श्रावणी उपाकर्म

भारत डिस्कवरी प्रस्तुति
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shravani upakarm shravan mas ke shravan v chandr ke milan (poornima) ya hast nakshatr mean 'shravan panchami' ko hota hai. shravani parv vaidik kal se sharir, man aur indriyoan ki pavitrata ka puny parv mana jata hai. is parv par ki jane vali sabhi kriyaoan ka yah mool bhav hai ki bite samay mean manushy se hue jnat-ajnat bure karm ka prayashchit karana aur bhavishy mean achchhe kary karane ki prerana dena.

arth

upakarm ka arth hai "praranbh karana". upakaran ka arth hai "aranbh karane ke lie nimantran" ya "nikat lana". vaidik kal mean yah vedoan ke adhyayan ke lie vidyarthiyoan ka guru ke pas ekatrit hone ka kal tha.[1]

ayojan kal

shravani upakarm ke ayojan kal ke bare mean dharm granthoan mean likha gaya hai ki "jab vanaspatiyaan utpann hoti haian, shravan mas ke shravan v chandr ke milan (poornima) ya hast nakshatr mean shravan panchami ko upakarm hota hai." is adhyayan satr ka samapan 'utsarjan' ya 'utsarg' kahalata tha. yah satr magh shukl paksh pratipada ya paush poornima tak chalata tha. shravan shukl paksh poornima ke shubh din 'rakshabandhan' ke sath hi shravani upakarm ka pavitr sanyog banata hai. visheshakar yah puny din brahman samuday ke lie bahut mahatv rakhata hai.

vidhi

shravani upakarm ke tin paksh haian-

  1. prayashchitt sankalp
  2. sanskar
  3. svadhyay

upakarm mean sarvapratham hota hai 'prayashchitt roop mean hemadri snan sankalp'. guru ke sannidhy mean brahmachari gay ke doodh, dahi, ghrit, gobar aur gomootr tatha pavitr kusha se snan kar varshabhar mean jane-anajane mean hue papakarmoan ka prayashchitt kar jivan ko sakaratmakata se bharate haian. snan ke bad rrishi poojan, sooryopasthan evan yajnopavit poojan tatha navin yajnopavit dharan karate haian. yajnopavit ya janeoo atm sanyam ka sanskar hai. aj ke din jinaka yajnopavit sanskar ho chuka hota hai, vah purana yajnopavit utarakar naya dharan karate haian aur purane yajnopavit ka poojan bhi karate haian. is sanskar se vyakti ka doosara janm hua mana jata hai. isaka arth yah hai ki jo vyakti atm sanyami hai, vahi sanskar se doosara janm pata hai aur 'dvij' kahalata hai.[1]

svadhyay

upakarm ka tisara paksh svadhyay ka hai. isaki shuruat savitri, brahma, shraddha, medha, prajna, smriti, sadasaspati, anumati, chhand aur rrishi ko ghrit ki ahuti se hoti hai. jau ke ate mean dahi milakar rrigved ke mantroan se ahutiyaan di jati haian. is yajn ke bad ved-vedaang ka adhyayan aranbh hota hai. is satr ka avakash samapan se hota hai. is prakar vaidik paranpara mean vaidik shiksha sadhe paanch ya sadhe chhah mas tak chalati hai. vartaman mean 'shravani poornima' ke din hi upakarm aur utsarg donoan vidhan kar die jate haian. pratik roop mean kiya jane vala yah vidhan hamean svadhyay aur susanskaroan ke vikas ke lie prerit karata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 iandriyoan ki pavitrata ka puny parv shravani upakarm (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 01 mee, 2014.

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