भील  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhil parivar

bhil bharat ki ek pramukh janajati hain. yah jati rajasthan rajy ki mukhy jatiyon men se ek hai. is jati ke lagabhag 39 pratishat log, jo rajasthan men banasvara ganv men basate hain, ve sabhi bhil jati ke hain. yah bharat ki tisari badi adivasi jati hai. arthik roop se is jati ke log sthayi roop se krishak, samajik drishti se pitri-sattatmak janajati evn paramparagat roop se ek achchhe tirndaj hote hain. vartaman samay men yah janajati vikas ke vibhann charanon men mani jati hai. madhy pradesh ke bhil 'jarayam pesha'ghumakkad hain, khanadesh ke krishak, gujarat ke akhetak aur krishak tatha rajasthan aur maharashtr men ye bhramanakari akhetak, sthayi krishak athava mazadoori men lage hue hain.

striyan

bhil jati ki striyan bahut hi snkirn vicharon ki hoti hain, parantu un ko hathi dant, lakh, chandi aur kanse ke gahane pahanane ka bahut shauq hota hai. kisi bhi bhil aurat ko zaroori gahanon ke bina kabhi nahin dekha ja sakata. vah sadaiv hi kuchh n kuchh gahane ke roop men avashy pahane rahati hain. 'borala', jise ve mathe par pahanati hain; 'jhila', jo sir ke sire se kanon par latakate hain. phir 'pnde', jo kan ke bahari upari hisse men tin ki snkhya men pahane jate hain; phir 'karnaphool' jo kanon men chhed karakar pahane jate hain; phir 'tussa' ya 'bazar batti' arthath choodiyan bhi hoti hain. is jati ke logon men chahe ladaki ho ya ladaka padhane ke lie kisi ko bhi utsahit nahin kiya jata hai. isalie unake shikshit hone ki snkhya bahut hi kam paee jati hai. isi karan log unaka fayada uthate hain aur ve ek prakar ke bandhuva mazadooron ke saman kam karate hain.

sharirik rachana

bhil janajati ke log

bhil samanyat: chhote qad ke hote hain, ausat madhyam qad 163 semi. ka, sir ki lambaee 181.1 semi. tatha chaudaee 137.4 semi. hoti hai. kapal nirdeshank madhyam, nak madhyam roop se chaudi hoti hai. chehara golaee lie chauda aur sharir poornat: vikisit hota hai. inaka rng halke bhoore se gahara kala, bal chikane tatha kale, kintu ghungharale nahin hote. ankh ka rng katthee se gahara bhoora hota hai. ankh ki putali badi, sir sidha aur chauda, honth patale se mote, thuddi gol se andakar tak, dadhi-moonchh kam, sharir par bal kam, bhaunhon ke oopar ki haddiyan, poornat: vikasit aur sharir sugathit hota hai. bhil striyon ka rng sundar, halka gehoona, sugathit sharir, gol chehara, patale honth, samanyat: chharahara-bhara badan hota hai. ye hnsamukh, mridubhashi aur chalate samay badi akarshak lagati hain.

bhojan

is jati ke logon ka mukhy bhojan gehoon, chaval, makka, kodon, dal tatha sabziyan adi hoti hain. utsav ke avasar par athava shikar karane par bakare ya bhainse ka mans, murgi ke ande, machhaliyan bhi khayi jati hain. yada-kada doodh athava chhachh ka bhi prayog kiya jata hai. ye do bar bhojan karate hain. prat:kal ke bhojan men chaval, kodon tatha sabji ya dal khate hain aur sham ko makka ki roti tatha pyaj ya koee sabji. mahua ki bani sharab tatha tad ka ras khoob piya jata hai. tambakoo aur ganje ka bhi sevan kiya jata hai. mahua ke phal, sitaphal, am, ber adi ka upayog bhi kiya jata hai.

shiksha ki sthiti

bhil log svabhav se nidar, eemanadari, atithi satkar karane vale, apane vachan ke pakke aur sidhe-sade hote hai, kintu vartaman men unaka sampark nagariy kshetron se hone ke karan ab ve bhi bahut chatur, chalak ban ge hain. inamen shiksha ka prachar bhi ho gaya hai. adhunik vesh-bhoosha bhi ye log pahanane lage hain tatha adhik sabhy hote ja rahe hain. halanki ve pichhadi huee jati ke hain aur bahut hi nirdhan hote hain, tau bhi apani ankhon ki chamak se hamesha ye hnsamukh aur khushahal pratit hote hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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