अहीर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ahir ek pashupalak jati hai, jo uttari aur madhy bharatiy kshetr men phaili huee hai. is jati ke sath bahut aitihasik mahattv juda hua hai, kyonki isake sadasy snskrit sahity men ullikhit abhir ke samakaksh mane jate hain. hindoo pauranik grnth 'mahabharat' men is jati ka bar-bar ullekh aya hai. kuchh vidvanon ka mat hai ki inhin pashupalakon ne, jo dakshini rajasthan aur sindh (pakistan) men bikhare hue hain, krishn ko gopalak ya gopal banane men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee, jo ab bhagavan krishn ki katha ka ek mahattvapoorn paksh hain.

  • 'ahir' bharat ki prachin jati hai, jo arajakata ke lie kafi prasiddh rahi hai.
  • jaton ka isase rakt sambandh tatha samajik sambandh marathon aur goojaron jaisa nikatatam hai.
  • yadav pray: 'ahir' shabd se bhi namankit hote hain, jo snbhavat: abhir jati se snbaddh rahe honge.
  • kuchh log abhiron ko anary kahate hain, parantu 'ahirak' arthath ahi tatha hari arthath nag evn hathi ke sadrish arthath krishn varni rahe honge ya ahi arthath sanp tatha ham arthath ghode arthath kale tatha tej shaktishali jati ahir kahalaee hogi. yadi inhen abhir jati se snbndhit kiya jaye to ye videshi thaharate hain.[1]
  • shrikrishn ko jat aur goojar donon hi poorv-purush manate hain. yadyapi ahiron men paraspar kuchh aisi durbhavanaen utpann ho gee hain ki ve svayn ek shakh vale, doosari shakh valon ko, apane se hin samajhate hain. lekin jaton ka sabhi ahiron ke sath chahe ve apane lie yadav, gop, nnd, abhir kahen, ek-sa vyavahar hai. jaise khan-pan men jat aur goojaron men koee bhed nahin, vaise hi ahir aur jaton men bhi koee bhed nahin.
  • itihas men inake rahane ka bhi sthan nikat-nikat batalaya gaya hai. bharat se bahar bhi jahan kahin jaton ka astitv paya jata hai, vahin ahiron ki bastiyan bhi milati hain. chin men jahan jat ko 'yoochi' nam se yad kiya gaya hai, vahin ahiron ko 'shoo' nam se pukara gaya hai.
  • eeran men jatali pradesh ke nikat hi ahiron ki bastiyan bhi paee jati hain. bharat ki maujooda ary kshatriy jatiyon men ahir sabase purane kshatriy hain. jab tak jat, rajapoot, goojar aur maratha namon ki srishti bhi nahin huee thi, ahiron ka abhyuday ho chuka tha.
  • braj men ahiron ki ek shakha gopon ka krishn-kal men jo rashtr tha, vah prajatntr pranali dvara shasit 'goparashtr' ke nam se jana jata tha.
  • nand, jisake ki yahan shrikrishn ka palan-poshan hua tha ya to ahir the ya jat. arabi yatri alabarooni ne nand ko jat hi likha hai. kuchh bhi bat ho, lekin isase yah siddh hota hai ki jat aur ahiron ke purakhe kisi ek hi bhndar ke hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. yaduvnsh (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 11 mee, 2014.

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