श्रावणी उपाकर्म  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shravani upakarm shravan mas ke shravan v chndr ke milan (poornima) ya hast nakshatr men 'shravan pnchami' ko hota hai. shravani parv vaidik kal se sharir, man aur indriyon ki pavitrata ka puny parv mana jata hai. is parv par ki jane vali sabhi kriyaon ka yah mool bhav hai ki bite samay men manushy se hue gyat-agyat bure karm ka prayashchit karana aur bhavishy men achchhe kary karane ki prerana dena.

arth

upakarm ka arth hai "prarnbh karana". upakaran ka arth hai "arnbh karane ke lie nimntran" ya "nikat lana". vaidik kal men yah vedon ke adhyayan ke lie vidyarthiyon ka guru ke pas ekatrit hone ka kal tha.[1]

ayojan kal

shravani upakarm ke ayojan kal ke bare men dharm grnthon men likha gaya hai ki "jab vanaspatiyan utpann hoti hain, shravan mas ke shravan v chndr ke milan (poornima) ya hast nakshatr men shravan pnchami ko upakarm hota hai." is adhyayan satr ka samapan 'utsarjan' ya 'utsarg' kahalata tha. yah satr magh shukl paksh pratipada ya paush poornima tak chalata tha. shravan shukl paksh poornima ke shubh din 'rakshabndhan' ke sath hi shravani upakarm ka pavitr snyog banata hai. visheshakar yah puny din brahman samuday ke lie bahut mahatv rakhata hai.

vidhi

shravani upakarm ke tin paksh hain-

  1. prayashchitt snkalp
  2. snskar
  3. svadhyay

upakarm men sarvapratham hota hai 'prayashchitt roop men hemadri snan snkalp'. guru ke sannidhy men brahmachari gay ke doodh, dahi, ghrit, gobar aur gomootr tatha pavitr kusha se snan kar varshabhar men jane-anajane men hue papakarmon ka prayashchitt kar jivan ko sakaratmakata se bharate hain. snan ke bad rishi poojan, sooryopasthan evn ygyopavit poojan tatha navin ygyopavit dharan karate hain. ygyopavit ya janeoo atm snyam ka snskar hai. aj ke din jinaka ygyopavit snskar ho chuka hota hai, vah purana ygyopavit utarakar naya dharan karate hain aur purane ygyopavit ka poojan bhi karate hain. is snskar se vyakti ka doosara janm hua mana jata hai. isaka arth yah hai ki jo vyakti atm snyami hai, vahi snskar se doosara janm pata hai aur 'dvij' kahalata hai.[1]

svadhyay

upakarm ka tisara paksh svadhyay ka hai. isaki shuruat savitri, brahma, shraddha, medha, prgya, smriti, sadasaspati, anumati, chhnd aur rishi ko ghrit ki ahuti se hoti hai. jau ke ate men dahi milakar rigved ke mntron se ahutiyan di jati hain. is ygy ke bad ved-vedang ka adhyayan arnbh hota hai. is satr ka avakash samapan se hota hai. is prakar vaidik parnpara men vaidik shiksha sadhe panch ya sadhe chhah mas tak chalati hai. vartaman men 'shravani poornima' ke din hi upakarm aur utsarg donon vidhan kar die jate hain. pratik roop men kiya jane vala yah vidhan hamen svadhyay aur susnskaron ke vikas ke lie prerit karata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 indriyon ki pavitrata ka puny parv shravani upakarm (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 01 mee, 2014.

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