डेरियस प्रथम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

deriyas pratham athava 'dara pratham' athava 'darayabahu' (lagabhag ee. poo. 522-486) eeran ke akhamani vnsh ka tisara sabase shaktishali aur itihas prasiddh raja tha. use itihas men dharmik sahishnuta tatha apane shilalekhon ke lie jana jata hai. vah farasi samrajy ke snsthapak 'sairas' ke bad akhamani vnsh ka sabase prabhavashali shasak mana jata hai.

rajagaddi tatha vidroh

kanbisis ke bad histaspis ka ladaka 'deriyas pratham' ya 'dara pratham' parshiya ki gaddi par baitha. use prarnbh men jabaradast vidrohiyon ka samana karana pada tha. vidrohiyon men sabase prabal 'gaumata' nam ka ek vyakti tha, jisane eeran ke sinhasan par adhikar kar liya tha. lekin deriyas ke sahayakon ne shighr hi gaumata ka vadh kar diya. isake bad bhi parshiya ke anek pranton ne deriyas pratham ke viruddh vidroh kar svatntr hone ka prayatn kiya. elam, baibiloniya, midiya, arminiya, lidiya evn misr tatha parshiya tak men vidroh hue, lekin sahasi aur pratibhashali deriyas pratham ne samast vidrohiyon ko kuchalakar parasik samrajy ko pun: sudridh kar diya. lagabhag tin varsh use vidroh dabane men lage. isake bad faras ke vistrit samrajy men shanti sthapit ho gee.

samrajy

deriyas pratham ke bahistan abhilekh (lagabhag ee. poo. 519) men gndhar ke logon ko bhi usaki praja bataya gaya hai. 'hamadan', 'parasipolis' tatha 'naksherustam' se prapt usake ek any abhilekh men bharatiyon ka ullekh bhi usaki praja ke roop men kiya gaya hai. herodotas ke anusar gndhar usake samrajy ka satavan prant aur bharat arthath sindhu ghati bisavan prant tha. deriyas pratham ko apane bharatiy samrajy se kafi rajasv prapt hota tha aur sath hi yahan par se usaki sena ke lie sainik bhi bheje jate the. is prakar bharat aur faras ke bich atyant prachin kal se hi sambandh tha, jo ki dinondin badhata hi gaya. phalasvaroop bahut se farasi shabd bharat men prachalit ho ge. faras ke vicharon ne kuchh ansh tak bharatiyon vicharon ko bhi prabhavit kiya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pustak 'bharatiy itihas kosh' prishth snkhya-201

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah