ब्रह्मसमाज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

brahmasamaj
raja ramamohan ray
vivaran 'brahmasamaj' bharat men pratham dharm sudhar andolan tha, jisaka sambndh hindoo dharm se tha. brahmasamaj us adhyatmik andolan ki kahani hai, jo 19vin shatabdi ke navajagrat bharat ki visheshata thi.
snsthapak raja ramamohan ray
sthapana tithi 20 agast, 1828 ee.
sthan kolakata
uddeshy isaka uddeshy hindoo samaj men vyapt buraeeyon, jaise- sati pratha, bahuvivah, veshyagaman, jativad, asprishyata adi ko samapt karana tha.
vishesh amoolakari parivartanavadi vicharon ke karan hi 1865 ee. men brahmasamaj men pahali phoot padi. devendranath taigor ke anuyayiyon ne 'adi brahmasamaj' ka gathan kiya. adi brahmasamaj ka nara tha- 'brahmavad hi hindoovad hai.'
snbndhit lekh devendranath taigor, keshavachandr sen, raja ramamohan ray
any janakari raja ramamohan ray ke upadeshon ka sar ‘sarvadharm samabhav’ tha. kalantar men devendranath taigor ne 'brahmasamaj' ko age badhaya aur unhonne tirthayatra, moortipooja, karmakand adi ki alochana ki. inake dvara hi keshavachandr sen ko brahmasamaj ka achary niyukt kiya gaya tha.

brahmasamaj hindoo dharm se sambandhit pratham dharm-sudhar andolan tha. isake snsthapak raja ramamohan ray the, jinhonn 20 agast, 1828 ee. men isaki sthapana kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) men ki thi. isaka mukhy uddeshy tatkalin hindoo samaj men vyapt buraeeyon, jaise- sati pratha, bahuvivah, veshyagaman, jativad, asprishyata adi ko samapt karana. raja ramamohan ray ko bharatiy punarjagaran ka pita mana jata hai. raja ramamohan ray pahale bharatiy the, jinhonne samaj men vyapt madhyayugin buraeeyon ko door karane ke lie andolan chalaya. devendranath taigor ne bhi brahmasamaj ko apani sevaen pradan ki thin. unhonne hi keshavachandr sen ko brahmasamaj ka achary niyukt kiya tha. keshavachandr sen ka bahut adhik udaravadi drishtikon hi age chalakar brahmasamaj ke vibhajan ka karan bana.

prachar tatha vibhajan

raja ramamohan ray ka janm 22 mee, 1774 ee. ko bngal ke hugali zile men sthit 'radha nagar' men hua tha. inhen farasi, arabi, snskrit jaise prachy bhashaon evn laitin, yoonani, fransisi, angrezi, hibroo jaisi pashchaty bhashaon men nipunata prapt thi. patana tatha varanasi men apani shiksha prapt karane ke bad inhonne 1803 ee. se 1814 ee. tak kampani men naukari ki. raja ramamohan ray ne ekeshvaravad men vishvas vyakt karate hue moortipooja evn avataravad ka virodh kiya. inhonne karm ke siddhant tatha punarjanm par koee nishchit mat nahin vyakt kiya. raja ramamohan ray ne dharm grnthon ko manaviy antaratma tatha tark ke oopar nahin mana. raja ramamohan ray ke upadeshon ka sar ‘sarvadharm samabhav’ tha. kalantar men devendranath taigor (1818-1905 ee.) ne brahmasamaj ko age badhaya aur unhonne tirthayatra, moortipooja, karmakand adi ki alochana ki. inake dvara hi keshavachandr sen ko brahmasamaj ka achary niyukt kiya gaya. keshavachandr sen (1834-1884 ee.) ne apani vakpatuta evn udaravadi drishtikon se is andolan ko bal pradan kiya. inake hi prayason ke phalasvaroop brahmasamaj ki shakhaen uttar pradesh, pnjab evn madras men kholi gayi. keshavachandr sen ka atyadhik udaravadi drishtikon hi kalantar men brahmasamaj ke vibhajan ka karan bana. 1865 ee. men devendranath ne keshavachandr ko brahmasamaj se bahar nikal diya.

raja ramamohan ka yogadan

raja ramamohan ray ne kuchh mahattvapoorn rachanaen bhi ki hain, unaki kuchh rachanaen is prakar hain- 'tuhaphatul-muvahiddin', 'gift d monatheists' (1809 ee. men parasi men prakashit), 'piseptas aauf jisas' adi. inhonne 'snvad kaumudi' ka bhi sampadan kiya. raja ramamohan ray ne 1815 ee. men hindoo dharm ke ekeshvaravadi mat ke prachar hetu atmiy sabha ka gathan kiya, jisamen dvarakanath taigor shamil the. 1815 ee. men inhonne vedant kaaulej ki sthapana ki. raja ramamohan ray ne apane samay men bharatiy samaj men vyapt tamam buraiyon men sarvadhik prakhar andolan sati pratha ke viruddh chalaya. 1829 ee. men bharat ke gavarnar-janaral laaurd viliyam baintik dvara sati pratha ko pratibndhit karane ke lie lagae ge qanoon ko lagoo karavane men raja ramamohan ray ne sarakar ki madad ki. raja ramamohan ray ne pashchaty shiksha ke prati apana samarthan jatate hue kaha ki, 'yah hamare sampoorn vikas ke lie avashyak hai.' 1817 ee. men devid heyar ki sahayata se kalakatta men hindoo kaaulej ki sthapana ki gee.

raja ramamohan ray ko bharat men patrakarita ka agradoot mana jata hai. inhonne samachar-patron ki svatntrata ka samarthan kiya tha. bharat ki svatntrata ke bare men unaka mat tha ki, bharat ko turant svatntrata n lekar prashasan men hissedari lena chahie. atah raja ramamohan ray british shasan ke samarthak the. inhonne bharat men poonjivad ka samarthan kiya. ravindranath taigor ne raja ramamohan ray ke vishay men kaha ki, ‘raja ramamohan ray apane samay men sampoorn manav samaj men ekamatr aise vyakti the, jinhonne adhunik yug ke mahatv ko poori tarah samajha.’ raja ramamohan ray ne bharatiy svatantrata evn rashtriy andolan ko samarthan diya. 1821 ee. men spenish amerika men kranti ke saphal hone par raja ji ne ek sarvajanik bhoj ka ayojan kar apani khushi ko vyakt kiya. inhin sab karanon se raja ramamohan ray ke vyaktitv ko ek 'antarrashtriy vyaktitv' mana jata hai.

tatvabodhini sabha

1850 ee. men mugal badashah akabar dvitiy ne raja ramamohan ray ko raja ki upadhi ke sath apane doot ke roop men tatkalin british samrat viliyam chaturth ke darabar men bheja. inhen british samrat se mugal badashah ko milane vali penshan ki rashi ko badhane ki bat karani thi. yahin par bristal men 27 sitambar, 1833 ee. ko raja ramamohan ray ki mrityu ho gayi. subhashachandr bos ne raja ramamohan ray ko ‘yugadoot’ ki upadhi se sammanit kiya tha. raja ramamohan ray ki mrityu ke bad brahmasamaj ki gatividhiyon ka snchalan dvarikanath taigor tatha pndit ramachandr vidyagish ne kiya. inake bad dvarikanath ke putr devendranath taigor ne (1818-1905 ee.) brahmasamaj ki gatividhayon ko jari rakha. brahmasamaj men shamil hone se pahale devendranath ne kalakatta ke jorasanki men 'tatvarnjini sabha' ki sthapana ki. bad men 'tatvarnjini' hi 'tatvabodhini sabha' ke roop men parivartit ho gayi. devendranath taigor ne tatvabodhini sabha se judi patrika ‘tatvabodhini’ ka prarambh kiya. isake sampadak 'akshay kumar datt' the. 1840 ee. men tatvabodhini skool ki sthapana huee, akshay kumar isake adhyapak pad par niyukt huye. is skool ke any sadasyon men rajendr lal mitr, eeshvar chandr vidyasagar, tarachandr chakravarti tatha pyarechandr mitr adi the.

sngat sabha ki sthapana

21 disambar, 1843 ee. ko devendranath taigor ne brahmasamaj ki sadasyata grahan ki tatha utsah ke sath raja ramamohan ray ke vicharon ko pracharit kiya. devendranath ne alekzendar daf dvara bharatiy snskriti par kie ja rahe eesaee dharm ke prachar ke prahar ke viruddh sngharsh kiya. devendranath taigor ne 'brahm dharm' namak dharmik pustika ka snkalan kiya tatha upasana ke brahm svaroop brahmepasana ki shuruat ki. 1857 ee. men achary keshavachandr sen ne brahmasamaj ki sadasyata grahan ki. inake udaravadi vicharon ne brahm ki lokapriyata ko badhaya. keshavachandr sen ne devendranath ke sath milakar tatkalin adhyatmik tatha samajik samasyaon ke vichar ke uddeshy se 'sngat sabha' (maitri sngh) ki sthapana ki.

adi brahmasamaj ka gathan

1861 ee. men keshavachandr sen ne 'indiyan mirar' namak patr ka prakashan prarambh kiya. is patr (mirar) ne shighr hi apani pahachan bana li aur angrezi ka pahala dainik samachar hone ka gaurav prapt kiya. bad men indiyan mirar brahmasamaj ka mukh patr ban gaya. achary keshavachandr sen ne brahmasamaj ko ek akhil bharatiy roop dene ke uddeshy se poore bharat ka daura kiya, jisake parinamasvaroop madras men 'ved samaj' tatha maharashtr men 'prarthana samaj' ki sthapana huee. achary keshavachandr sen ne mahilaon ke uddhar, nari shiksha, antarjatiy vivah adi ke samarthan men prachar kiya tatha bal vivah ka virodh kiya. in amoolakari parivartanavadi vicharon ke karan hi 1865 ee. men brahmasamaj men pahali phoot padi. devendranath taigor ke anuyayiyon ne adi brahmasamaj ka gathan kiya. adi brahmasamaj ka nara tha 'brahmavad hi hindoovad hai.'

  • landan ki yatra se lautane ke bad 1872 ee. men keshavachandr sen ne sarakar ko 'brahmavivah adhiniyam' ko qanooni darja dene ke lie taiyar kar liya. achary keshav chandr sen ne pashchimi shiksha ke prasar, striyon ke uddhar tatha stri shiksha adi ke uddeshy se 'indiyan rifarm esosieshan' ki sthapana ki. brahmasamaj men doosara vibhajan 1878 ee. men hua, jab achary keshavachandr sen ne 'brahmavivah adhiniyam' 1872 ee. ka ullnghan karate huye apani alpayu putri ka vivah koochabihar ke maharaja se kiya.

sadharan brahmasamaj ki sthapana

keshavachandr sen ke anuyayiyon ne unase alag hokar 'sadharan brahmasamaj' ki sthapana ki. sadharan brahmasamaj ke anuyayi moortipooja aur jati pratha ke virodhi tatha nari mukti ke samarthak the. sadharan brahmasamaj ki sthapana anand mohan bos dvara taiyar ki gee rooparekha par hua tha. anand mohan bos isake pratham adhyaksh the. is sngathan ke sakriy karyakartaon men shivanath shastri, vipinachandr pal dvarikanath ganguli tatha surendranath banarji pramukh the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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