बनारस घराना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

banaras gharana
mataprasad mishra, katthak nartak, banaras gharana
vivaran 'banaras gharana' bharat ke pratishthit shastriy nrity, sngit tatha vadan se sambndhit gharanon men se ek hai. yah gharana apani vishesh katthak nrity shaili ke lie prasiddh hai.
desh bharat
nrity shaili katthak
vishesh yah gharana gayan aur vadan donon kalaon ke lie prasiddh raha hai. is gharane ke gayak khyal gayaki ke lie jane jate hain. isake sath hi banaras gharane ke tabala vadakon ki bhi apani ek svatntr shaili rahi hai.
snbndhit lekh sitara devi, girija devi, pndit ravishnkar
bahari kadiyan suprasiddh sitar vadak pndit ravishnkar ka janm banaras men hua. shreshth sntoor vadak shivakumar sharma ke pita pndit amar datt sharma ne banaras gharane ke mahanh gayak pndit bade ramadas ji se shiksha prapt ki thi.

banaras gharana (angrezi: Banaras Gharana) hindustani shastriy sngit ke prasiddh gharanon men gina jata hai. shastriy sngit ke kshetr men is gharane ka bahut hi mahattvapoorn yogadan hai. uttar pradesh ka banaras gharana jayapur gharane ke samakalin mana jata hai. is gharane men gati v shrngarikata ke sthan par prachin v prarnbhik shaili par adhik jor diya gaya. banaras gharane ke nam par prakhyat nrityaguru sitara devi ke pashchath unaki putri kathak kvin jayntimala ne isake vaibhav aur chhavi ko barakarar rakhane ka prayas kiya hai evn guru-shishy parampara ko age badhane ke lie prayasarat hain.[1]

shaili

yah gharana gayan aur vadan donon kalaon ke lie prasiddh raha hai. is gharane ke gayak khyal gayaki ke lie jane jate hain. isake sath hi banaras gharane ke tabala vadakon ki bhi apani ek svatntr shaili rahi hai. sarngi vadakon ke lie bhi yah gharana kafi prasiddh raha hai. is gharane ki gayan evn vadan shaili par uttar bharat ke lok gayan ka gahara prabhav hai. kuchh vidvanon ka kathan hai ki aryon ke bharat men sthayi hone se pahale yahan ki janajatiyon men sngit vidyaman tha. usaka abhas banaras ke lok sngit men dikhata hai. thumari mukhy roop se uttar pradesh ki hi den hai. lakhanoo men isaki paidaish huee thi aur banaras men isaka vikas hua.

banarasi thumari

banarasi thumari ke do prakar hain-

  1. dhanakshari arthath shayari thumari - yah drutalay men gaee jati hai aur drut tanon ke dvara prasarit ki jati hai.
  2. bol ki thumari - ise mnd gati ke sath gaya jata hai aur ek-ek shabd ko bolate hain.

banaras ang ki thumari men chainadari hai. yahan ki bol-chal aur kahane ka alag qism ka hota hai. yahan ki thumari men thaharav aur adayagi ka apana ek alag rng hai. isamen khoobasoorati apekshakrit adhik rahati hai.[2] gvaliyar ke raja manasihn tomar (tnvar) thumari ke adi pravartak the. unhin ke nam par isaka nam 'tanavari' pada tha, jo bad men bigadakar thumari ho gaya. thumari ke itihas men maujuddin khan, gvaliyar ke bhaiyasahab ganapatarav aur navab vajid alishah ka nam bhi mahattvapoorn hai. banaras ki thumari pndit jagadip mishr ji se shuroo huee. pndit jagadip mishr, bhaiya ganapatarav evn maujuddin khan ke samay se vilnbit lay ki bol banav thumari ke gane ka prachalan badha tatha banaras men isaka atyadhik prachar-prasar hua, tatpashchath yahi thumari poorab ki boliyan tatha lokagiton ke prabhav se aur adhik bhav pradhan ho gee, aur ant men 'banarasi thumari' ke nam se roodh ho gee.

gharane ki khyal shaili

banaras gharane ka khyal shaili men bhi mahattvapoorn yogadan hai. is gayan paddhati men shabd ka spasht uchcharan kiya jata hai. bhavanaon ko svaron ke madhyam se sashakt roop se prakat kiya jata hai. banaras gharane ke gayak khyal gayan ke lie vishesh taur par pahachane jate hain. khyal ka tatpary hai- 'kalpana'. isaka abhivyaktikaran vividhata se aur savadhani poorvak kiya jana chahie. khyal gayan hazaron varshon ki prachin parnpara hai. yah prachin parnpara mugal badashahon ke darabar men dhrupad paddhati se gayi jati thi. khyal men hindoo aur muslim kaviyon ki shrringarik ya bhakti ras men samarpit rachanaon ka samavesh hai. banaras gharane ke khyal gayan men banaras evn gaya ki thumari ka samavesh hai.[2]

tabala prastuti

is gharane ki tabala vadak prastuti ki apani ek svatntr paddhati rahi hai. lagabhag do sau varsh poorv pndit ramasahay mishr ka janm 1780 men banaras men hua tha. barah varsh ki alp ayu men hi pndit ji ko apane guru se tabale ka sarvottam prashikshan prapt hua tha. ve jab matr keval 21 varsh ke the, tabhi unhonne navab vajidali shah ke darabar men sat din tak bina ruke aur punaravritti n karate hue tabala vadan kiya tha. unhonne apani kala ka pradarshan logon ke samane bnd kar apana dhyan tabala vadan ki nayi paddhati ki khoj karane men kendrit kar diya tha. inhonne tabale par hath rakhane ki paddhati aur ungaliyon ka prayog ne dhng se karake tabala vadan ki nee paddhati ki khoj ki, jisaka nam banarasi baz pada. is paddhati ka upayog ekal vadan ke sath dhrupad gayan, jo pakhavaj ke sath gaya jata hai tatha thumari, tappa aur anek prakar ke vadyon ke sath sngat men hone laga.

prasiddh sngitgy

banaras gharana gayan aur vadan donon ke lie hi bahut prasiddh raha hai. is gharane ke kuchh sngitgyon ke nam is prakar hain-

  1. shahanaee vadak - ustad bismilla khan, pndit ramasahay mishr (jinhonne 'banarasi baz' ka shodh kiya tha)
  2. tabala vadak - pndit knthe maharaj, pndit anokhe lal, pndit kishan maharaj evn pndit gudee maharaj adi.
  3. pakhavaj aur mridng vadak - banaras ke pndit madan mohan, pndit bholanath pathak aur pndit amaranath mishr adi.[2]

suprasiddh sitar vadak pndit ravishnkar ka janm bhi banaras men hua. shreshth sntoor vadak pndit shivakumar sharma ke pita pndit amar datt sharma ne banaras gharane ke mahanh gayak pndit bade ramadas ji se shiksha prapt ki thi. banaras gharana sarngi vadakon ke lie bhi prasiddh raha hai, jisamen pramukh hai-

  1. shambhoo sumir
  2. gopal mishr
  3. hanuman prasad mishr
  4. narayan vinayak

banarasi thumari evn khyal gayan yahan ki vishisht paddhati hai. thumari gayikaon men rasoolan baee, badi moti baee, siddheshvari devi aur girija devi pramukh hain. khyal gayan men pndit bade ramadas ji, pndit chhote ramadas ji, pndit mahadev prasad mishr, pndit rajan-sajan mishr aur unake putr evn shishy is parnpara ko age badha rahe hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. katthak ke mool svaroop men parivartan aur gharanon ki den (hindi) journalistnishant.blogspot.in. abhigaman tithi: 22 aktoobar, 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 banaras gharana (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2012.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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