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सुसीम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(सुशीम se punarnirdeshit)

susim athava 'sushim' maury shasak bindusar ka jyeshth putr tatha ashok ka sautela bhaee tha. vah samrat bindusar ke uttaradhikariyon men se ek tha. uttaradhikar ke yuddh men 274-270 eesa poorv ke asapas susim ka vadh ashok dvara hua.

  • lnka ki parampara men, jisaka akhyan 'dipavnsh' aur 'mahavnsh' men hua hai, bindusar ki solah pataraniyon aur 101 putron ka ullekh hai. putron men keval tin ke namollekh hain, ve hain-
  1. 'suman'[1]
  2. ashok
  3. tishy
  • tishy, ashok ka sahodar bhaee aur sabase chhota tha. maury kal ki paripati ke anusar samrajy ke ek door ke prant men ashok ko vaisaray ke roop men niyukt kiya gaya tha. yah prant pashchimi bharat men tha, jisaka nam 'avntirattamh‌'[2] tha. lnka ki parampara ke anusar isaki rajadhani 'ujjain' thi, par bharatiy parampara ke anusar vah uttarapath[3]men 'svashon'[4] ke rajy men vaisaray tha, jisaki rajadhani takshashila thi.
  • ashok ko asthayi roop men vahan tab bheja gaya tha, jab susim takshashila men vidroh ka daman n kar paya. yah vidroh susim ke kuprabndh ke karan hua tha. takshashila men susim ke samay men hi ek doosara vidroh us samay hua, jab pataliputr ka sinhasan rikt hua. susim is vidroh ko bhi shant na kar saka. tab ashok ne avasar ka labh utha kar mntri radhagupt ki sahayata se sinhasan par adhikar kar liya. *sinhasan ko lekar susim se ashok ka yuddh hua, jisamen susim mara gaya.[5]
  • divyavadan[6] par sinhal ki kathaon men uttaradhikar ki ghatana ek doosare hi roop men varnit hai. isamen ashok ne ujjain se sinhasan prapt kiya. usaki niyukti vahin thi. kafi samay se vah ujjain men hi vaisaray tha. ashok ne uttaradhikar ke is yuddh men tishy ko chhodakar sabhi bhaiyon ka vadh kar diya.
  • shrilnkaee sroton ke anusar uttaradhikar ki ladaee men sirf ashok ka chhota bhaee tishy bacha tha. lekin taranath ke anusar ashok ne sirf chh: bhaiyon ki hatya ki thi. spashtat: 98 ki apeksha chh: adhik saty pratit hota hai. isake atirikt vrihat shilalekh panch men ashok un adhikariyon ka ullekh karata hai, jinhen adhyakshata ke karyon ke atirikt usake bhaiyon, bahanon tatha any sambndhiyon ke parivaron ke kalyan ka kary dekhana tha.
  • uttaradhikar ki yah ladaee char varshon tak chali tatha apani sthiti majaboot karake hi ashok ne 286 ee.poo. men apana rajyabhishek karavaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. uttari paramparaon ka susim, jo sabase bada tha.
  2. arthat avnti rashtr ya avnti ka prant. mahabodhivnsh, pri. 98
  3. divyavadan
  4. sambhavat: manu, 10, 22 aur epi. indiya i, 132 men ullikhit khason se tatpary hai
  5. divyavadan ke anusar uttaradhikar ki ladaee do bhaiyon ke bich hi huee thi, jabaki 'mahabodhivnsh' men is yuddh men ek or ashok tha aur doosari or 98 bhaee the, jinhonne apane sabase bade bhaee susim ka sath diya tha, jo us samay 'yuvaraj' aur darasal sinhasan ka vastavik adhikari tha. 'divyavadan' ashok ke dave ke samarthan men kahata hai ki- "jab bindusar jivit tha to usane ek bar ajivik sadhu 'pingalavats' ko bulaya tha. pingalavats ne phaisala kiya tha ki sabhi rajakumaron men ashok sinhasan ke sabase upayukt hai. is grnth ke anusar ashok ke samarthan men bindusar ke sabhi mntri khallatak (pradhanamntri) aur 500 any mntri the. dhyan dene ki bat yah bhi hai ki chini yatri itsing ne ek janashruti ka ullekh kiya hai, jisamen svayn buddh ne ashok ke 'chakravarttitv' ki bhavishyavani ki thi. janashruti hai ki kapade ka ek tukada aur sone ki chhadi donon attharah bhagon men vibhakt ho gaye the. isaka bhashy karate hue bhagavan buddh kah rahe hain ki "unake nirvan ke sau se adhik sal bitane par unake upadesh 18 bhagon men vibhakt ho jaenge. jab ashok nam ka ek raja paida hoga jo sakal jnboodvip par shasan karega." takkus ka i-tsing, pri. 14
  6. divyavadan, 26, pri. 368 men bhi ashok ke bare men buddh ki ek bhavishyavani ka ullekh hai, jisamen bhagavan ne kaha tha ki- "yah dharmatma raja unaki dhatuon par 84000 'dharmrajik' banavayega. divyavadan, adhyay, 26

mukharji, radhakumud ashok (hindi). nee dilli: motilal banarasidas, 3-4.

snbndhit lekh

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