सितारा देवी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sitara devi
sitara devi
poora nam sitara devi
any nam dhanalakshmi
janm 8 navambar, 1920
janm bhoomi kolakata
mrityu 25 navambar, 2014
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
abhibhavak sukhadev
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr kathak nrityangana
puraskar-upadhi 'padmashri' (1970), 'sngit natak akadami samman' (1987), 'shikhar samman' (1991), 'padmabhooshan' (2006)
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari matr solah varsh ki umr men inaka nrity dekhakar ravindranath taigor ne unhen 'katthak kvin' ke khitab se sammanit kiya tha.

sitara devi (angrezi: Sitara Devi ; janm- 8 navambar, 1920, kolakata; mrityu- 25 navambar, 2014, mumbee, maharashtr) bharat ki prasiddh nrityangana thin. unaka nam kathak nrityangana ke roop men kisi parichay ka mohataj nahin hai. ve jis mukam par thin, vahan tak pahunchane ke lie unhonne bahut sngharsh kiya tha. bahut kam log yah janate hain ki matr solah sal ki umr men unaka nrity dekhakar gurudev ravindranath taigor ne unhen "kathak kvin" ke khitab se sammanit kiya tha. aj bhi log isi khitab se unaka parichay karate hain. isake atirikt sitara devi ke khate men 'padmashri' aur 'kalidas samman' bhi hain, jo kathak ke prati unaki sachchi lagan aur mehanat ko darshate hain.

jivan parichay

sitara devi ka janm 8 navambar, 1920 men dipavali ki poorvasndhya par 'kalakatta' (adhunik kolakata) men ek vaishnav brahman parivar men hua tha. inaka mool nam 'dhanalakshmi' tha, jabaki ghar men pyar se inhen 'dhanno' kahakar pukara jata tha. kathak inhen apane pita achary sukhadev se virasat men mila tha. sitara devi ko balyakal men hi mata-pita ke pyar se vnchit hona pada. munh tedha hone ke karan bhayabhit abhibhavakon ne inhen ek daee ko saunp diya tha, jisane ath sal ki umr tak inaka palan-poshan kiya. isake bad hi sitara devi apane ghar a sakin. sitara devi ke ek bhaee aur do bahanen alakananda aur tara hain.

vivah

us samay ki parampara ke anusar sitara devi ka vivah ath varsh ki ayu men hi kar diya gaya tha. unake sasural vale chahate the ki vah gharabar snbhal len, kintu vah skool jakar shiksha grahan karana chahati thin. skool jane ke lie jid pakad lene par unaka vivah toot gaya aur unhen 'kamachhagadh haee skool' men pravesh dila diya gaya. yahan sitara devi ne ek avasar par nrity ka utkrisht pradarshan karake satyavan aur savitri ki pauranik kahani par adharit ek nrity natika men bhoomika prapt karane ke sath hi apane sathi kalakaron ko bhi nrity sikhane ki zimmedari prapt ki. kuchh samay bad sitara devi ka parivar mumbee chala aya. filmon men kathak ko lane men inaka pramukh yogadan raha tha. bad ke dinon men prasiddh film nirdeshak ke asif aur phir pradip barot se inhonne vivah kiya.
abhinetri shyama ke janmadin par
oopar se baeen or- jabin jalil, sunita prasad, azara, nishi, shashikala, nimmi, yasamin
niche se baeen or- begam para, shyama, sitara devi

pita ka sahayog

75 sal pahale koee bhi yah nahin sochata tha ki ek sharif gharane ki ladaki nach-gana sikhe. dharmik aur parnparavadi brahman parivar men sitara devi ke pita aur dada-paradada sabhi sngitakar hua karate the, lekin parivar men ladakiyon ko nrity aur sngit ki shiksha dene ki parnpara nahin thi. sitara devi ke pita achary sukhadev ne yah krantikari kadam uthaya aur pahali bar parivar ki parnpara ko toda. sukhadev ji nrity kala ke sath-sath gayan se bhi zude hue the. ve nrity natikaen likha karate the. unhen hamesha ek hi pareshani hoti thi ki nrity kisase karavaen, kyonki is tarah ke nrity us samay purush hi karate the. isalie apani nrity natikaon men vastavikata lane ke lie unhonne ghar ki betiyon ko nrity sikhana shuroo kiya. unake is phaisale par poore parivar ne kada virodh pradarshit kiya tha, kintu ve apane nirnay par adig rahe. is tarah sitara devi aur unaki bahanen alakannda, tara aur unaka bhaee bhi nrity sikhane lage.

munbee agaman

kisi roodhi ko todakar kala ki sadhana men lin hone ka puraskar unhen biradari ke bahishkar ke roop men mila. samaj se bahishkrit hone ke bad bhi sitara devi ke pita bina vichalit hue apane kam men lage rahe. bahut chhoti umr men hi unhen film men kam karane ka mauka mil gaya. film nirmata nirnjan sharma ko apani film ke lie ek kam umr ki nrityangana ladaki chahie thi. kisi parichit ki salah par ve banaras ae aur sitara devi ka nrity dekhakar unhen film men bhoomika de di. sitara devi ke pita is prastav par raji nahin the, kyonki tab ve chhoti thin aur sikh hi rahi thin. parntu nirnjan sharma ne agrah kiya aur is tarah ve apani man aur bua ke sath mumbee a geen. kuchh filmon men kam karane ke alava unhonne filmon men koriyografi ka kam bhi kiya.

prasiddhi

sitara devi ne apane sudirgh nrity karyakal ke dauran desh-videsh men kee karyakramon aur mahotsavon men chakit kar dene vale layatmak aur oorja se bharapoor nrity pradarshanon se darshakon ko mntramugdh kiya. vah lndan men pratishthit 'raauyal albart' aur 'viktoriya haaul' tatha nyooyark ke 'karnegi haaul' men apane nrity ka jadoo bikher chuki hain. yah bhi ullekhaniy hai ki sitara devi n sirf kathak, balki bharatanatyam sahit kee bharatiy shastriy nrity shailiyon aur lok nrityon men parngat hain. unhonne roosi baile aur pashchim ke kuchh aur nrity bhi sikhen hain. sitara devi ke kathak men banaras aur lakhanoo ke gharanon ke tatvon ka sammishran dikhaee deta hai. vah us samay ki kalakar hain, jab poori-poori rat kathak ki mahaphil jami rahati thi.

puraskar v samman

sitara devi ke samman men googal dvara doodal

apani kala aur nrity ke prati unake vishesh yogadan ne unhen kee puraskar v samman dilaye hain-

  1. 'padmashri' - 1970
  2. 'sngit natak akadami samman' - 1987
  3. 'shikhar samman' - 1991
  4. 'rashtriy kalidas samman' - 1994

abhinay

bharatiy sinema ki prasiddh abhinetriyon madhubala, rekha, mala sinha aur kajol jaisi baaulivud ki abhinetriyon ne sitara devi se hi kathak nrity ki shiksha li. sitara devi ne kee filmon men bhi kam kiya tha. unaki filmon men 'shahar ka jadoo' (1934), 'jajament aauf allah' (1935), 'nagina', 'bagaban', 'vatan' (1938), 'meri ankhen' (1939) 'holi', 'pagal', 'svami' (1941), 'roti' (1942), 'chand' (1944), 'lekh' (1949), 'halachal' (1950) aur 'madar indiya' (1957) pramukh hain.[1]

nidhan

sitara devi ka nidhan 25 navambar, 2014 men mumbee, maharashtr men hua. unhen pet dard ki shikayat ke bad mumbee ke jasalok aspatal men bharti karaya gaya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mashahoor kathak dansar sitara devi ka nidhan (hindi) pnjab kesari. abhigaman tithi: 25 navambar, 2014.

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