कोरबा जनजाति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

koraba janajati madhy pradesh men chhota nagapur se ayi hai. yah kol prajati ki janajati hai. koraba bahut hi pichhadi janajatiyon men se ek hai. yah janajati uttar pradesh ke mirjapur, madhy pradesh ke jashapur, saraguja aur bihar ke palamoo zilon men mukhy roop se payi jati hai. uttar pradesh ke koraba ka majoomadar aur palamoo ke koraba ka sandavar namak vidvanon ne vistrit adhyayan kiya tha. pahadon men rahane vale koraba 'pahadi koraba' tatha maidani kshetron ke koraba 'dih koraba' kahalate hain. mirjapur ke koraba apane ko dih koraba tatha pahadi koraba ke atirikt 'dnd koraba' shreni ka batate hain.

rng-roop

koraba janajati ke log kam oonchaee ke tatha kale rng ke hote hain. ye sharir se majaboot log hain, kintu unake pair sharir ki tulana men kuchh chhote dikhee padate hain. purushon ki ausat oonchaee 5 phit 3 inch tatha mahilaon ki 4 phit 9 inch payi jati hai. pahadi korabaon ki dadhi aur moonchhon ke alava sharir ke bal bhi bade rahate hain. sadharanat: ve kuroop dikhalaee dete hain.[1]

pnchayat

korabaon ki apani pnchayat hoti hai, jise 'maiyari' kahate hain. sare ganv ke korabaon ke bich ek pradhan hota hai, jo 'mukhiya' kahalata hai. bade-boodhe tatha samajhadar log pnchayat ke sadasy hote hain. pnchayat ka phaisala sabako many hota hai.

nivas tatha krishi

inaka ghar bahut hi sadharan hota hai. koraba janajati ke log jngal men ghas-phoos se bane chhote-chhote gharon men rahate hain. jo log ganv men bas ge hain, ve bans aur lakadi ke ghar banate aur khaparail tatha pual se chhate hain. pahadi koraba pahale 'beara' kheti bhi karate the, lekin sarakari niyamon ke tarat is prakar ki kheti par bndish hai. dih koraba sadharan kheti karate hain.

upajati

koraba janajati ki ek upajati 'korakoo' hai aur jis tarah satapuda ki doosari korakoo janajati musaee bhi kahalati hai, usi tarah korakoo bhi 'musaee' nam se pahachane jate hain. jinaka shabdik arth hai- 'chor' ya 'dakait'. kook koraba aur 'kook' ko ek hi janajati ke do upabhed manate hain. jabaki grimarsan bhasha ke adhar par unaki bhasha ko asuron ke adhik nikat pate hain. koraba logon men 'manjhi' samman soochak padavi mani jati hai. snthalon men bhi aisa hi hai.[1]

jivan-star tatha vikas

pahadi koraba madhy pradesh ki adim jatiyon men se ek hai, jisaka jivan-star tatha vikas atynt hi prarnbhik vyavastha men hai. yah unake jivan ke pratyek kriya-kalapon men dekha ja sakata hai. rahan-sahan ke mamale men ve sharirik svachchhata se koson door hain. unake sir ke bal mail ke karan rassi jaisi lataon men parivartit ho jate hain. mahilaon ke kapade bahut gnde rahete hain. sharir ke ang pratyngon par mail ki parat payi jati hai. mahilaen abhooshan ke adhar par keval lal rng ki chindiyan sir par bandh leti hai. unaki samajik manyataen bhi any adivasiyon ki tulana men kafi pichhadi huee hain, jaise- kaha jata hai ki pahadi koraba kuchh paristhitiyon men bahan se bhi vivah kar sakate hain. pahadi koraba men vivah ke lie man-bap ki anumati ki avashyakata nahin hoti hai.

andhavishvas

koraba janajati men shikar priyata ke sath shikar se snbndhit andhavishvas or tone-totake bhi hain, jaise- shikar par jate samay bachche ka rona ashubh mana jata hai. kunte ke anusar, shikar yatra par jate samay ek vyakti ne apane do varshiy bachche ko patthar par patak diya, kyonki usane rona shuroo kar daya tha. isi bhanti ve shikar ki yatra ke poorv murgon ke samane ann ke kuchh dane chhitaka dete hain. yadi murgon ne thos dane ko pahale chuna to yatra ki saphalata asndagdhi mani jati hai. koraba logon men kisi prakar ke adarsh ko mahatv nahin diya jata. jngal ka qanoon hi unaki manasikata hai. shikar yatra ke samay bachche ka rona ashubh mana jata hai.[1]

vyavasay

korabaon ke kshetron men jalaoo lakadi ka vishesh mahattv hai. shitakal men adivasi lakadiyan jalakar hi ushnata prapt karate hain. naqad paisa unhen adhikatar achar ki chiraunji se milata hai. chiraunji ki mang tatha mooly donon men lagatar vriddhi ho rahi hai. koraba log jadi-bootiyon ko bechana to door unake bare men kisi any ko batana bhi pasnd nahin karate.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 madhy pradesh ki janajatiyan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 31 aktoobar, 2012.

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