मुअन जो दड़ो  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

muan jo dado
muan jo dado ke avashesh
vivaran muan jo dado jisaka arth 'murdon ka tila hai' 2600 eesa poorv ki ek suvyavasthit nagariy sabhyata thi.
rajy sindh prant, pakistan
sthapana mohanajodado ke tilon ka 1922 ee. men khojane ka shrey 'rakhaladas banarji' ko prapt hua.
snbndhit lekh sindhu nadi, hadappa
avashesh mohanajodado se prapt avasheshon men kumbhakaron ke 6 'bhatton ke avashesh', 'sooti kapada', 'hathi ka kapal khand', gale hue 'tanben' ke dher, 'sipi ki bani huee patari' evn 'kanse ki nrityarat nari' ki moorti ke avashesh mile hain.
smarak is sabhyata ka sarvadhik ullekhaniy smarak brihatsnanagar hai. isaka vistar poorv se pashchim ki or 32.9 mitar tatha uttar se dakshin ki or 54.86 mitar hai. isake madhy men sthit snanakund 11.89 mitar lamba, 7.01 mitar chauda evn 2.44 mitar gahara hai.

muan jo dado / mohanajodado jisaka arth 'murdon ka tila hai' 2600 eesa poorv ki ek suvyavasthit nagariy sabhyata thi. hadappa, meharagadh aur lothal ki hi shrinkhala men mohanajodado men bhi puratattv utkhanan kiya gaya. yahan misr aur mesopotamiya jaisi hi prachin sabhyata ke avashesh mile hai.

itihas

is sabhyata ke dhvnsavashesh pakistan ke sindh prant ke 'larakana zile' men sindhu nadi ke dahine kinare par prapt hue hain. yah nagar qarib 5 kimi ke kshetr men phaila hua hai. mohanajodado ke tilon ka 1922 ee. men khojane ka shrey 'rakhaladas banarji' ko prapt hua. yahan poorv aur pashchim (nagar ke) disha men prapt do tilon ke atirikt sarvajanik sthalon men ek 'vishal snagar' evn mahattvapoorn bhavanon men ek vishal 'annagar' (jisaka akar 150x75 mi. hai) ke avashesh mile hain, sambhavatah yah 'annagar' mohanajodado ke brihad bhavanon men se ek hai. hadappa sabhyata ke bane hue vibhinn akar-prakar ke 27 prakoshth mile hain. inake atirikt sabhi bhavan evn purohit avas ke dhvnsavashesh bhi sarvajanik sthalon ki shreni men ate hain. purahit avas vrihatsnanagar ke uttar-poorv men sthit tha.

durg tila

mohanajodado ke pashchimi bhag men sthit durg tile ko 'stoop tila' bhi kaha jata hai. kyonki yahan par kushan shasakon ne ek stoop ka nirman karavaya tha. mohanajodado se prapt any avasheshon men, kumbhakaron ke 6 'bhatton ke avashesh', 'sooti kapada', 'hathi ka kapal khand', gale hue 'tanben' ke dher, 'sipi ki bani huee patari' evn 'kanse ki nrityarat nari' ki moorti ke avashesh mile hain. 'rana thundee' ke nimn stariy dharatal ki khudaee se 'ghode ke dant' ke avashesh mile hain jo snbhavatah sabhyata evn snskriti se anek shatabdi poorv ke pratit hote hain. mohanajodado nagar ke 'ech ar' kshetr se jo manav prastar moortiyan mile hain, usamen se -

bauddh stoop, mohanajodado
  • dadhi yukt sir vishesh ullekhaniy hain.
  • mohanajodado ke antim charan se nagar kshetr ke andar makanon tatha sarvajanik margo par 42 knkal ast-vyast dasha men pade hue mile hain.
  • isake atirikt mohanajodado se lagabhag 1398 muharen (mudraen) prapt huee hain jo kul lekhan samagri ka 56.67 pratishat ansh hai.
  • patthar ke bane moortiyon men sarvadhik mahattvapoorn shailakhadi se bana 19 semi. lamba 'purohit' ka dhad hai.
  • choona patthar ka bana ek purush ka sir (14 semi.),
  • shailakhadi se bani ek moorti vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hai.
  • isake atirikt any avashesho men- sooti v ooni kapade ka sakshy, 'proto-astrolayad' ya 'kakeshiyan' jati ke tin sir mile hain. kubadavale bail ki akriti yukt muhare, bartan pakane ke chhah bhatte, ek bartan par nav ka bana chitr tha, jalidar alnkaran yukt mitti ka bart, gili mitti par kapade ka sakshy, pashupati shiv ki moorti, dhyan ki akriti vali mudra ullekhaniy hain.
  • mohanajodado ki ek mudra par ek akriti hai jisamen adha bhag 'manav' ka hai adha bhag 'bagh' ka hai. ek silabatta tatha mitti ka tarajoo bhi mila hai.
  • mohanajodado se prapt pashupati ki muhar par bail ka chitr ankit nahin hai.
  • mohanajodado se abhi tak samadhi kshetr (agar koee tha) ke vishay men janakari nahin hai.
  • mohanajodado ke nagar ke andar shav visarjan ke do prakar ke sakshy mile hain-
  1. anshik shavadhan aur
  2. poorn samadhikaran (dafanana).

brihatsnanagar

brihatsnanagar, muan jo dado

is sabhyata ka sarvadhik ullekhaniy smarak brihatsnanagar hai. isaka vistar poorv se pashchim ki or 32.9 mitar tatha uttar se dakshin ki or 54.86 mitar hai. isake madhy men sthit snanakund 11.89 mitar lamba, 7.01 mitar chauda evn 2.44 mitar gahara hai. is jalakund ke andar pravesh karane ke lie dakshini aur uttari siron par 2.43 mitar chaudi sidhiyan banaee gee thi. pharsh pakki eeton ka bana hua tha. snanagar ke pharsh ki dhal dakshin se pashchim ki or hai. kund ke charon or baramade evn inake pichhe anek chhote-chhote kamare nirmit the. kamare snbhavatah dumnjile the, kyonki oopar jane ke lie sidhiyan bhi mili hain. 'maike' mahoday ka vichar tha ki in kamaron men purohit rahate the. kund ke poorv men sthit ek kamare se eeton ki dohari pnkti se bane ek koop ka ullekh mila hai jo sambhavatah snanagar hetu jal ki apoorti karata tha. 'maike' ne is 'brihatasnanagar ka nirman dharmik avasaron par janata ke snan hetu kiya gaya' bataya. 'marshal' ne is nirman ko tatkalin vishv ka ek 'ashcharyajanak nirman' bataya.

annagar

snanagar ke pashchim men sthit annagar sambhavatah mohanajodadon ki sabase badi imarat thi. yah sampoorn hadappa snskriti mala men nirmit paki eeton ki vishalatam snrachana hai. annagar 45.72 mitar lamba evn 22.86 mitar chauda hai. isamen hava ke sncharan ki bhi vyavastha thi. isaka mukhy pravesh dvar nadi ki taraph tha, jisase anaj ko lakar rakhane men suvidha hoti hogi. 'hvilar' ne ise annagar ki sngya di. kuchh itihasakaron ne ise 'rajakiy bhandar' kaha.

sabha bhavan

pradhan anushthanakarta mohanajodado 2000 ee.poo.
  • durg ke dakshin men 27.43 mitar vargakar ka ek vishal sabha bhavan ke dhvnsavashesh mile hai jisaki chhaten 20 stambhon par rooki hain.
  • sambhavatah dharmik sabhaon hetu isaka upayog kiya jata tha.
  • 'marshal' ne isaki tulana 'bauddh gupha mndir' se ki.
  • 'maike' ne isaka upayog 'bazar' ke lie batalaya .
  • bharatiy itihasakar 'dikshit' ne isaka prayog dharm charcha ke lie batalaya.
  • snanagar ke uttar-poorv men se 70.01x23.77 mitar akar ek vishal bhavan ka avashesh mila hai jisamen 10 mitar vargakar ka ek angan evn anek kamare nirmit hain.
  • yah bhavan sambhavatah 'purohit avas' evn any mahattvapoorn adhikariyon ka nivas sthan tha.
  • 'maike' ne ise 'purohit' jaise vishisht logon ke nivas hetu nirmit bataya hai.

bandaragah athava godi bada (Dock Yard)

bandaragah lothal ki mahattvapoorn upalabdhiyon men se hai. is bandaragah par misr tatha mesopotamiya se jahaz ate jate the. isaka ausat akar 214x36 mitar evn gaharaee 3.3 mitar hai. isake uttar men 12 mitar chauda ek pravesh dvar nirmit tha. jisase hokar jahaz ate-jate the. atirikt pani ke nikas ki bhi vyavastha is bndaragah men thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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