मैक्स मूलर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maiks moolar
yuvavastha men maiks moolar
poora nam fridarik maiks moolar
janm 6 disambar, 1823
janm bhoomi deso nagar, jarmani
mrityu 28 aktoobar, 1900
mrityu sthan inglaind
abhibhavak vilhem moolar (pita)
karm bhoomi inglaind
mukhy rachanaen 'histri av enshent snskrit litarechar', 'introdakshan too d jiniyas aauv relijans', 'saikred buks aauf di eest' adi.
vidyalay laipasing vishvavidyalay
prasiddhi jarman snskrit vetta tatha bhashashastri
nagarikata british
vishesh maiks moolar ka sarvadhik mahatvapoorn kary 51 jildon men 'saikred buks aauf d eest' ka snpadan hai. yah kary 1875 men arnbh kiya gaya tha, tatha tin jildon ke atirikt samagr kary maiks moolar ke jivanakal men hi prakashit ho chuka tha.
any janakari maiks moolar ka snbndh anek yooropiy tatha eshiyaee snsthaon se tha. vah bodaliyan laibreri ka kyooretar tatha yoonivarsiti pres ka deliget tha.

fridarik maiks moolar (angrezi: Friedrich Max Muller; janm- 6 disambar, 1823, jarmani; mrityu- 28 aktoobar, 1900, inglaind) prasiddh jarman snskritavetta, prachy vidya visharad, lekhak tatha bhashashastri tha. vah british 'eest indiya kampani' men karmachari tha. janm se jarman hone ke bavajood bhi maiks moolar ne apane jivan ka adhikansh samay inglaind men vyatit kiya tha. usaka snbndh anek yooropiy tatha eshiyaee snsthaon se tha. maiks moolar ne 'bharatiy darshan' par kee rachanaen ki thin. antim dinon vah bauddh darshan men adhik ruchi rakhane laga tha tatha japan men mile anek bauddh darshanik grnthon ki gaveshana men dattachitt tha.

janm tatha shiksha

jarman snskritavetta evn bhashashastri maiks moolar ka janm jarmani ke 'deso'[1] namak nagar men 6 disambar, 1823 ee. ko hua tha. usake pita prasiddh jarman kavi vilhem moolar (1794-1827) the, jinhen hajarman muktak pragiton ki vishisht shaili 'phil-helenik' pragiton ke karan kafi khyati mili thi. jab maiks moolar matr char varsh ka hi tha, tabhi usake pita ka dehant ho gaya. usane 1841 ee. men 'laipasing vishvavidyalay' se maitrik pas kiya tha.

rigved ka mudran

san 1846 men maiks moolar inglaind pahuncha, jahan bunsen tatha profesar ech. ech. vilsan ne use rigved ke snpadan kary men paryapt sahayata pahunchaee. san 1848 men aauksaford yoonivarsiti pres men rigved ka mudran arnbh hone ke karan maiks moolar ko aauksaford ko hi apana nivas sthan banana pada. bad men maiks moolar ko 1850 men vahin adhunik bhashaon ka telar pradhyapak niyukt kiya gaya aur phir 'kraist charch kaaulej' ka many sadasy (phelo) banaya gaya. vah 'al sols kaaulej' ka bhi sadasy raha.

bhashashastr ka achary

is bich maiks moolar ke kee lekh prakashit hue, jo bad men 'chips phraaum e jarman varkashap' shirshak se sngrah roop men prakashit hue. san 1859 men isaki pustak 'histri av enshent snskrit litarechar' prakashit huee. maiks moolar ka pradhan lakshy aauksaford men snskrit vibhag ka snskrit achary banana tha, kintu san 1860 men ukt sthan ke rikt hone par maiks moolar ka chunav sirph isalie nahin ho paya ki vah videshi tha aur usaka snbndh 'libaral' dal ke logon se tha. us sthan par maiks moolar ko n lekar sar moniyar viliyams ki niyukti ki gee. is ghatana se maiks moolar ko kafi dhakka pahuncha. lekin 1868 men isaki poorti ho gee aur vah vahin tulanatmak bhashashastr ka achary banaya gaya.

vyakhyan

maiks moolar ne san 1861 tatha 1863 men 'raauyal instityooshan' ke samaksh bhasha vigyan snbndhi kee vyakhyan die, jo 'lekchars aaun sayns aauv laingvejaj' ke nam se prakashit hue. yadyapi in vyakhyanon ke nishkarsh tatha tark paddhati ka htini jaise bhashashastriyon ne kafi virodh kiya, tathapi maiks moolar ke in vyakhyanon ka bhasha vaigyanik pragati ke itihas men atyadhik mahatv hai. maiks moolar ne bhasha vigyan ko 'bhautik vigyan' ki koti men mana hai, jabaki yah vastut: aitihasik ya samajik vigyan ki ek vidha hai. maiks moolar ne bhashashastri ke liye snskrit ke adhyayan ki avashyakata ko itana mahatv diya ki unake shabdon men snskrit-gyan-shoony tulanatmak bhashashastri us jyotishi ke saman hai, jo ganit nahin janata.

yooropiy bhashaon ka adhyayan

maiks moolar ne yooropiy bhashaon ka tulanatmak adhyayan bhi prastut kiya. is kary men prichard, vining, bap tatha edolph piktet ki gaveshanaon se use paryapt sahayata mili. maiks moolar ka ek any priy vishay dharmavigyan puran-katha-vigyan hai. is adhyayan ne use tulanatmak dharm ki or bhi prerit kiya. san 1873 men usane 'introdakshan too d jiniyas aauv relijans' prakashit ki. isi varsh is vishay se snbndhit vyakhyan dene ke liye vah vaist mininstar ebe men amntrit kiya gaya. bad men 1888 se 1892 tak is vishay par usaki any pustak char bhagon men prakashit huee, jo giphard lekchars ke roop men die ge bhashan hain.

mahatvapoorn kary

maiks moolar ka sarvadhik mahatvapoorn kary 51 jildon men 'saikred buks aauf di eest' (poorv ke dharmik-pavitr-grnth) ka snpadan hai. yah kary 1875 men arnbh kiya gaya tha, tatha tin jildon ke atirikt samagr kary maiks moolar ke jivanakal men hi prakashit ho chuka tha. maiks moolar ne 'bharatiy darshan' par bhi rachanaen ki thin. antim dinon vah bauddh darshan men adhik ruchi rakhane laga tha tatha japan men mile anek bauddh darshanik grnthon ki gaveshana men dattachitt tha.

nidhan

maiks moolar ka snbndh anek yooropiy tatha eshiyaee snsthaon se tha. vah bodaliyan laibreri ka kyooretar tatha yoonivarsiti pres ka deliget tha. 28 aktoobar, 1900 ko maiks moolar ka nidhan aauksaford, inglaind men hua. usaki mrityu ke bad varsh 1903 men usaki phutakar rachanaon ka sngrah prakashit hua tha.


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