कुजुल कडफ़ाइसिस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shasan kal (30 ee. se 80 ee tak lagabhag)

  • kujul kadafaisis (Kujula Kadphises) kushan vnsh ka pahala shasak tha jisane pratham shatabdi men yoochi pradesh vasiyon ko ekikrat kiya aur samrajy ko badhaya. kujul kadafaisis ke bad isaka putr vim taksham (vem takhto), vim taksham ke bad usaka putr vim kadafaisis, vim kadafaisis ke bad usaka putr kanishk gaddi par baithe.
  • chini itihasakar 'syoo ma chiyan' ke anusar ek neta kujul kadafaisis ne panch vibhinn qabayali samudayon ko apane kuee shang athava kushan samuday ki adhyakshata men sngathit kiya aur vah bharat ki or badha jahan usane qabul aur kashmir men apani satta sthapit kar di. usake prarambhik sikkon par mukh bhag par antim yoonani raja harmiyas ki akriti hai aur prishth bhag par usaki apani. isaka arth yah hua ki vah pahale yoonani raja harmiyas ke adhin tha. bad ke sikkon men vah apane ko 'maharajadhiraj' kahata hai. usaki mrityu lagabhag 64 ee. men huee. usake sikke rom ke samraton ke sikkon se bahut milate julate hain.
  • kujul kadafaisis ke sikke bhi mile hain. kujul kadaifas ke sikke indo grik raja 'harameas' ke sikkon ka parivartit roop men mile hain . harameas (90-70 ee poo (Hermaeus Soter "the Saviour") ne qabul afaganistan kshetr men apani rajadhani rakhi aur hindookush par shasan kiya . isake siqqon ki naqal anek rajaon ne ki.
  • raja kujul kushan ne kis prakar dhire-dhire apani shakti ka vikas kiya, yah bat usake un sikkon ke dvara bhali-bhanti pragat ho jati hai, jo qabul v bharat ke uttar-pashchimi kone se achchhi badi snkhya men upalabdh hue hain. usake kuchh sikke aise hain, jinake ek or heramay ankit hai, aur doosari or is raja ka nam. heramay ya haramaos yavan raja tha, jo qabul ke pradesh par shasan karata tha. ek hi sikke par yavan raja heramay aur kujul kushan donon ka nam hone se itihasakaron ne yah parinam nikala hai ki prarambh men yuishi akrantaon ne qabul ke pradesh se se yavan rajavnsh ka ant hi nahin kiya tha, ve keval unase adhinata svikrit karakar hi sntusht ho ge the. kushan rajy ke qabul ke pradesh se is prakar ke bhi sikke mile hain, jin par keval 'kujul' ka nam hai, yavanaraj heramay ka nahin. isase soochit hota hai, ki bad men is pradesh se yavan shasan ka ant ho gaya tha.
  • isi samay parthiyan log bhi uttar-pashchimi bharat men apani shakti ka vistar kar rahe the, aur poorvi tatha pashchimi gandhar men unhonne apana shasan sthapit kar liya tha. is pradesh ka parthiyan raja 'gudafar' (gondofairas) tha, par usake uttaradhikari parthiyan raja adhik shaktishali nahin the. unaki nirbalata se labh uthakar raja kushan ne parthiyan logon ke bharatiy rajy par akraman kar diya, aur usake anek pradeshon ko jitakar apane adhin kar liya. yadyapi kuchh nirbal parthiyan raja gudafar ke bad bhi pashchimi pnjab ke katipay pradesho par shasan karate rahe, par is samay uttar-pashchimi bharat ki rajashakti kushanon ke hath men chali gee thi.
  • raja kujul kushan ke shuroo ke sikke jo qabul ke pradesh men mile hain, unamen usake nam ke sath n raja visheshan hai, aur n koee aisa visheshan jo usaki prabal shakti ka soochak ho. par bad ke jo sikke takshashila men mile hain, unamen usaka nam is prakar ankit hai -

maharajas rajatirajas khushanas yavugas aur maharayas rayarayas devaputras kayul kar kafas adi.

  • in sikkon ke anushilan se is bat men koee sandeh nahin rah jata ki qabul, kandhar, uttar-pashchimi pnjab adi ko parthiyan rajaon se jit lene par kushan raja ki sthiti bahut oonchi ho gee thi, aur vah maharaj, rajadhiraj adi upadhiyon se vibhooshit ho gaya tha. usake nam ke sath devaputr visheshan se yah bhi soochit hota hai ki bharat ke sampark men akar usane bauddh dharm ko svikrit kar liya tha. usake kuchh sikko par usake nam ke sath dhramathid visheshan bhi prayukt hua hai, jo dharmasthal ka apabhrnsh hai.
  • kujul kushan ne sudirgh samay tak rajy kiya. usaki mrityu assi sal ki ayu men huee thi. isilie vah apane shasanakal men ek chhote se raja se unnati karata hua ek vishal samrajy ka svami ho saka tha. is raja ke shasan ke samay ke sambandh men bhi itihasakaron men anek mat hain.

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