छोटा नागपुर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chhota nagapur bharat men sthit ek pathar hai jisaka zyadatar hissa jharakhnd aur kuchh hisse udisa, bihar aur chhattisagadh men phaile huye hain. yah pathar poorv kainbriyan yugin (5,4000,000, varsh se bhi adhik purani) chattanon se bana hai. ranchi, hazaribag aur kodarama ke patharon ka snyukt nam hi chhota nagapur hai. isaki mukhy visheshataon men se ek 'pat bhoomi' hai. ise 'bharat ka roor' bhi kaha jata hai, kyonki yahan snsadhanon ki prachurata hai.

kshetraphal

chhota nagapur ka kshetraphal 65,509 varg kimi isaka bada hissa ranchi ka pathar hai, jisaki ausat oonchaee 700 mitar hai. chhota nagapur ka samoocha pathar uttar men gnga aur son ke besin aur dakshin men mahanadi ke besin ke bich sthit hai; isake madhy bhag men pashchim se poorv disha men koyala kshetr vali damodar ghati gujarati hai.

utpadan

sadiyon se bhari paimane par hone vali kheti ne pathar ki adhikansh prakritik vanaspati ko nasht kar diya hai, isake bavajood ab bhi kuchh mahattvapoorn van bache hue hai. tasar resham aur lakh jaise van utpad arthik roop se mahattvapoorn hain. bharat men khanij snsadhanon ka sabase mahattvapoorn snkendran chhota nagapur men hai. damodar ghati men koyale ke vishal bhndar hain aur hazaribag zila vishv men abhrak ke pramukh stroton men se ek hai. any khanij hain-tanba, choona-patthar, baauksaeet, lauh ayask, esbestaaus aur aipatait (faausfet urvarak ke utpadan men upayogi) bokaro men ek vishal tapavidhut snyntr aur ispat karakhana hai. is pathar se gujarane vale relamarg ise dakshin-poorv men kolakata (bhoorapoorv kalakatta) aur uttar men patana se jodate hain aur dakshin tatha pashchim ke any nagaron se bhi snpark upalabdh karate hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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