मध्य भारत का पठार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

madhy bharat ka pathar bharatiy upamahadvip ke hridayasthal men sthit yah pathar snkul madhyavarti uchchabhoomi ka uttari bhag nirmit karata hai. yah lagabhag 57000 varg kimi men phaila hua hai aur isamen pashchimottar madhy pradesh tatha madhy rajasthan rajy ke adhikansh bhag shamil hain. yah pathar pashchim men poorvi rajasthan uchchabhoomi, uttar men oopari gangey maidan, poorv men bundelakhnd uchchabhoomi aur dakshin men malava ke pathar se ghira hua hai. isaki mukhy dhal uttar men yamuna ke maidanon ki or hai. uttari tatha madhy bhag chnbal, betava, ken, tons aur son nadiyon dvara apavahit hai. dakshin pashchim men sabaramati, mahi, marmada, tapti nadi tntr pramukh hain. godavari tntr dakshin poorvi bhag ko apavahit karata hai.

bhoogol

bhoo-akritiyan kshetriy vividhataen darshati hain, jinaki visheshataon men bhoo-aparadan snbndhi ashmavigyani parivartan shamil hai, jo unnayan aur bhrnshan dvara roopantarit hote hain. adhar ke shail pramukh roop se bhoo-snrachana ko prabhavit karate hain. madhy bharat ke pathar ka adhar shail besaault ki samarup snrachana se nirmit hain, apakshay ke karan kuchh sthanon par golakar shilakhndon ka nirman hua hai. pathar ki ausat lnbaee lagabhag 500 mitar hai aur isaka dhal dakshin men 602 mitar se uttar men 301 mitar tak hai. aparadan hone se kee sthanon par balua pattharon ke kagar vali ek lagabhag samatal satah nirmit ho gee hai. vindhy parvatamala ke oopari bhag se nikalane vali chnbal nadi dakshin-pashchim se poorvottar ki or ek chaudi katorinuma droni se hoti huee lnbe, snkare darre men pravesh karati hai. jahan chnbal ghati pariyojana[1] ka gandhi sagar bandh sthit hai. chnbal ghati men jngalon ki kataee aur andhadhundh charaee se gnbhir roop se bade khadde tatha aparadan vale kshetr ban ge hain. kaha jata hai ki isaki tng ghatiyon ka upayog dakaiton dvara chhipane ki jagahon ke roop men kiy jata tha. yahan ki mitti kali tatha jalodh hai. banagnga, kunvari, parabati aur kali sindh any mukhy nadiyan hain. pathar par ghas ke maidan, dakshin men saghan aur nam parnapati van, uttar men ardr parnapati van[2] am hai, jo pashchim ki or bahut kam vrikshon aur jhad jhnkar se yukt bhoomi men parivartit ho jate hain.

itihas

aitihasik kal se hi yah kshetr mool nivasiyon ka nivas sthan hai. pathari bhoomi poornatah base hue uttari maidanon aur adhik khule dakshin ke lie ot ka kary karati thi. pashchimi marg se rajasthan ki parikrama karate hue madhy ke do darron ke margon aur udisa ke tat ke nikatavarti marg se ise par kiya ja sakata tha. is kshetr ne islami shaktiyon ke karan bhage rajapoot vnsho ko rajanitik sharan di thi. isane n keval kshetr ki rajanitik vyavastha ko, balki isake maujooda arthik, samajik aur rajanitik vikas ko bhi prabhavit kiya.

janajivan

arnbhik rajanitik vyavastha janajatiy pramukhon aur rajaon ki thi. rajapoot vnsh madhyakal men is kshetr men ae aur nivas yogy nimn bhoomi par durg banae. unaka sanmati drishtikon ya to janajatiyon ne svikar kar liya ya ve aur age ki vanachchhadit pahadiyon par chale ge. gupton, mauryon aur raja harsh ka prabhav mukhyatah margon par raha pratit hota hai, jaisa sanchi, vidisha aur ujjain ki sthiti se dikhaee deta hai. bhopal, tonk, palanapur ke navabon aur sath hi marathon v mugalon ne apane mukhy samarik margon ko snghatit karane tatha rajadhani banane ke kie indaur v gvaliyar ko pasnd kiya. bharat par angrezon ke ki vijay ne madhy bharat par bahut kam prabhav dala, jisase rajanitik aparipakvata aur kam samajik aur arthik vikas hua aur bahut sa kshetr aj bhi durgam hai.

is kshetr ke har sat logon men se ek adivasi hai. adivasi apani vishishtata isalie banae rakh sake hain, kyonki bhoomi pahadi, vanachchhadit aur durgam hai. kshetriy bhasha aur snskriti vividh vishishtaon ko sudridh karane men sahayak hai, jaisa ki chhattisagadh, bundelakhnd, dndakarany aur any zilon men dekha gaya hai.

arthavyavastha

arthavyavastha krishi pradhan hai, dalahan (phaliyan) tilahan, kapas, ganna aur tnbakoo ka utpadan hota hai. udyogon men ara ghar, tilahan se tel nikalana, mashin ke auzaron v upakaranon ka nirman, kapade ki bunaee, mitti ke bartan, eent aur siment ka nirman shamil hain. lauh ayask, tanba, sisa, baidoory, selakhadi aur choona patthar ke bhndaron se utkhanan kiya jata hai. parivahan vyavastha men sadaken aur nairo-gej rel marg ate hain, jo gvaliyar[3] ko kota, muraina, bhind, shivapuri aur boondi se jodate hain. gvaliyar aur kota men havaee pattiyan hain.

krishi ki saghanata mitti ke prakar, sinchaee ki upalabdhi aur asapas ke pahadi kshetron ke nimn vanon tatha jhadidar bhoomi par nirbhar hai, jinamen mukhyatah janajatiyon ka nivas hai.

jahan purane sthapit nagaron ne svatntrata ke pashchath vanijyik aur kuchh audyogik kary apana liya hai, vahin yojanabaddh ne vyavasthit audyogik nagar bhi vikasit hue hain. gvaliyar, indaur, bhopal aur jabalapur pahale varg men ate hain, jabaki bhilaee, durg, nepanagar, koraba v katani doosare men. in nagaron ke nikat sthaniy khanij tatha van sroton ki prapti aur rel v sadak margon ke madhyam se asani se pahuncha, inake lie labh ki sthiti nirmit hai.

yadyapi kshetr men shaharikaran ki dar kam hai, phir bhi yah audyogik nagaron ke mamale men adhik rahi hai. kshetr ke kul kshetraphal ke 30 pratishat men vanachchhadit pahadiyan v atidohan se bane jhadidar jngal tatha vanon ke bnjar tukade hain.

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sinchaee v jalavidyut
  2. jinamen kuchh sagaun bhi hain
  3. mukhy audyogik kendr

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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