धमार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dhamar (angrezi: Dhamar) ek vishesh gayan shaili hai jisaki utpatti men braj ka bahut mahattv hai. hori gayan ka prachalan braj ke kshetr men lok-git ke roop men bahut kal se chala ata hai. is lokagit men varny-vishay radha-krishn ke holi khelane ka rahata tha. ras shrringar tha aur bhasha thi braj. gramon ke unmukt vatavaran men drut gati ke dipachndi, dhumali aur kabhi addha jaisi tal men yuvak-yuvatiyon, praudh aur vriddhon, sabhi ke dvara yah lokagit gae aur nache jate the. braj ke snpoorn kshetr men rasiya aur holi jan-jan men vyapt hai. lok sngit hi parishkrit hokar shastriy niyamon men bndh jata hai, tab shastriy sngit kahalata hai. deshi gan, bhasha gan, dhamar gan, thumari adi isake udaharan hain. lok sngit jan-jan ki bhavana ka pratik hai.

Blockquote-open.gif gat ek shatabdi men dhamar ke shreshth gayak narayan shasri, dharmadas ke putr baharam khan, pn. lakshmanadas, giddhaur vale mohammad ali khan, alam khan, agara ke gulam abbas khan aur udayapur ke dagar bndhu adi hue hain. khyal gayakon ke vartaman gharanon men se keval agara ke ustad faiyaz khan nom-tom se alap karate the aur dhamar gayan karate the. Blockquote-close.gif

shuruat

hamare shreshth acharyon ne isaka anubhav kiya hai aur lok sngit ko niyamon men bandhakar parishkar karake shastriy roop men prastut kiya hai. pndrahavin shatabdi ke ant aur solahavin shatabdi ke prarnbh tak kavvali, gazal gayan kafi prachalit ho ge the. shastriy sngit ke nam par khyal gayaki, jisako ham chhota khyal kahate hain aur pachas varsh poorv ke sngitgy thumari paddhati ka khyal kahate the, prachalit ho gaya tha. jaunapur ke sharki sultanon dvara khyal ka prachar-prasar kiya gaya. yah gayaki saral thi v drut gati men gaee jati thi. janata ka akarshit karake muslim prabhav aur snskar dal rahi thi. snbhavatah inhin karanon se prabhavit hokar manasinh tomar aur nayak baijoo ne dhamar gayaki ki ninv dali. unhonne hori namak lokagit braj ka liya aur usako gyan ki agni men tapakar dhal diya. prachin charachari prabndh ke sanche men, jo charachari tal men hi gae jate the. hori gayan ka priy tal adi chachar (charachari) dipachndi ban gaya. hori ki bndish to poorvavat rahi, vah vibhinn ragon men nibaddh kar di gee. gayan shaili vahi lok sngit ke adhar par pahale vilnbit ant men drut gati men poorvadharit tal se hat kar kaharava tal men hoti hai aur shrota ko rasavibhoot kar deti hai.

vibhinn kalakaron ka yogadan

nayak baijoo ne dhamaron ki rachana chhoti ki. isaki gayan shaili ka adhar dhrupad jaisa hi rakha gaya. varny-vishay matr phag se snbndhit aur ras shrringar tha, vah bhi snyog. viyog shrringar ki dhamar bahut kam prapt hain. is shaili ka uddeshy hi romantik vatavaran utpann karana tha. dhruvapad ki tarah alap, phir bndish gaee jati thi. pad gayan ke bad lay-bant pradhan upaj hoti thi. vibhinn prakar ki layakariyon se gayak shrotaon ko chamatkrit karata tha. pakhavaji ke sath ladnt hoti thi. sam ki lukachhipi ki jati thi. shreshth kalakar gey padanshon ke svar sanniveshon men bhi antar karake shrotaon ko rasamagn karate the. is prakar dhamar ka janm hua aur yah gayan shaili desh bhar ke sngitgyon men phail gee. sabhi shreshth kalakaron ne ise gaya. gat ek shatabdi men dhamar ke shreshth gayak narayan shasri, dharmadas ke putr baharam khan, pn. lakshmanadas, jinaki rachi dhamaren marakunnagamat men lakhanadas ke nam se ankit hain, giddhaur vale mohammad ali khan, alam khan, agara ke gulam abbas khan aur udayapur ke dagar bndhu adi hue hain. khyal gayakon ke vartaman gharanon men se keval agara ke ustad faiyaz khan ki nom-tom se alap karate the aur dhamar gayan karate the.

vadyon ka prayog

isi prakar samay ke sath-sath hi mridng aur vina vadan men bhi parivartan hota gaya. mridng aur vina prachin kal se hi adhikanshataya gitanugat hi bajaee jati thin. mukt vadan bhi hota tha. mridng aur vinavadakon ne bhi dhrupad aur dhamar gayaki ke anuroop apane ko dhala. vina men dhrupadanuroop alap, jodalap, vilnbit lay ki gaten, tan, paranen aur jhala adi bajae ge. dhamar ke anuroop pakhavaji se lay-bant ki ladnt shuroo huee. pakhavaji ne bhi dhrupad-dhamar men prayukt talon men bhi abhyas kiya, sath snyat ke lie vibhinn talon aur layon ki paranon ko racha. gayan shaili vahi lok sngit ke adhar par pahale vilnbit ant men drut gati men poorvadharit tal se hat kar kaharava tal men hoti hai aur shrota ko rasavibhoot kar deti hai. varny-vishay matr phag se snbndhit aur ras shrringar tha, vah bhi snyog. viyog shrringar ko dhamar bahut kam sthan prapt hain. dhrupad ki tarah alap, phir bndish gaee jati thi. pad gayan ke bad lay-bant pradhan upaj hoti thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika-tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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