टप्पा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tappa bharat ki pramukh parnparik sngit shailiyon men se ek hai. yah mana jata hai ki is shaili ki utpatti pnjab v sindh pranton ke oont chalane valon dvara ki gee thi. in giton men mool roop se hir aur ranjha ke prem v virah prasngo ko darshaya jata hai. khamaj, bhairavi, kafi, tilang, jhinjhoti, sindhura aur desh jaise ragon tatha pnjabi pashto jaise talon dvara prem-prasng athava karuna bhav vyakt kie jate hain. 'tappa' ki visheshata hai, isamen lie jane vale oorjavan tan aur asaman layabaddh lahaze.

gayan shaili

tappa gayan ko miyan gulam nabi shori ne ek lok shaili se oopar uthakar ek shastriy shaili ka roop diya tha. miyan gulam nabi avadh ke navab asafuddaula ke darabari gayak the. tappa gayan shaili men theth 'tappe ke tan' prayog men lae jate hain. pnjabi tal, jise 'tappe ka theka' bhi kaha jata hai, men tal ke pratyek chakr men tan ke khinchav aur rihaee ka prayog avashyak hota hai. tappon ko ekaek prastut karane hetu niyamanusar pahale alap ko thumari men gaya jata hai tatha usake pashchath tezi se asaman layabaddh lahaze men bune shabdon ke upayog se tanayat ki or badha jata hai. tappa gayaki men 'jamajama', 'gitakari', 'khataka', 'mudaki' v 'harakat' jaise kee alnkar prayog men lae jate hain.[1]

kalakaron ka yogadan

gayan ki yah shaili moolat: gvaliyar gharane tatha banaras gharane ki visheshata hai. donon gharanon ke tappon men tal aur ashurachana ki shaili ka upayog jaise kuchh snrachanatmak matabhed hain, lekin maulik siddhant ek jaise hi hain. vartaman men tappa pradarshan ke paridrishy men jab kalakaron ki bat ati hai to nissndeh sabase shanadar mana jata hai, vidushi malini rajurkar ko. sattar ke dashak se inhonne is shaili ko janapriy banane men mahattvapoorn yogadan diya hai. apani spasht v ujjval tanon se n keval inhonne kee utkrisht prastutiyan di hain, balki tappon men 'moorchhana' jaisi takanikon ka prayog karake is shaili ko ek naya roop pradan kiya hai.

gayak tatha gayika

isake atirikt gvaliyar gharane se arati ankalikar, asha khadilakar, shashvati mndal pal jaisi gayikaon ne is gayan shaili ko lokapriy banaya hai. banaras gharane se bade ramadasaji, siddheshvari devi, girija devi, pndit ganesh prasad mishr tatha rajan v sajan mishr jaise diggajon ne bhi is shaili men ullekhaniy prastutiyan di hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 tappa (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2012.

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