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मैगस्थनीज़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maigasthaniz ne 'indika' men bharatiy jivan, paramparaon, riti-rivajon ka varnan kiya hai. maigasthaniz ko apane samay ka ek behatarin videshi yatri aur yoonani bhoogolavid mana jata tha.

  • chndragupt maury evn selyukas ke madhy huee sndhi ke antargat, jahan selyookas ne anek kshetr 'eriya', 'arakosiya', 'jedroshiya', 'perapanisadaee' adi chandragupt ko pradan kiye, vahin usane maigasthaniz namak yoonani rajadoot bhi maury darabar men bheja.
  • bharat men rajadoot niyukt hone se poorv maigasthaniz 'erakroshiya' ke kshatrap 'sibairtios' ke yahan mahattvapoorn adhikari ke pad par karyarat tha.
  • 'shanabaik' ne 1846 men is grnth ke bikhare hue anshon ko 'maigasthaniz indika' namak shirshak grnth men sngrahit kiya.
  • usane bharat ki akriti ko aniyamit sam chaturbhuj ke saman bataya, jisaka poorv se pashchim ki or vistar 28,000 stediya evn uttar se dakshin ki or vistar 32,000 stediya tha.
  • maigasthaniz ne gnga nadi evn sindhu nadi ka zikr apane grnth men kiya hai aur sath hi kul bharatiy nadiyon ki snkhya 58 batayi hai.
  • usane 'silas' namak ek aisi nadi ka ullekh kiya hai, jisamen kuchh bhi tair nahin sakata tha.
  • maigasthaniz ne bharat se prapt hone vali khanij sampada men sona, chandi, tanba evn tin ki prashnsa ki hai.
  • maigasthaniz ke anusar bharat men chitiyan sone ka sngrah karati thin.
  • pashuon men maigasthaniz bharatiy hathi se kafi prabhavit tha.
  • pakshiyon men tote ke bare men maigasthaniz ka kahana hai ki, ye bachchon ki tarah baten karate the.
  • usane bharatiy samaj ko sat vargon men banta hai-
  1. brahman evn darshanik- inaki snkhya alp thi.
  2. krishak- inaki snkhya sarvadhik thi.
  3. pashupalak evn akhetak- inaka jivan bhramanashil tha.
  4. vyapari, mazadoor evn karigar
  5. yoddha v sainik- snkhya ki drishti se krishakon ke bad doosare sthan par.
  6. nirikshak evn guptachar
  7. mntri evn paramarshadata- ye snkhya men sabase alp the, par adhikar men sabase age the.
  • maigasthaniz ke anusar maury kal men bahuvivah pratha ka prachalan tha. shiksha vyavastha brahman karate the.
  • das pratha ka prachalan nahin tha. maigasthaniz ne bharatiy logon ki eemanadari ki prashnsa karate hue kaha ki chori prayah nahin hoti thi.
  • megasthanich ne bharatavasiyon ki dharmik bhavana par prakash dalate hue bataya hai ki, "yahan ke log 'dayoniyas' (shiv) evn 'heraklij' (krishn) ki upasana karate the".
  • usane apani yatra ke vivaran men pataliputr ka vistrit varnan prastut kiya hai. usane pataliputr ko 'palibrotha' nam se sambodhit kiya hai.
  • apane varnan men usane pataliputr ko son nadi evn gnga nadi ke sngam par sthit tatkalin bharataka sabase bada nagar bataya hai.
  • yah nagar 80 stediya lamba evn 15 stediya chauda tha. yah nagar charon or se lagabhag 184 mitar chaudi evn 30 kyubik gahari khaee se ghira tha.
  • yahi par chandragupt maury ka anokha rajaprasad sthit tha.
  • maigasthaniz ke anusar- yahan ka shasan kul 30 sadasyon dvara 5-5 sadasyon ki 6 samitiyan karati thin.

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