Makhanchor.jpg bharatakosh ki or se ap sabhi ko krishn janmashtami ki hardik shubhakamanaen Makhanchor.jpg

आर्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ary prajati ki adi bhoomi ke snbndh men abhi tak vidvanon men bahut matabhed hain. bhasha vaigyanik adhyayan ke prarnbh men pray: bhasha aur prajati ko abhinn manakar ekodbhav (monojenik) siddhant ka pratipadan hua aur mana gaya ki bharopiy bhashaon ke bolane valon ke poorvaj kahin ek hi sthan men rahate the aur vahin se vibhinn deshon men ge. bhasha vaigyanik sakshyon ki apoornata aur anishchitata ke karan yah adi bhoomi kabhi madhy eshiya, kabhi pamir-kashmir, kabhi astriya-hngari, kabhi jarmani, kabhi svidan-narve aur aj dakshin roos ke ghas ke maidanon men dhoondhi jati hai. bhasha aur prajati anivary roop se abhinn nahin. aj aryon ki vividh shakhaon ke bahoodbhav (paaulijenik) hone ka siddhant bhi prachalit hota ja raha hai jisake anusar yah avashyak nahin ki ary-bhasha-parivar ki sabhi jatiyan ek hi manav vnsh ki rahi hon. bhasha ka grahan to snpark aur prabhav se bhi hota aya hai, kee jatiyon ne to apani mool bhasha chhodakar vijatiy bhasha ko poornat: apana liya hai. jahan tak bharatiy aryon ke udgam ka prashn hai, bharatiy sahity men unake bahar se ane ke snbndh men ek bhi ullekh nahin hai.

parnpara aur anushruti

kuchh logon ne parnpara aur anushruti ke anusar madhyadesh (sthoon) (sthanvishvar) tatha kajngal (rajamahal ki pahadiyan) aur himalay tatha vindhy ke bich ka pradesh athava aryavart (uttar bharat) hi aryon ki adi bhoomi mana hai. pauranik parnpara se vichchhinn keval rigved ke adhar par kuchh vidvanon ne saptasindhu (simant evn pnjab) ko aryon ki adi bhoomi mana hai. lokamany bal gngadhar tilak ne rigved men varnit dirgh ahoratr, pralnbit usha adi ke adhar par aryon ki mool bhoomi ko dhruv pradesh men mana tha. bahut se yooropiy vidvanh aur unake anuyayi bharatiy vidvanh ab bhi bharatiy aryon ko bahar se aya hua manate hain. ab aryon ke bharat ke bahar se ane ka siddhant galat siddh kar diya gaya hai. aisa mana jata hai ki is siddhant ka pratipadan karake angrez aur yooropiy log bharatiyon men yah bhavana bharana chahate the ki bharatiy log pahale se hi gulam hain.

ary shabd ka arth

snskrit bhasha ke shabd 'ary' ka arth hota tha- 'kulin aur sabhy'. isaliye purane itiharakaron, jaise maiksamoolar ne adim aur adhunik hind-yooropiy bhasha bolane vali jatiyon ka nam "ary" rakh diya. ye nam yooropiy logon ko qafi pasand aya aur jald hi sabhi yoorop vasiyon ne apane-apane deshon ko prachin aryon ki janmabhoomi batana shuroo kar diya. khasataur par hitalar ne yah pracharit kiya ki prachin aryon ki janmabhoomi jarmani hi hai, aur ary ka arth shuddh nasl ka manushy hai, jisaki tvacha gori, qad lamba, ankhe nili aur bal sunahare hain. hitalar ke mutabik jarman log hi sarvochch aur sarvashaktiman nasl ke hain aur khas taur par yahoodi log ghatiya nasl ke aur anary hain. british logon ne pracharit kiya ki lagabhag 1700 ee. poo. men hind-ary kabilon ne yoorop se akar sindhu ghati men akraman kiya aur bharat ki deshi sindhu ghati sabhyata ko ujad diya aur usake nivasiyon ka narasnhar kiya aur bad men bache-khuche logon ko gulam bana liya, jinako rigved men das aur dasyu kaha gaya hai. is tarah vah apane upaniveshavad ko sahi thaharana chahate the.[1]

ary shabd ka prayog pahale snpoorn manav ke arth men hota tha phir uchch aur nimn athava shramik varg men antar dikhane ke lie ary varn aur anary athava shoodr varn ka prayog hone laga. aryon ne apani samajik vyavastha ka adhar varn ko banaya aur samaj char varnon men vritti aur shram ke adhar par vibhakt hua. riksnhita men charon varnon ki utpatti aur kary ka ullekh is prakar hai :
brahrinoasy mukhamasidh bahoo rajany: krit:.
ooroo tadasy yadvaishy: padabhyan shoodroajayat.. [2]

samajik vibhajan

ajakal ki bhasha men ye varg bauddhik, prashasakiy, vyavasayik tatha shramik the. mool men inamen taralata thi. ek hi parivar men kee varn ke log rahate aur paraspar vivahadi snbadh aur bhojan, pan adi hote the. kramash: ye varg paraspar varjanashil hote ge. ye samajik vibhajan ary parivar ki pray: sabhi shakhaon men pae jate hain, yadyapi inake namon aur samajik sthiti men deshagat bhed milate hain. prarnbhik ary parivar pitrisattatmak tha, yadyapi adity aditi se utpann), daity (diti se utpann) adi shabdon men matrisatta ki dhvani vartaman hai. dnpati ki kalpana men pati patni ka grihasthi ke oopar saman adhikar paya jata hai. parivar men putr janm ki kamana ki jati thi. dayitv ke karan kanya ka janm parivar ko gnbhir bana deta tha, kintu usaki upeksha nahin ki jati thi. ghosha, lopamudra, apala, vishvavara adi striyan mantradrashta rishi pad ko prapt huee thin. vivah pray: yuvavastha men hota tha. pati-patni ko paraspar nirvachan ka adhikar tha. vivah dharmik krityon ke sath snpann hota tha, jo paravarti brahri vivah se milata julata tha.

aryon ke adi sthal soochi

aryon ke adi sthal hadappakalin nadiyon ke kinare base nagar vibhinn vidvanon dvara sindhu sabhyata ka kal nirdharan
adi (mool) sthan mat nagar nadi / sagar tat kal vidvan
saptasaindhav kshetr daau. avinash chndr, daau. snpoornanand
brahmarshi desh pn. gnganath jha
madhy pradesh daau. rajabali pandey
kashmir el. di. kall
devika pradesh (multan) di. es. trivedi
uttari dhruv pradesh bal gngadhar tilak
hngari (yoorop) (denyoob nadi ki ghati) pi. gails
dakshini roos neharing gardan chailds
jarmani penka
yoorop philippo sesseti, sar viliyam jons
pamir evn baiktriya edavard meyar evn olden varg je. ji. rod
madhy eshiya maiksamoolar
tibbat dayanand sarasvati
himalay (manas) ke. ke. sharma
mohanajodado sindhu nadi
hadappa ravi nadi
ropad sataluj nadi
kalibnga ghagghar nadi
lothal bhogava nadi
sutkagenador dasht nadi
valakot arab sagar
sotkakoh arab sagar
alamagirapur hindan nadi
rngapur madar nadi
kotadiji sindhu nadi
3500 - 2700 ee.poo. madhosvaroop vats
3250 - 2750 ee.poo. jaaun marshal
2900 ee.poo. - 1900 ee.poo. dels
2800 - 2500 ee.poo. arnest maike
2500 - 1500 ee.poo. martimar hvilar
2350 - 1700 ee.poo. si. je. gaid
2300 ee.poo. - 1750 ee.poo. di. pi. agraval
2000 - 1500 ee.poo. pheyar sarvis

aryon ka prachinatam sahity

prarnbhik ary snskriti men vidya, sahity aur kala ka ooncha sthan hai. bharopiy bhasha gyan ke sashakt madhyam ke roop men vikasit huee. isamen kavy, dharm, darshan adi vibhinn shastron ka uday hua. aryon ka prachinatam sahity ved bhasha, kavy aur chintan, sabhi drishtiyon se mahattvapoorn hai.

ary aur das

aryon brahmanakumarayo:[3] sootr men ary-brahman aur aryakumar shabd ae hain. ary brahman pad mntriparishad ke pradhan mntri ke liye evn aryakumar pad yuvaraj ke lie prayukt hota tha. 'brahmanamishro raja' pad men raja aur usake pradhan sahayak ka jo brahman mntri hota tha, ullekh hai.[4] yahi ary-brahman kahalata tha.[5]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi ek garv gatha (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 02 sitambar, 2013.
  2. riksnhita 10..90.22 (is virat purush ke mukh se brahman , bhujaon se kshatriy, jngha se vaishy aur charan se shoodr utpann hua.
  3. 3.2.58
  4. mishro chanupasargamasndhau, 6.2.145
  5. paninikalin bharat |lekhak: vasudevasharan agraval |prakashak: chaukhamba vidyabhavan, varanasi-1 |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 93 |

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