किरात  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg kirat ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- kirat (bahuvikalpi)

kirat bharat ki ek prachin anary (snbhavat: mngol) jati thi, jisaka nivas-sthan mukhyat: poorvi himalay ke parvatiy pradesh men tha. prachin snskrit sahity men kiraton ka snbndh pahadon aur gufaon se joda gaya hai aur unaki mukhy jivika akhet bataee gee hai. yajurved tatha atharvaved men kiraton ka parvat aur kandaraon ka nivasi bataya gaya hai. 'vajasaneyisnhita' [1] aur 'taittiriy brahman' men kiraton ka snbndh guha se bataya gaya hai- 'guhabhy: kiratam'.

  • valmiki ramayan men kirat nariyon ke tikhe joodon ka varnan hai aur unaka sharir varn sone ke saman varnit hai-
'kiratastikshanachoodashch hemabha: priyadarshana: kishkidhakand'[2]
  • mahabharat men kiraton ke vishay men anek nirdesh milate hain, jinase gyat hota hai ki unaki ginati barbar ya anary jatiyon men ki jati thi-
'ugrashch bhimakarmanastusharayavana: khasa:, andhrakashch pulindashch kiratashchogravikrama:. mlechchhashch parvatiyashch, karn'[3]
  • mahabharat, sabhaparv[4] men pragjyotishapur (vartaman asam) ke nikat arjun ki kiraton ke sath huee ladaee ka varnan hai. mahabharat, sabhaparv ke antagart upayan upaparv men yudhishthir ke pas bhent men kirat logon dvara lae ge upaharon ka varnan hai.[5] isi prasng men kiraton ko phal-moolabhoji, charmavastradhari, bhayanak shastr chalane vale aur kroorakarma bataya gaya hai.
  • snskrit kavy men kiraton ka sabase sundar varnan shayad mahakavi kalidas ne kiya hai-
'bhagirathi nirjharasikarann bodha muhu: knpit devadaru:. yudvayuranvishtamrigai: kiratairasevyate bhinnashikhndibarh:[6]

yahan himalay parvat par gnga ke nirjharon se sikt, devadaruvrikshon ko bar-bar knpayaman karane vali aur mayooron ke pnkhon ke bhar ko ast-vyast kar dene vali vayu ka (kastoori?) mrigon ki khoj men ghoomane vale kirat sevan karate hain. raghu ne himalay pradesh ki vijay ke pashchath jab vahan se apani sena ka padav utha liya, tab us sthan ke vany kiraton ne raghu ki sena ke hathiyon ki oonchaee ka anuman unake gale ki rasson ki ragad se devadaru vrikshon ke tanon par utkirn rekhaon se kiya.[7]

  • plini, taaulami aur megasthaniz ke lekhon men bhi kiraton ke vishay men kee ullekh hain. taaulami ne inhen 'kiradiya' likha hai aur bharat men inaki vistrit bastiyon ka ullekh kiya hai. kharavel ke prasiddh abhilekhon men chin aur kirat donon ka ekatr ullekh hai.

any mahattvapoorn tathy

aisa jan padata hai, kalantar men kirat log apane mool nivas himalay se atirikt bharat ke any bhagon men bhi phail ge the. sanchi (madhy pradesh) ke stoop par kisi kirat bhikshu ke dan ka ullekh hai aur dakshin bharat men nagarjunikond ke ek abhilekh men bhi kiraton ka varnan hua hai. mahabharat men upayayanaparv ke uparyukt nirdesh men kiraton ki bhent men chndan ki bhi ganana ki gee hai, jisase yah pratit hota hai ki kuchh kiraton ki bastiyan us samay maisoor adi ke samipavarti pradesh men bhi rahi hogi. 'manusmriti' men kee any anary jatiyon ke saman kiraton ki bhi vraty kshatriyon men ganana ki gee hai- 'parada: pahh‌lavashchina: kirata darada: khasha:.[8] yah bhi snbhav hai ki kirat shabd ka prayog vany jatiyon ke lie sadharanat: hone laga ho. sikkim ke pashchim sthit morag men aj bhi kirat namak ek jati basati hai. snbhavat: kiraton ka mool nivas sthan yahin raha hoga.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vajasaneyisnhita(30, 16)
  2. kishkidhakand, 40.27
  3. karnaparv, 73,19-20
  4. adhyay 26
  5. sabhaparv 52, 9-12
  6. ku. sn., 1, 15
  7. raghuvnsh 4, 76
  8. 'manusmriti' (10, 43-44)

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