अमला शंकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

amala shnkar
amala shnkar
poora nam amala shnkar
janm 27 joon, 1919
janm bhoomi jesor[1]
mrityu 24 julaee, 2020
mrityu sthan kolakata
abhibhavak pita- akshay kumar nndi
pati/patni uday shnkar
sntan putr- annd shnkar, putri- mamata shnkar
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr nrityangana v koriyographar
mukhy filmen 'kalh‍pana'
any janakari film 'kalh‍pana' buri tarah phlaaup rahi thi, lekin yah alag bat hai ki aj isaki hiphajat kisi beshakimati nagine ki tarah ki jati hai aur san 2010 men martin skorsesi ki knpani varld sinema phaundeshan ne isake dijital snrakshan ka jimma uthaya.
amala shnkar (angrezi: Amala Shankar, janm- 27 joon, 1919, jesor; mrityu- 24 julaee, 2020, kolakata) mashahoor bharatiy nrityangana evn koriyographar thin. vah apane samay ke prasiddh nartak evn koriyographar uday shnkar ki patni aur diggaj sitar vadak pndit ravi shnkar ki bhabhi thin. amala shnkar ne us daur men nrity ka prashikshan liya, jab mahilaon ke nachane ko samaj men hey drishh‍t‍i se dekha jata tha. kala ke kshetr men unake yogadan ke lie pashchim bngal sarakar ne 2011 men unh‍hen ‘bng vibhooshan’ se sammanit kiya tha. amala shnkar ne sal 1948 men 'kalh‍pana' philh‍m men mukhh‍y bhoomika nibhaee thi. yah philh‍m uday shnkar ne hi banaee thi. philh‍m ki kahani yuva nartakon ke sapanon aur nrity akadami par adharit thi. unake yogadan ko dekhate hue unh‍hen 2012 men 'sngit naty akadami taigor rath‍n purash‍kar' bhi mila.

parichay

amala shnkar ka janm 27 joon, 1919 men jasor (ab bangladesh men sthit) men hua tha. unaka parivar shuruat se kala ke kshetr se juda tha. 1930 men unhonne apane guru aur hone vale pati uday shnkar se pahali bar mulakat ki thi. unaki umr tab matr 11 sal thi. apane hone vale pati yani antarrashtriy khyati ke nartak uday shnkar se huee pahali mulaqat ko yad karate hue amala shnkar ne apane snsmaran ‘prem ka devata’ men likha hai-

jin-jin karanon se videshi bhoomi men unase pahali bhent huee kitani bngali ladakiyon ke jivan men vaisa ghatit hota hai. yahan tak ki vaisi ghatana aj bhi nahin ghata karatin. unaka mil pana sachamuch apane samay se kahin age ki bat thi.[2]

uday shnkar se mulakat

uday shnkar ke sath amala shnkar

amala shnkar ke pita akshay kumar nndi ka kalakatta men ikaaunaaumik jyoolari varks nam se abhooshanon ka karakhana tha. san 1931 ki bat hai jab unhen phrans ki ek eksapo men apane utpadon ki pradarshani lagane ka nyauta mila. ve apane samay ke lihaj se khase pragatishil adami rahe honge kyonki ve apani gyarah sal ki beti ko bhi vahan le kar ge. ittaphakan samooche yoorop ke kala-snsar men apani nrityakala ka loha manava chukane ke bad uday shnkar bhi un dinon phrans men hi maujood the aur unhen us eksapo men apani prastuti dene bulaya gaya tha. unake nrity ko dekhane ke bad ek bar mashahoor lekhak jems jaauyas ne apani beti ko likha tha- "vah stej par kisi ardh-devata ki tarah chalata hai. mera yakin mano is garib snsar men ab bhi kuchh khoobasoorat chijen bachi huee hain".

akshay nndi uday shnkar ke dost the. phrans men donon ki mulaqat honi hi thi. nrity kala sikh rahi, gyarah sal ki, phraauk pahanane vali ladaki tis sal ke uday shnkar ko pahali bar dekh kar vismay se bhar gayi thi. eksapo men amala shnkar ne bhi apani prastuti di jise uday shnkar ne dekha aur kuchh dinon bad akshay nndi se use apani nrity-mndali ke yoorop toor ke lie mang liya. amala ka jivan poori tarah badal gaya. uday shnkar ki nrity-mndali ke sath rahate hue usane yoorop ke sabase bade nagaron men samakalin kala ke utkrishtatam praroopon se sakshatkar kiya. vapas bngal akar usane mahaj terah sal ki ayu men ‘sat sagaron ke par’ shirshak se apana yoorop-vrittant prakashit kiya. uday shnkar salon se yoorop men hi base hue the. phir 1935 men ek bar kalakatta ane par uday shnkar ne tay kiya ki apani phord gadi se kalakatta se almoda ki yatra ki jaye. us yatra men bhi amala ko sath jane ka mauqa mila. tab tak amala ke man men uday shnkar ke lie devatatuly samman ke sath-sath gahara ekatarapha prem bhi apani jagah bana chuka tha, lekin unake man men, usi ke shabdon men romans ke sath ghuli-mili lajja, duvidha aur kuchh-kuchh bhay bhi tha.[2]

vivah

san 1939 men uday shnkar ne sabhi ko ashcharyachakit karate hue amala shnkar se vivah karane ka phaisala liya. usi amala se jo apane bare men sochati thi- "mere jaisi kali, thigani mahila aise supurush ko kabhi chhoo bhi sakati hai, aisi kalpana bhi nahin ki ja sakati thi". tin-char sal tak sab kuchh thik-thak chala, 1942 men almoda men unake putr annd ka janm hua.

filmi shuruat

is avadhi men uday shnkar ke drim projekt yani film ‘kalpana’ ki skript likhi gayi. git sumitranndan pnt se likhavaye ge. phir paison ki kami ke karan almoda kendr bnd kar dena pada. yah uday shnkar ke lie gahara dhakka tha lekin amala ne unhen samhal liya. usake bad ‘kalpana’ par kam shuroo hua. amala shnkar ne udayan bane uday shnkar ki nayika uma ka rol kiya aur film 1948 men rilij huee. film buri tarah phlaaup rahi. yah alag bat hai ki aj isaki hiphajat kisi beshakimati nagine ki tarah ki jati hai aur san 2010 men martin skorsesi ki knpani varld sinema phaundeshan ne isake dijital snrakshan ka jimma uthaya.

parivarik pareshaniyan

baharahal vyaktigat jivan men uday shnkar ke sath ane-jane vali striyon ko kisi tarah bardasht karate hue bhi 1955 men amala shnkar ne apani doosari sntan yani mamata ko janm diya. uday shnkar ki ayu ho rahi thi aur ve apani kala ke prasar ke lie ek bade snsthan ki sthapana karana chahate the taki nrity ka shnkar gharana bacha rahe. 1965 men aisa snsthan astitv men a bhi gaya. kalakatta men banae ge is snsthan men amala shnkar ko nirdeshak banaya gaya.

1968 men amala shnkar ke jivan men ek aur toofan aya. adasath sal ke uday shnkar ne amala shnkar ko chhod, ayu men apane se bahut chhoti, kalakatte ke usi kendr ki ek chhatra anupama das ke sath rahane ka phaisala kiya. is hadase ko yad karate hue amala ne likha hai- "pata nahin kyon uday shnkar men kaisi ek vichitr durbalata dikhaee dene lagi. is durbalata ke sath ek prakar ka nirarthak ahnkar bodh mila hua tha. mujhe pata tha isaka phal un donon ke lie antatah mngal-janak nahin hoga. antim dinon men uday shnkar ne isake lie pashchatap bhi kiya tha, lekin tab tak mere bhitar prem ke sambandh ko lekar gahara avishvas paida ho chuka tha". uday shnkar ne apani vasiyat men apani sari dharohar anupama das ke nam kar di, jisamen ‘kalpana’ ka kaaupirait aur aitihasik mahattv ki anaginat chijen thin jinhen bad ke varshon men anupama ne kaudiyon ke dam bech dala.[2]

jab tak sharir men takat rahi, amala shnkar kalakatta ke us nrity snsthan men agale pachas varshon tak uday shnkar gharane ki nrity shaili ko jivit rakhe rahin. unako janane vale unhen shakti ke aise punj ke roop men yad rakhate hain jisane 1999 men apane bete annd ki maut ke bad bhi nrity ki kakshaen lena bnd nahin kiya. 2012 men 'kan film phestival' men unhen ‘kalpana’ ke pradarshan ke lie bulaya gaya tha.

mrityu

101 sal ki umr poori karane ke bad 24 julaee, 2020 ko amala shnkar khamoshi se is duniya se vida ho geen.

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ab bangladesh men sthit
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 amala shnkar khamoshi se is duniya se vida ho geen (hindi) kafaltree.com. abhigaman tithi: 27 julaee, 2020.

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