pramukh rahe hain. git ko apani antaratma manane vali paravin sultana ki janm-bhoomi asam aur karm-bhoomi mumbee rahi hai.

janm tatha shiksha

paravin sultana ka janm 10 julaee, 1950 ko nogong gram, asam men hua tha. inake pita ka nam 'ikaramul majid' tatha mata ka nam 'maroofa majid' tha. paravin sultana ne sabase pahale sngit apane dada ji 'mohammad najif khan sahab' tatha pita ikaramul se sikhana shuroo kiya. pita aur dadaji ki chhatrachhaya ne unaki pratibha ko vikasit kar unhen 12 varsh ki alpayu men hi apani pratham prastuti dene ke liye paripakv bana diya tha. isake bad paravin sultana kolakata (bhootapoorv kalakatta) men 'svargiy pndit chinamoy lahiri' ke pas sngit sikhane gayin tatha 1973 se ve 'patiyala gharane' ke 'ustad dilashad khan sahab' ki shagird ban gayin.

begam paravin sultana

vivah

do varsh bad hi paravin sultana ne dilashad khan se vivah kiya aur parinay sootr men bndh gayin. inaki ek putri bhi hai. paravin sultana un chuninda shastriy gayikaon men se ek hain, jinhen eeshvar ne ek aisi anokhi aur khoobasoorat avaz se navaja, jisaka koee sani nahin tha. unaki lagan aur talim ne unhen khoobasoorat avaz aur ek garimamay vyaktitv ka dhani banaya tha, isilie unhen bharatiy shastriy sngit ki rani kaha jata hai.

ragon se sahajata

ustad dilashad khan sahab ki talim ne unaki pratibha ki ninv ko aur bhi sudridh kiya, unaki gayaki ko nayi disha di, jisase unhen ragon aur shastriy sngit ke any tathyon men visharad prapt hua. jivan men ek guru ka sthan kya hai, yah ve bhali-bhanti janati thin. apane ek sakshatkar men unhonne kaha tha ki- "jitana mahattvapoorn ek achchha guru milana hota hai, utana hi mahattvapoorn hota hai guru ke batae marg par chalana." snbhavatah isi karan ve kathin se kathin ragon ko sahajata se ga leti hain. unaka ek dhime alap se tivr tanon aur bol tanon par jana, unake asim atmavishvas ko jhalakata hai, jisase us rag ka ark, usaka bhav ubhar kar ata hai. chahe khayal ho, thumari ho ya koee bhajan, ve use usake shuddh roop men prastut kar sabaka man moh leti hain.[1]

filmon men gayan

paravin sultana ne film 'pakiza' se filmon men gayan ki shuruat ki thi. solah varsh ki umr men paravin munbee aee thin aur yahin par ittafak se mashahoor sngitakar naushad sahab ne unhen film 'pakiza' ke parshvagayan ke lie thoda-sa gane ki gujarish ki. naushad sahab ne paravin ki gayaki ko ek sho men dekh liya tha, usi se prabhavit hokar unhonne paravin ko ek khoobasoorat mauka diya. film 'kudarat' ka git "hamen tumase pyar kitana, ye ham nahin janate" (sngit nirdeshak ar. di. barman) aur film 'pakiza' ka 'kaun gali gayo shyam' sabase adhik pasnd kiya gaya tha.

saphalata

paravin sultana kahati hain ki- naushad sahab ke is prastav ne filmon men meri gayaki ke daravaze khol die. film 'pakiza' ke parshvagayan ke lie ham sabane 'thumari', 'mishr pilu', 'khamaj', in ragon men thoda-thoda gaya. film 'pakiza' ke sngit ke supar hit ho jane ke bad madan mohan ne film 'paravana' ke lie ek git ko gane ka aauphar diya. naushad sahab ki tarah madan mohan bhi mere phain the. paravin sultana ne naushad, madan mohan ke alava lakshmikant pyarelal, shnkar jayakishan tatha ar. di. barman ke lie bhi gaya[2] shastriy sngit men jahan khyal gayan men inako pravinata hasil rahi, vahin shastriy sugam sngit men thumari, dadara, chaiti, kajari adi behad pasnd ki geen. rag hnsadhvani ka tarana shrotaon ki vishesh pharamaish hua karata tha. vahin kabir ke bhajan bhi utani hi khoobasoorati se prastut kiye. film 'paravana' men 1971 men asha bhonsale ke sath paravin sultana ne 'piya ki gali' (sngitakar madan mohan) git gaya tha. gazal bhi vah utani hi madhurata aur doob kar gati hain, jitana shastriy sngit ka khyal. 'ye dhuan sa kah se uthata hai' unake dvara gaee gee gazal kafi charchit rahi thi.

upashastriy sngit men dakshata

paravin sultana

paravin sultana ko upashastriy sngit men dakshata prapt hai. 'tappa' ek vidha hai, jise gana sabhi ke vash ki bat nahin hoti. isaki vajah yah hai ki isamen avaz aur svaron ko ghumate hue ek vishesh tariqe se bahut sntulit kram aur sadhe hue svaron men gaya jata hai. is ehatiyat ke sath ki jatil svar-snrachana ke bad bhi svar bikharen nahin. paravin sultana ko tappe men bhi maharath hasil thi. unaki tanen jharane ki tarah bahati to alap utane hi gnbhir aur gahare hote, jaise kisi gahare koop men se oopar ko uthati dhvaniyan. jitani mithas tar saptak men utani hi bulndi mndr saptak ke svaron men, ye vividhata nissndeh ek kathin sadhana hai. kathin se kathin tanen vo itani asani se leti ki shrota ashchary chakit rah jate the.

puraskar v samman

  1. kliyopetra aauph myoozik - 1972
  2. padmashri - 1976
  3. gndharv kala nidhi - 1980
  4. miyan tanasen puraskar - 1986
  5. sngit natak akadami puraskar - 1999
samap vistata puraskar

varsh 2011 ka 'samap vistata puraskar' gayika paravin sultana aur sarod ke vadak jarin sharma ko pradan kiya gaya tha. yah puraskar kendriy shahari vikas aur garibi unmoolan mntri kumari shailaja ne 21 navambar, 2011 ko pradan kiya tha. is puraskar ke svaroop 25 hajar rupaye nakad, shaaul v pratik chihn pradan kiya jata hai.[3]

murid hain adanam

paravin sultana batati hain ki- "ar. di. barman aur mere pati dilashad khan ek doosare ke sahapathi rah chuke hain. donon ne kolakata ke sent zeviyars kaaulej men padhaee ki thi. film 'kudarat' ke ek git "hamen tumase pyar kitana" ke lie barman sahab ne mere pati se kaha ki vah mujhase bat karen, kyonki unhen dar tha ki agar mainne na kar di to. magar jab mere pati ne unhen bataya ki main unaki phain hoon, tab kahin jakar unhonne mujhase bat ki." is git ke lie mainne 1981 ki sarvashreshth gayika ka 'film pheyar avard' jita. avaz ki dhani paravin sultana ko kafi filmon men gane ke aauphar mile, magar apani avaz ke sath kisi bhi tarah ka koee samajhauta ve karane ko taiyar nahin thi. yoon paravin sultana ke kee chahane vale rahe, jinamen kee sngitakar bhi shamil hain. ajakal ke sngitakaron men adanam sami unake sabase bade prashnsakon men se ek hain. adanam ke pas paravin sultana ki sari film tatha kaaunsart men gae ge giton ka sngrah hai. film 'gadar' ke ek thumari git, jise paravin ne apani avaz se navaza hai, ne adanam sami ko paravin ji ka divana bana diya. adanam sami ki varshon ki tamanna us vaqt poori huee, jab unhonne apane sngit nirdeshan men paravin ki gayaki ko parakha.[2]

behatar git-sngit

paravin sultana un ganon ko apani avaz dena pasnd karati hai, jinamen n sirph sngit hi, balki git bhi behatarin ho. unaka manana hai ki- "mera kya kam hai, gane vale to bahut hain, agar ap mujhase gavana chahate hain to usamen kuchh aisa ho, jisase mujhe bhi sntushti mile aur shrota bhi khush hon." film '1920' ke git 'vada tera vada' ke bare men paravin sultana ne bataya ki is gane ki do lainen sunakar hi unhonne ise gane ka man bana liya. yah git mahaz paune do ghnte men rikaaurd ho gaya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. begam paravin sultana (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 23 disambar, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 riyeliti shaau bachchon ko bigad rahe hain, paravin (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 10 julaee, 2013.
  3. paravin sultana aur sarod vadak jarin sharma ko samap vistata puraskar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 17 julaee, 2013.

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