समूहगीत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

samoohagit bharat men janm, vivah adi ke shubh avasaron par gae jate hain. lok jivan prarambh se hi samoohik raha hai, at: utsav, ullas, kary-vyapar men samoohikata sada se spasht rahi hai. sam-gan samoohaparak tha. stutiyan samoohik thin. jis snskriti kal men vyakti ek alag ikaee n hokar samaj ka avichchhinn ang aur anshamatr tha, us samay hi samoohagit ka udbhav aur vikas hua.

gayan

snskaron ke avasar samoohik jivan ki chetana ko hi spasht karate hain. janm, vivah adi ke avasaron par aise git gaye jate hain. samajik jivan ki vichchhinnata ke karan in giton ki pratha kramash: kam hoti ja rahi hai. karmakaron ka samooh apane shram ko bhulava dene ke lie samoohik roop se gayan karata hai, jaise ropani ke git, bnjaron ke tin, navikon ke git adi. in giton men se kuchh men vargagit bhi a jate hain, kyonki vargagat bhavanaon aur dharanaon ki abhivyakti rahati hai. samrihagit men samoohik gayan, arthath gayan paddhati par vichar kiya jata hai aur vargagit men abhivyakti aur vicharadhara par. samoohik roop se gaye jane-vale git varg-bhavana se mukt rah sakate hain aur vargagit ka gayak akela vyakti bhi ho sakata hai.[1]

vibhajan

lokagiton ki parampara ko simit sahityik roop dene ka prayas pragativadiyon ne kiya, kyonki marks ke anusar darshan ka prayojan jivan-paddhati ka parivartan hai. at: in kaviyon ne vargagiton ki rachana ke dvara bharatiy janata ki vargachetana ko ubharane ki cheshta ki. is drishti se vargagit do vargon men vibhajit kie ja sakate hain-

  1. varg vishesh ki dharana ko vyakt karane vale git.
  2. varg chetana ko ubharane ke lie likhe gaye git.

pratham koti ke git anayas aur achetan bhav se dharana aur bhavana ko abhivyakt karate hain aur doosare prakar ke git sayas evn bauddhikatamoolak siddhantavadi hain. pratham prakar ke giton ke rachayita agyat-kul-shil vyakti the aur doosare prakar ke gitakar marksavad aur vargasiddhant ke sachesht upadeshak aur vyakhyata hai. 'charchari' ka arth chauraha hai, at: chaurahon par gaye jane vale samoohik git ka nam charchari hua. holi, phag adi utsav sambandhi git bhi samavet roop men gaye jate hain aur ve samoohagit hain.[1]

samajagit

samajagit bhi samoohik git ka ek ansh hai. samooh men samoohik gayan ki paddhati par bal hai to samajagit men samooh ki samajik parinati ki sakanksh abhivyakti. bharatiy samaj vibhinn staron, jatiyon aur sampradayon men vibhakt hai. prabhati, vaivahik git adi shuddh samoohik git hain, kintu krishi sambandhi giton men adhik samajagit hai, kyonki inamen krishak samaj ki samasyaon, ashaon, nirashaon ki abhivynjana rahati hai.

vibhinn jatiyon ke sambndh vale git bhi samajagit ke antargat ate hain. inake atirikt ek prakar ke samajagit hain, jo vibhinn dharmik sampradayon men prachalit hain. 'nirgun' namak git isi parampara ka dyotak hai. 'jogida' isi prakar ka ek git-bhed hai, jo bad men chalakar vikrit ho gaya. samoohagiton ka ek vibhed utsavagit hai, jinaka sambndh vishesh utsavon aur parvon se hai. samoohik jivan aur lokamanas ka parichay inake dvara milata hai. holi isaka anyatam udaharan hai, jise 'phag' bhi kahate hain. snt sahity men isaka nam basnt bhi hai. kabir ne apani holi men atma-paramatma ki milanotkantha aur annd ka varnan kiya hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 hindi sahity kosh, bhag 1 |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: daau. dhirendr varma |prishth snkhya: 733 |

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