ईसाई मिशनरी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

eesaee mishanari, jinaka adhunik bharat par bahut gahara prabhav pada hai. bharat ke sudoor dakshini bhagon men bahut pahale se hi siriyaee eesaiyon ki bhari snkhya men upasthiti is bat ki dyotak hai ki is desh men sabase pahale ane vale eesaee mishanari yoorop ke nahin, siriya ke the. jo bhi ho, raja gondofaras (lagabhag 28 se 48 ee.) se snt tamas ka sambandh yah snket karata hai ki eesaee dharm pracharakon ka ek mishan sambhavat: pratham eesavi ke dauran bharat aya tha.

eesaee dharm ka prachar

itana to nishchit roop se gyat hai ki eesaee mishanariyon ne dharmapracharak ka apana kam bharat men solahavin shatabdi ke dauran snt fransis jaiviyar ke zamane se shuroo kiya tha. snt jaiviyar ka nam aj bhi bharat ke anek skool kaaulej se sambaddh hai. purtagaliyon ke bharat ane aur gova men jam jane ke bad eesaee padariyon ne bharatiyon ka balath dharm-parivartan karana shuroo kar diya. arambhik eesaee mishan roman kaitholik charch dvara pravartit the aur ve chhutaput roop se bharat aye. lekin unnisavin shatabdi eglinkan protestet charch ke dvara eesaee dharm prachar ka kary suvyavasthit dhng se arambh kiya. is kal men eest indiya kampani ne eesaee mishanariyon ko apane rajy ke bhitar rahane ki ijazat nahin di, kyonki use bhay tha ki kahin bharatiyon men unake viruddh uttejana n utpann ho jae. phalasvaroop viliyam kairi sarikhe pratham british protestet mishanariyon ko kampani ko kshetradhikar ke bahar shriramapur men rahana pada. athava kuchh mishanariyon ko kampani se sambaddh padariyon ke roop men seva karani padi. jaisa ki devid braun aur henari martin ne kiya.

kaaulejon ki sthapana

sanh 1813 ee. men eesaee padariyon par se rok hata li gee aur kuchh hi varshon ke andar inglaind, jarmani aur amerika se ane vale vibhinn eesaee mishan bharat men sthapit ho ge aur unhonne bharatiyon men eesaee dharm ka prachar shuroo kar diya. ye eesaee mishan apane ko bahut arse tak vishuddh dharmaprachar tak hi simit n rakh sake. unhonne shaikshanik aur lokopakari karyon men bhi dilachaspi leni shuroo kar di aur bharat ke bade-bade nagaron men kaaulejon ki sthapana ki aur unaka snchalan kiya. is mamale men ek skatish presabiteriyan mishanari alekjendar daf agrani tha. usane 1830 ee. men kalakatta men janaral asembalij instrityooshan ki sthapana ki aur usake bad kalakatta se lekar bngal ke bahar tak kee aur mishanari skool aur kaaulej khole. angrezi bhasha sikhane ke uddeshy se bharatiy yuvak in kaaulejon ki or bhari snkhya men akarshit hue. aise yuvak bad men pashchimi gyan aur manyataon ko kattar hindoo aur muslim samaj tak pahunchane ka mahattvapoorn madhyam bane.

samaj sudhar yogadan

eesaee mishan aur mishanariyon ne bauddhik star par to bharatiyon ke mastishk ko prabhavit kiya hi, sath hi apane lokopakari karyon (vishesh roop se chikitsa sambandhi) se bhi yooropiy v eesaee siddhanton aur adarshon ka prachar-prasar kiya. is prakar eesaee mishanariyon ne adhunik bharat ke vikas par gahara prabhav dala. mishanariyon ne pray: bina paryapt janakari ke bharatiy dharm ki anuchit alochana ki, jisase kuchh katuta utpann ho gee, lekin unhonne bharat ke samajik utthan men bhi nisndeh roop se mahattvapoorn yogadan diya. unhonne bharatiy nari ki dayaniy, asammanajanak sthiti, sati pratha, bal hatya, bal-vivah, bahuvivah aur jativad jaisi kuritiyon ki or logon ka dhyan akrisht kiya. in samajik vyadhiyon ko samapt karane men eesaee mishanariyon ka bahut bada yogadan hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bhattachary, sachchidanand bharatiy itihas kosh, dvitiy snskaran-1989 (hindi), bharat diskavari pustakalay: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, 57.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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