बिदेसिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bidesiya uttar pradesh ke poorvi zilon men, visheshakar baliya, devariya tatha bihar ke pashchimi zilon (ara aur chhapara) men prachalit atynt lokapriy git hain. ye sadharan janata ki jihva par sada nachate rahate hain. bhojapuri pradesh men bidesiya natak ka itana adhik prachar v lokapriyata hai ki sahastron ki snkhya men gramin janata isake abhinay ko dekhane ke lie upasthit hoti hai.

rachayita

in suprasiddh 'bidesiya' giton ke rachayita bhikhari thakur the, jo bihar ke chhapara zile ke nivasi the. bhikhari thakur ne apana parichay dete hue svayn likha hai ki- "jati ke hajam mor kutubapur h mokam, chhapara se tin mil diyara men babooji. purub ke kona par gnga ke kinare par, jati pesa bate vidya nahin bate babooji." isase pata chalata hai ki bhikhari thakur ek anapadh lokakavi the, parntu unaki pratibha badi vilakshan thi.[1] bidesiya bichhoh aur milan ki abhilasha ke git hain, jinamen lokanayak nayika ke man ki aturata ka sahaj chitran hota hai, jisamen alnbh bhi hota hai. utarati gahari sunasan rat men bidesiya giton ki tanen sunane valon ko baichen kar deti hain.

natak

bhikhari thakur ne 'bidesiya' namak natak ki rachana ki hai, jisaki katha snkshep men is prakar hai-

"koee vyakti jivikoparjan ke lie videsh (kalakatta, rngoon) jata hai. vahan jakar vah apane ghar ki sabhi sudh-budh bhool jata hai. usaki stri usake viyog ke karan anek kasht sahan karati hai. ant men kisi batohi ke dvara vah apana du:khad sandesh pati ke pas bhejati hai, jise sunakar vah apani naukari chhodakar ghar laut ata hai."

git

uparokt katha ko bhikhari thakur ne bada hi sundar natakiy roop diya hai. isi natak men vah suprasiddh git upalabdh hota hai, jo 'bidesiya' git ke nam se prakhyat hai. choonki is git ki pratyek pnkti men 'bidesiya' ka nam ata hai, at: is lokagit ko 'bidesiya' ke nam se abhihit kiya jata hai. is git ki kuchh pnktiyan is prakar hain[1]-

"gavana karai siyan ghar bithavale se apane chalele parades re bidesiya.
chadhati javaniyan bairin bhili hamari se ke mor harihain kales re bidesiya॥
dinavan bite la siyan batiya johat tor ratiya biteli jagi-jagi re bidesiya.
ghari-rati gile pahar rat gile se dhadhake karejaba men agi re bidesiya.."

is git men birah ki tivr vynjana payi jati hai. lok kavi ne virah-vedana ki jo anubhooti dikhayi hai, usaki upalabdhi anyatr kathin hai. samast git karun ras se otaprot hai, jisaka prabhav shrotaon ke hriday par amit roop se padata hai.

lokapriyata

bhojapuri pradesh men bidesiya natak ka itana adhik prachar v lokapriyata hai ki sahastron ki snkhya men gramin janata isake abhinay ko dekhane ke lie upasthit hoti hai. apani yuvavastha men bhikhari thakur in abhinayon men svayn bhag lete the. ab unake shishyon ne anek natak mandaliyon ki sthapana ki hai, jo is natak ka abhinay karati hain. bhikhari thakur ke 'bidesiya' natak ki nakal par anek 'bidesiya' namak natakon ki rachana bhi ho gayi hai, jinamen se nathasharan pandey ki kriti adhik prasiddh hai. bhikhari thakur ne is natak ko likhakar us natak-sampraday ki pratishtha ki hai, jo 'bidesiya' ke nam se vikhyat hai.[1]

is natak men samajik buraiyon, visheshakar 'bal vivah' tatha 'vriddh vivah' ki aur janata ka dhyan unhin ki boli bhojapuri men akarshit kiya gaya hai. isaki bhasha badi pranjal, saras evn madhur hai. yahi karan hai ki yah natak janata ko itana priy hai.


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adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 hindi sahity kosh, bhag 1 |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: daau. dhirendr varma |prishth snkhya: 432 |

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