कापालिक सम्प्रदाय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kapalik sampraday ke log shaiv sampraday ke anuyayi hote hain. kyonki ye log manav khopadiyon (kapal) ke madhyam se khate-pite hain, isilie inhen 'kapalik' kaha jata hai. yamunamuni ke 'agam pramany', shivapuran tatha agamapuran men vibhinn tantrik sampradayon ke bhed dikhay gaye hain. vachaspatimishr ne char maheshvar sampradayon ke nam liye hain. aisa pratit hota hai ki shriharsh ne 'naishadh'[1] men 'samasiddhant' nam se jisaka ullekh kiya hai, vah kapalik sampraday hi hai.

itihas

kapalik sadhana ko vilas tatha vaibhav ka pariroop manakar akarshanabaddh kee sadhak isamen shamil hue. is tarah is marg ko bhog marg ka hi ek vikrit roop bana diya gaya. mool arthon me kapalikon ki chakr sadhana ko bhog vilas tatha kam pipasa shant karane ka sadhan bana diya gaya. is prakar is marg ko ghrina bhav se dekha jane laga. jo sahi arthon me kapalik the, unhonne prithak-prithakh ho kar vyaktigat sadhanaen shuroo kar din. adi shnkarachary ne kapalik sampraday men anaitik acharan ka virodh kiya, jisase is sampraday ka ek bahut bada hissa nepal ke simavarti ilake me tatha tibbat me chala gaya. yah sampraday tibbat men lagatar gatishil raha, jisase ki bauddh kapalik sadhana ke roop me yah sampraday jivit rah saka.[2]

sadhana

asnkhy itihasakar yah manate hain ki isi pnth se shaivashakt kaul marg ka prachalan hua. is sampraday se sabndhit sadhanaen atyadhik mahattvapoorn rahi hain. kapalik chakr me mukhy sadhak 'bhairav' tatha sadhika ko 'tripurasundari' kaha jata hai, tatha kamashakti ke vibhinn sadhan se inamen asim shaktiyan a jati hain. phal ki ichchha matr se apane sharirik avayavon par niyntran rakhana ya kisi bhi prakar ke nirman tatha vinash karane ki bejod shakti is marg se prapt ki ja sakati thi. is marg me kapalik apani bhairavi sadhika ko patni ke roop me bhi svikar kar sakata tha. inake math jirnashirn avastha me uttaripoorv rajyon me aj bhi dekhe jate hai.

ishtadev

kapalik sadhanaon men mahakali, bhairav, chandali, chamunda, shiv tatha tripura jaise devi-devataon ki sadhana hoti hai. vahin bauddh kapalik sadhana me vajrabhairav, mahakal, hevajra jaise tibbati devi-devatao ki sadhana hoti hai. pahale ke samay me mntr matr se mukhy kapalik sathi kapalikon ki kamashakti ko nyoonata tatha udveg dete the, jisase yogy mapadnd me yah sadhana poori hoti thi. is prakar yah adbhut marg lupt hote hue bhi gupt roop se surakshit hai. vibhinn tantrik mathon me aj bhi gupt roop se kapalik apani tntr sadhanao ko karate hain.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. naishadh 10, 88
  2. 2.0 2.1 kapalik sampraday (hindoo). . abhigaman tithi: 10 aktoobar, 2012.

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