यम द्वितीया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

yam dvitiya
yamuna snan, vishram ghat mathura
any nam bhaiya dooj, bhaee dooj, bhatri dvitiya
anuyayi hindoo, bharatiy
uddeshy bhaee ki dirghayu ke lie
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi kartik mas ke shukl paksh ki dvitiya
any janakari is din pratahkal chndr-darshan ki parnpara hai aur jisake lie bhi snbhav hota hai vo yamuna nadi ke jal men snan karate hain.

yam dvitiya kartik mas ke shukl paksh ki dvitiya tithi ko manae jane vala hindoo dharm ka ek tyohar hai jise bhaiya dooj bhi kahate hain. bhaiya dooj men har bahan roli evn akshat se apane bhaee ka tilak kar usake ujjval bhavishy ke lie ashish deti hain. kartik sudi dauj ko mathura ke vishram ghat par bhaee–bahan hath pakadakar ek sath snan karate hain. yah braj ka bahut bada parv hai. yam ki bahan yamuna hai aur vishvas hai ki aj ke din jo bhaee–bahan yamuna men snan karate hain, yam unaka kuchh nahin bigad sakata. yahan yamuna snan ke lie lakhon men door–door se shrriddhalu ate hain aur vishram ghat par snan kar pooja archana karate hain. bahanen bhaee ko roli ka tika bhi karati hain. yam dvitiya ka tyohar kartik mas ki shukl paksh men dvitiya tithi ko manaya jata hai. is tyohar ke prati bhaee bahanon men kafi utsukata rahati hai aur ve is din ka besabri se intazar karate hain. is din bhaee-bahan subah savere snan karake naye vastr dharan karate hain. bahanen asan par chaval ke ghol se chauk banati hain. is chauk par bhaee ko baitha kar bahanen unake hathon ki pooja karati hain.

chandradarshan aur yamuna snan

is din pratahkal chndr-darshan ki parnpara hai aur jisake lie bhi snbhav hota hai vo yamuna nadi ke jal men snan karate hain. snanadi se nivritt hokar dopahar men bahan ke ghar jakar vastr aur dravy adi dvara bahan ka samman kiya jata hai aur vahin bhojan kiya jata hai. manyata hai ki aisa karane se kalyan ya samriddhi prapt hoti hai. badalate hue samay ko dekhen to yah vyast jivan men do parivaron ko milane aur sath samay bitane ka sarvottam upay hai. aisa kaha gaya hai ki yadi apani sagi bahan n ho to pita ke bhaee ki kanya, mama ki putri, mausi athava bua ki beti – ye bhi bahan ke saman hain, inake hath ka bana bhojan karen. jo purush yam dvitiya ko bahan ke hath ka bhojan karata hai, use dhan, ayushy, dharm, arth aur aparimit sukh ki prapti hoti hai. yam dvitiy ke din saynkal ghar men batti jalane se poorv, ghar ke bahar char battiyon se yukt dipak jalakar dip-dan karane ka niyam bhi hai.

manane ki vidhi

is pooja men bhaee ki hatheli par bahanen chaval ka ghol lagati hain usake oopar sindoor lagakar kaddoo ke phool, pan, supari mudra adi hathon par rakhakar dhire dhire pani hathon par chhodate hue kuchh mantr bolati hain jaise "gnga pooje yamuna ko yami pooje yamaraj ko, subhadra pooje krishn ko, gnga yamuna nir bahe mere bhaee ki ayu badhe" isi prakar kahe is mantr ke sath hatheli ki pooja ki jati hai "sanp kate, bagh kate, bichchhoo kate jo kate so aj kate" is tarah ke shabd isalie kahe jate hain kyonki aisi manyata hai ki aj ke din agar bhaynkar pashu kat bhi le to yamaraj ke doot bhaee ke pran nahin le jaenge. kahin-kahin is din bahanen bhaee ke sir par tilak lagakar unaki arati utarati hain aur phir hatheli men kalava bandhati hain. bhaee ka munh mitha karane ke lie unhen makhan mishri khilati hain. sandhya ke samay bahanen yamaraj ke nam se chaumukh diya jalakar ghar ke bahar rakhati hain. is samay oopar asaman men chil udata dikhaee de to bahut hi shubh mana jata hai. is sndarbh men manyata yah hai ki bahanen bhaee ki ayu ke lie jo dua mang rahi hain use yamaraj ne kubool kar liya hai ya chil jakar yamaraj ko bahanon ka sndesh sunaega.

katha

soory bhagavan ki stri ka nam sngya devi tha. inaki do sntanen, putr yamaraj tatha kanya yamuna thi. sngya devi pati soory ki uddipt kiranon ko n sah sakane ke karan uttari dhruv pradesh men chhaya ban kar rahane lagin. usi chhaya se tapti nadi tatha shanichar ka janm hua. idhar chhaya ka yam tatha yamuna se vimata sa vyavahar hone laga. isase khinn hokar yam ne apani ek nee nagari yamapuri basaee, yamapuri men papiyon ko dand dene ka kary sampadit karate bhaee ko dekhakar yamuna ji go lok chali aeen jo ki krishnavatar ke samay bhi thi. yamuna apane bhaee yamaraj se bada sneh karati thi. vah usase barabar nivedan karati ki vah usake ghar akar bhojan karen. lekin yamaraj apane kam men vyast rahane ke karan yamuna ki bat ko tal jate the. bahut samay vyatit ho jane par ek din sahasa yam ko apani bahan ki yad aee. unhonne dooton ko bhejakar yamuna ki khoj karavaee, magar vah mil n sakin. phir yamaraj svayn hi golok ge jahan vishram ghat par yamuna ji se bhent huee. bhaee ko dekhate hi yamuna ji ne harsh vibhor hokar unaka svagat satkar kiya tatha unhen bhojan karavaya. isase prasann ho yam ne var mangane ko kaha.

yamuna ne kaha, "he bheeya main apase yah varadan mangana chahati hoon ki mere jal men snan karane vale nar-nari yamapuri n jaen."

prashn bada kathin tha, yam ke aisa var dene se yamapuri ka astitv hi samapt ho jata. bhaee ko asamnjas men dekh kar yamuna bolin – ap chinta n karen mujhe yah varadan den ki jo log aj ke din bahan ke yahan bhojan karake, is mathura nagari sthit vishram ghat par snan karen ve tumhare lok ko n jaen. ise yamaraj ne svikar kar liya. unhonne bahan yamuna ji ko ashvasan diya –‘is tithi ko jo sajjan apani bahan ke ghar bhojan nahin karenge unhen main bandh kar yamapuri le jaoonga aur tumhare jal men snan karane valon ko svarg prapt hoga.’ tabhi se yah tyohar manaya jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika-tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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