यम द्वितीया

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yam dvitiya
any nam bhaiya dooj, bhaee dooj, bhatri dvitiya
anuyayi hiandoo, bharatiy
uddeshy bhaee ki dirghayu ke lie
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi kartik mas ke shukl paksh ki dvitiya
any janakari is din pratahkal chandr-darshan ki paranpara hai aur jisake lie bhi sanbhav hota hai vo yamuna nadi ke jal mean snan karate haian.

yam dvitiya kartik mas ke shukl paksh ki dvitiya tithi ko manae jane vala hindoo dharm ka ek tyohar hai jise bhaiya dooj bhi kahate haian. bhaiya dooj mean har bahan roli evan akshat se apane bhaee ka tilak kar usake ujjval bhavishy ke lie ashish deti haian. kartik sudi dauj ko mathura ke vishram ghat par bhaee–bahan hath pak dakar ek sath snan karate haian. yah braj ka bahut b da parv hai. yam ki bahan yamuna hai aur vishvas hai ki aj ke din jo bhaee–bahan yamuna mean snan karate haian, yam unaka kuchh nahian biga d sakata. yahaan yamuna snan ke lie lakhoan mean door–door se shrriddhalu ate haian aur vishram ghat par snan kar pooja archana karate haian. bahanean bhaee ko roli ka tika bhi karati haian. yam dvitiya ka tyohar kartik mas ki shukl paksh mean dvitiya tithi ko manaya jata hai. is tyohar ke prati bhaee bahanoan mean kafi utsukata rahati hai aur ve is din ka besabri se iantazar karate haian. is din bhaee-bahan subah savere snan karake naye vastr dharan karate haian. bahanean asan par chaval ke ghol se chauk banati haian. is chauk par bhaee ko baitha kar bahanean unake hathoan ki pooja karati haian.

chandradarshan aur yamuna snan

[[chitr:Vishram-Ghat-13.jpg|thumb|left|yamuna snan, vishram ghat, mathura]] is din pratahkal chandr-darshan ki paranpara hai aur jisake lie bhi sanbhav hota hai vo yamuna nadi ke jal mean snan karate haian. snanadi se nivritt hokar dopahar mean bahan ke ghar jakar vastr aur dravy adi dvara bahan ka samman kiya jata hai aur vahian bhojan kiya jata hai. manyata hai ki aisa karane se kalyan ya samriddhi prapt hoti hai. badalate hue samay ko dekhean to yah vyast jivan mean do parivaroan ko milane aur sath samay bitane ka sarvottam upay hai. aisa kaha gaya hai ki yadi apani sagi bahan n ho to pita ke bhaee ki kanya, mama ki putri, mausi athava bua ki beti – ye bhi bahan ke saman haian, inake hath ka bana bhojan karean. jo purush yam dvitiya ko bahan ke hath ka bhojan karata hai, use dhan, ayushy, dharm, arth aur aparimit sukh ki prapti hoti hai. yam dvitiy ke din sayankal ghar mean batti jalane se poorv, ghar ke bahar char battiyoan se yukt dipak jalakar dip-dan karane ka niyam bhi hai.

manane ki vidhi

is pooja mean bhaee ki hatheli par bahanean chaval ka ghol lagati haian usake oopar sindoor lagakar kaddoo ke phool, pan, supari mudra adi hathoan par rakhakar dhire dhire pani hathoan par chho date hue kuchh mantr bolati haian jaise "ganga pooje yamuna ko yami pooje yamaraj ko, subhadra pooje krishna ko, ganga yamuna nir bahe mere bhaee ki ayu badhe" isi prakar kahe is mantr ke sath hatheli ki pooja ki jati hai "saanp kate, bagh kate, bichchhoo kate jo kate so aj kate" is tarah ke shabd isalie kahe jate haian kyoanki aisi manyata hai ki aj ke din agar bhayankar pashu kat bhi le to yamaraj ke doot bhaee ke pran nahian le jaeange. kahian-kahian is din bahanean bhaee ke sir par tilak lagakar unaki arati utarati haian aur phir hatheli mean kalava baandhati haian. bhaee ka muanh mitha karane ke lie unhean makhan mishri khilati haian. sandhya ke samay bahanean yamaraj ke nam se chaumukh diya jalakar ghar ke bahar rakhati haian. is samay oopar asaman mean chil u data dikhaee de to bahut hi shubh mana jata hai. is sandarbh mean manyata yah hai ki bahanean bhaee ki ayu ke lie jo dua maang rahi haian use yamaraj ne kubool kar liya hai ya chil jakar yamaraj ko bahanoan ka sandesh sunaega.

katha

soory bhagavan ki stri ka nam sanjna devi tha. inaki do santanean, putr yamaraj tatha kanya yamuna thi. sanjna devi pati soory ki uddipt kiranoan ko n sah sakane ke karan uttari dhruv pradesh mean chhaya ban kar rahane lagian. usi chhaya se tapti nadi tatha shanichar ka janm hua. idhar chhaya ka yam tatha yamuna se vimata sa vyavahar hone laga. isase khinn hokar yam ne apani ek nee nagari yamapuri basaee, yamapuri mean papiyoan ko dand dene ka kary sampadit karate bhaee ko dekhakar yamuna ji go lok chali aeean jo ki krishnaavatar ke samay bhi thi. yamuna apane bhaee yamaraj se b da sneh karati thi. vah usase barabar nivedan karati ki vah usake ghar akar bhojan karean. lekin yamaraj apane kam mean vyast rahane ke karan yamuna ki bat ko tal jate the. bahut samay vyatit ho jane par ek din sahasa yam ko apani bahan ki yad aee. unhoanne dootoan ko bhejakar yamuna ki khoj karavaee, magar vah mil n sakian. phir yamaraj svayan hi golok ge jahaan vishram ghat par yamuna ji se bheant huee. bhaee ko dekhate hi yamuna ji ne harsh vibhor hokar unaka svagat satkar kiya tatha unhean bhojan karavaya. isase prasann ho yam ne var maangane ko kaha.

yamuna ne kaha, "he bheeya maian apase yah varadan maangana chahati hooan ki mere jal mean snan karane vale nar-nari yamapuri n jaean."

prashn b da kathin tha, yam ke aisa var dene se yamapuri ka astitv hi samapt ho jata. bhaee ko asamanjas mean dekh kar yamuna bolian – ap chianta n karean mujhe yah varadan dean ki jo log aj ke din bahan ke yahaan bhojan karake, is mathura nagari sthit vishram ghat par snan karean ve tumhare lok ko n jaean. ise yamaraj ne svikar kar liya. unhoanne bahan yamuna ji ko ashvasan diya –‘is tithi ko jo sajjan apani bahan ke ghar bhojan nahian kareange unhean maian baandh kar yamapuri le jaooanga aur tumhare jal mean snan karane valoan ko svarg prapt hoga.’ tabhi se yah tyohar manaya jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika-tippani aur sandarbh

bahari k diyaan

sanbandhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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