गुड फ़्राइडे  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gud fraide
eesa masih gud fraide ke din
any nam holi fraide, blaik fraid, gret fraide
anuyayi yah tyauhar eesaee dharm ke logon dvara eesa masih ko salib par chadhane ke karan huee mrityu ke upalakshy men manaya jata hai.
tithi 14 aprail (2017)
utsav is mauqe par charch ko sajaya jata hai aur parv ki shuruat baibil ke path se ki jati hai. isake bad pavitr kroos yatra shuroo hoti hai. phir vapas charch akar khatm hoti hai. isake bad prabhu ke balidan ko yad kiya jata hai.
dharmik manyata roman kaitholik charch gud fraide ko upavas divas ke taur par manata hai, jabaki charch ke laitin snskaron ke anusar ek bar poora bhojan halanki vah niyamit bhojan se kam hota hai aur aksar usamen mans ke badale machhali khayi jati hai aur do kaleva yani alpahar liya jata hai.
any janakari bharat men, gud fraide ke din kendriy chhutti ke sath hi sath rajy ki bhi chhutti hai, yadyapi sheyar bazar samanyatah bnd rahate hain.

gud fraide (angrezi: Good Friday) ko holi fraide, blaik fraide aur gret fraide bhi kahate hain. is din tin baje se chhah baje tak yah parv manaya jata hai. yah tyauhar eesaee dharm ke logon dvara eesa masih ko salib par chadhane ke karan huee mrityu ke upalakshy men manaya jata hai. yah tyauhar pavitr saptah ke dauran manaya jata hai, jo eestar sande se pahale padane vale shukravar ko ata hai. is mauqe par charch ko sajaya jata hai aur parv ki shuruat baibil ke path se ki jati hai. isake bad pavitr kroos yatra shuroo hoti hai. phir vapas charch akar khatm hoti hai. isake bad prabhu ke balidan ko yad kiya jata hai. shuroo men kishchiyan charch eestar ravivar yani unake jivit hone ke din ko hi pavitr din ke roop men manate the. kintu chauthi sadi se gudafraide sahit eestar ke poorv ane vale pratyek din ko pavitr ghoshit kiya gaya.[1]

balidan ka din

kaha jata hai ki jab dharati par manushy pathabhrasht hone laga, dharm ke nam par hinsa, atnk, bhrashtachar, atyachar aur andhavishvas badh gaya tab parameshvar ko shanti aur prem ke lie yishu ko apane putr ke roop bhejana pada aur yishu ne kanton ka taj pahan kar, sooli par chadhakar manavata ki sikh di. 'gud fraide’ isi manavata ke lie pran ka nyauchhavar karane ka din hai. aj se do hazar sal pahale dharm aur jati ke nam par khoon-kharaba hone laga tha. log svarth men andhe hokar pap karm men lipt ho gaye. jagah-jagah atnk aur atyachar badhane laga,tab pita parameshvar ne nirdoshon ki raksha aur bhatake hue logon ko snmarg par lane ke lie apane putr ki bali dene ka nirnay kiya. unhonne yishu ko dharati par bhejakar manushy ko pap karm se mukt hokar apana jivan sudharane ka mauqa diya. jaisa ki kaha jata hai yishu masih ka janm ‘palistin’ yani ijarail ke ek ganv baitalaham men alaukik shakti se mariyam ke madhyam se hua. us vaqt yishu masih ki mata mariyam aur yoosuf yani yishu ke pita ki mngani hi huee thi. donon ke snyog se pahale hi mariyam ke garbhavati hone ki vajah se yoosooph ne unhen tyagane ka man bana liya, lekin isase pahale hi prabhu ke svargadoot ne yoosooph ko svapn men mariyam ke garbh men pavitr atm ke hone aur usaki raksha karane ka adesh diya. yoosuph ne prabhu ke dut ki agya mani aur janm ke bad balak ka nam “yishu” rakha. balak yishu ko baitalaham ke raja ‘herodes’ ne maravane ki par snbhav prayas kiya, lekin isase pahale hi yoosooph prabhu ke doot ke adesh ke par mariyam aur yishu ko lekar misr chale gaye aur raja herodes ke marane tak misr men rahe. phir pun: svapn men chetavani pakar galil desh men chale ge aur nasarat nam ke nagar men ja base.

yishu jagah-jagah jakar logon ko manavata aur shanti ka sndesh dene lage. unhonne dharm ke nam par andhavishvas phailane vale pharisiyon yani dharmapnditon ko manavajati ka shatru kaha. agyanata aur andhavishvas ko manavata ka kalnk kaha. unake sndeshon se pareshan hokar dharmapnditon ne unhen dharm ki avamanana ka arop lagakar unhen maut ki saza di. par yishu apani niyati se avagat the. yishu masih ko kee tarah ki yatanaen di gayin. sainikon ne yishu ka upahas udaya. yishu ko unake kapade utarakar lal chonga pahanaya gaya. kanton ka taj unake sir par rakha gaya. itana hi nahin yishu ke munh par thooka gaya aur unake sar par sarakandon se prahar kiye gaye. isake bad yishu kroos ko apane kndhe par uthakar ‘gol gotha’ namak jagah le gaye. jahan unhen din ke barah baje do dakooon ke sath ek ko dahini aur doosara ko baee taraph krooson par chadha diya gaya. jis din yishu ko sooli par chadhaya gaya vah shukravar ko din tha. tin ghnte bad yishu ne oonchi avaz men parameshvar ko pukara ‘he pita main apani atma ko tere hathon saunpata hoon,’ itana kahakar unhonne apana pran tyag diya. manavata ke lie balidan ka vo din gudafraide tha. eesaee dharm ke anuyayi yishu ko unake tyag ke lie yad karate hain. maut ke bad yishu ko qabr men daphana diya gaya, hairani to tab huee jab tin din bad yani ravivar ko yishu jivit ho uthe. kahate hain pun: jivit hone ke bad yishu chalis din tak apane shishyon aur mitron ke sath rahe aur ant men svarg chale gaye.[1]

kaise manaya jata hai

roman kaitholik charch gud fraide ko upavas divas ke taur par manata hai, jabaki charch ke laitin snskaron ke anusar ek bar poora bhojan halanki vah niyamit bhojan se kam hota hai aur aksar usamen mans ke badale machhali khayi jati hai aur do kaleva yani alpahar liya jata hai. roman riti ke anusar samanyatah pavitr brihaspativar ki sham ko prabhu ke bhoj ke uparant koee mas utsav nahin hota jab tak ki eestar nigarani ki avadhi bit n jaye. prabhu eesa masih ke smaran men bhoj ka koee utsav nahin hota aur vah keval passion aauf d lord ke sarvis ke dauran bhakton men vitarit kiya jata hai.
sooli par chadhaye hue (krusifaid) eesa masih
pooja vedi poori tarah se khali rahati hai aur kraaus, momabatti athava vastr kuchh bhi vahan nahin rahata. pratha ke anusar eestar nigarani avadhi men jal ka ashirvad pane ke lie pavitr jal snskar ke patr khali kiye jate hain. eestar nigarani ki avadhi ke dauran gud fraide athava pavitr shanivar ko ghntiyan nahin bajane ki parampara hai.[2]

adarsh samay

paishan aauf d laaurd ke utsav ka adarsh samay aparahn tin baje hai. is samay padari ke pahanave ka rng lal hota hai. 1970 se pahale pahanave ka rng kala hota tha, keval kamyooniyan vala hissa baingani rng ka hota tha. 1955 se pahale poora pahanava hi kala hone ka vidhan tha. agar koee bishap yah anushthan snpann karata hai, vah ek sada mukut pahanata hai.[2]
prarthana ke tin bhag hote hain- baibal aur dharm grnthon ka path, kraaus ki pooja aur prabhu bhoj men sahabhagita.

baibil path

baibil path ke pahale bhag men prabhu yishoo ke prati prem aur gunagan ki avritti ya gayan hota hai jo aksar ek se adhik pathakon ya gayakon dvara kiya jata hai. is pratham charan men prarthana ki ek shrinkhala hoti hai jo charch, pop, padari aur charch men ane vale grihasthon, prabhu yishu masih men vishvas nahin karane valon, bhagavan par vishvas nahin karane valon, sarvajanik karyalayon men kam karane valon aur vishesh taur par zarooratamnd logon ke lie ki jati hai.[2]

kraaus ki pooja

gud fraide ke tyauhar ke doosare charan men kraaus ki pooja ki jati hai. ek kroosiphiks jisamen ek khas paramparik dhng se yishu ke lie git gaye jate hain. halanki yah zaroori nahin hai phir bhi yah dharmik samagam am taur par vedi ke pas hota hai, jisamen saty aur nishtha ke sath samman vyakt kiya jata hai aur khas taur par vyaktigat roop se jab prabhu yishoo ke prati prem bhav ke git gaye ja rahe hon.[2]

prabhu bhoj

eesa masih ki pratima

isaka tisara bhag hota hai pavitr prabhu bhoj ka, jo is tyauhar ki antim kadi hai. yah shuroo hoti hai avar phadar ke sath lekin "roti todane ki rasm" aur isase snbndhit mntr ka uchcharan nahin kiya jata . pavitr guruvar ki prarthana sabha men abhimntrit prabhu prasad ko bhakton men vitarit kiya jata hai.[2]

gud fraide ka sndesh

manav ka manav dvara shoshan, nirdhanon ka dhaniyon dvara daman, shasakon ka nyay mangane valon ko bandigrih men dalana, manushy ke adhikaron ki ahavelana, dharm ke palan hetu logon ko utpidat karana, manav itihas ka dukhad paksh raha hai. isake viruddh bahut se vyaktiyon evn dharm parivartakon ne apane pranon ki ahuti dekar ek aisa samajik, arthik aur rajanitik vatavaran paida karane ki cheshta ki hai jisamen manushy svatnntr hava men sans le sake. manushy ko sabhy evn apane adhikaron ke prati jagaruk karane men dharm ki bahut mahattvapoorn bhoomika rahi hai. duniya ke pratyek dharm men kranti ka dharmavigyan maujood hai isalie kranti dharmavigyan aur svatntrata dharmavigyan ek hi sikke ke do pahaloo hai. [3]

kendriy avakash

bharat men, gud fraide kendriy chhutti ke sath hi sath rajy ki bhi chhutti hai, yadyapi sheyar bazar samanyatah bnd rahate hain. kuchh rajy jaise- asam, gova, aur keral jahan bahumat men n hone ke bavajood eesaeeyon ki pratishat janasnkhya adhik hai, (jahan par eesaeeyon ki zyada tadad hai, ke kee doosare vyavasay bhi bnd rahate hain) lekin desh ke baki hisson men zyadatar vyavasay gud fraide ke din khule rahate hain. adhikansh vidyalay gud fraide ke din bnd rahate hain.[4]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 gudafraide yani balidan ka din (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) samay laiv daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 22 apral, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 prem aur kshama ka sndesh deta hai gud fraide (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) aj tak. abhigaman tithi: 22 apral, 2011.
  3. gud fraide ka gud sndesh (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) visphot daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 22 apral, 2011.
  4. shraddha se manaya jata hai gud fraide (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) star news agency. abhigaman tithi: 22 apral, 2011.

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