bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

पह्लव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • pahlav eerani qabila tha.
  • sikandar ke samay isaka vivaran milata hai.
  • mahabharat men pahlvon ka ullekh kiya gaya hai.
  • ee. 20 men gondofairas ne samrajy ka prarambh kiya. ise 'hindi-parthiyan' rajy kaha gaya hai. bad men kushanon dvara vapas le liya gaya.
  • ee. poo. pahali shati ke ant men parthiyan namon vale kuchh shasak uttar pashchim bharat par shasan kar rahe the, jinhen bharatiy sroton men pahalav kaha gaya hai. parthiya ne bhi baiktriya ke sath hi svayn ko yoonani shasan se svatntr kiya tha aur selyookas vnshiy shasak entiyokas tritiy ko isaki svatntrata ko bhi manyata deni padi thi.
  • pahalav shakti ka vastavik snsthapak 'mithredets pratham' tha jo 'yookretaids' ka samakalin tha. sistan, kndhar, kabul men prapt kee sikkon se, chini evn roman sahity men is soochana ki pushti hoti hai ki is par baiktriya ke bad pahalavon ne rajy kiya aur lagabhag eesvin ki pahali shati ke madhy tak inaki shakti ka is pradesh men kafi bolabala tha.
  • sikkon men aise kee shasakon ke nam hain jo parthiyan hain, ye sambhavatah pahale parthiyan shasakon ke gavarnar the. bharat men pahala parthiyan shasak 'maus' hai (ee. poo. 90 se ee. poo. 70).
  • svat ki ghati tatha gndhar pradeshon men prapt sikkon men isaka nam kharoshthi lipi men 'moy' aur yoonani lipi men 'maus' likha hai. sabase shaktishali pahalav shasak gondofarnis (gundafarn) tha (20 - 41 ee.).
  • kharoshthi lipi men utkirn takhtebahi abhilekh men ise 'guduvhar' kaha gaya hai. farasi men isaka nam 'vindafarn' hai jisaka arth hai yash vijayi. usane parthiya ke samrajy ke poorvi eeran adi pradeshon ko aur yoonani raja harmiyas se uttari kabul ki ghati ko jita.
  • takhtebahi abhilekh se, peshavar zile par usaka adhikar hona spasht hai.
  • pahalav samrajy ka ant 'kushanon' ke dvara hua, yah bat do abhilekhon se spasht hoti hai. hazara zile ke 'pnjatar abhilekh' (65 ee.) men 'maharaj kushan' ka rajy likha hai.
  • 79 ee. ke 'takshashila abhilekh' men raja ke lie 'maharaj rajadhiraj devaputr kushan' likha hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

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