आजीविक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ajivik prachin bharat men ek dharmik sampraday tha. is sampraday ke log buddh ke samakalin 'goshal' namak ek dharmaguru ke anuyayi the. inhen 'ajivak' bhi kaha gaya hai.[1] ajivik shabd ke arth ke vishay men vidvanon men vivad raha hain kintu 'ajivik' ke vishay men vichar rakhanevale shramanon ke ek varg ko yah arth vishesh many raha hai. vaidik manyataon ke virodh men jin anek shraman snpradayon ka utthan buddhapoorvakal men hua unamen ajivik snpraday bhi tha.

  • ajivik snpraday ka sahity upalabdh nahin hai, kintu bauddh aur jain sahity tatha shilalekhon ke adhar par hi is snpraday ka itihas jana ja sakata hai.
  • buddh aur mahavir ke prabal virodhiyon ke roop men ajivikon ke tirthakar makkhali gosal (maskari goshal) ka ullekh jain-bauddh-shastron men milata hai. yah bhi un shastron se hi gyan hota hai ki us samay ajivikon ka snpraday pratishthit aur samadrit tha. gosal ape ko chaubisavan tirthakar kahate the. is jan ullekh ko praman n bhi mana jae tab bhi itana to kaha hi ja sakata hai ki gosal se pahale bhi yah snpraday prachalit raha. gosal se pahale ke kee ajivikon ka ullekh milata hai.
  • shilalekhon aur any adharon se yah siddh hai ki yah snpraday samagr bharat men prachalit raha aur ant men madhyakal men apana parthkay is snpraday ne kho diya.
  • ajivik shraman nagn rahate aur parivrajakon ki tarah ghoomate the. bhikshacharya dvara jivika chalate the. eeshvar ya karm men unaka vishvas nahin tha. kintu ve niyativadi the.[2]
  • puroosharth, parakram viry se nahin, kintu niyati se hi jiv ki shuddhi ya ashuddhi hoti hai. snsarachakr niyat hai, vah apane kram men hi poora hota hai aur muktilabh karata hai. ashchary to yah hai ki ajivikon ka darshanik siddhant aisa hote hue bhi ajivik shraman tapasya adi karate the au jivan men kasht uthate the.[3]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bhatt, janardan ashok ke dharmalekh (hindi). nee dilli: prakashan vibhag, 116.
  2. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 361 |
  3. sn.grn.-vaausham, e.el.: histri aind daktrins aauv di ajivikaz!

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