धनतेरस

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dhanateras
any nam dhanvantari jayanti
anuyayi hiandoo, bharatiy
uddeshy gharoan mean dipavali ki sajavat bhi aj hi se prarambh ho jati hai. is din gharoan ko svachchh kar, lip-potakar, chauk, rangoli bana sayankal ke samay dipak jalakar lakshmi ji ka avahan kiya jata hai.
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi kartik krishna paksh trayodashi
dharmik manyata is din vaidik devata yamaraj ka poojan kiya jata hai. poore varsh mean ek matr yahi vah din hai, jab mrityu ke devata yamaraj ki pooja ki jati hai.
any janakari is din se koee kisi ko apani vastu udhar nahian deta. isake upalakshy mean bazaroan se ne bartan, vastr, dipavali poojan hetu lakshmi-ganesh, khilaune, khil-batashe tatha sone-chaandi ke jevar adi bhi kharide jate haian.

dhanateras (aangrezi: Dhanteras) hindoo dharm mean manaya jane vala prasiddh tyohar hai. kartik krishna paksh ki trayodashi tithi ke din bhagavan dhanvantari ka janm hua tha, isalie is tithi ko 'dhanateras' ya 'dhanatrayodashi' ke nam se jana jata hai. bharat sarakar ne dhanateras ko 'rashtriy ayurved divas' ke roop mean manane ka nirnay liya hai. dhanateras dipavali ane ki poorv soochana deta hai. hamare desh mean sarvadhik dhoomadham se manae jane vale tyohar dipavali ka praranbh dhanateras se ho jata hai. isi din se gharoan ki lipaee-putaee prarambh kar dete haian. dipavali ke lie vividh vastuoan ki kharid aj ki jati hai. is din se koee kisi ko apani vastu udhar nahian deta. isake upalakshy mean bazaroan se ne bartan, vastr, dipavali poojan hetu lakshmi-ganesh, khilaune, khil-batashe tatha sone-chaandi ke jevar adi bhi kharide jate haian.

chitr:Blockquote-open.gif aj hi ke din ayurvedik chikitsa paddhati ke janmadata dhanvantari vaidy samudr se amrit kalash lekar pragat hue the, isalie dhanateras ko dhanvantari jayanti bhi kahate haian. isilie vaidy-hakim aur brahman samaj aj dhanvantari bhagavan ka poojan kar dhanvantari jayanti manata hai. chitr:Blockquote-close.gif

mahattv

dharmik aur aitihasik drishti se bhi is din ka vishesh mahattv hai. shastroan mean is bare mean kaha hai ki jin parivaroan mean dhanateras ke din yamaraj ke nimitt dipadan kiya jata hai, vahaan akal mrityu nahian hoti. gharoan mean dipavali ki sajavat bhi aj hi se prarambh ho jati hai. is din gharoan ko svachchh kar, lip-potakar, chauk, rangoli bana sayankal ke samay dipak jalakar lakshmi ji ka avahan kiya jata hai. is din purane bartanoan ko badalana v ne bartan kharidana shubh mana gaya hai. is din chaandi ke bartan kharidane se to atyadhik puny labh hota hai. is din hal juti mitti ko doodh mean bhigokar usamean semar ki shakha dalakar lagatar tin bar apane sharir par pherana tatha kuankum lagana chahie. kartik snan karake pradosh kal mean ghat, gaushala, kuaan, bavali, mandir adi sthanoan par tin din tak dipak jalana chahie. tula rashi ke soory mean chaturdashi v amavasya ki sandhya ko jalati lak di ki mashal se pitaroan ka marg prashast karana chahie.

poojan vidhi

  • is din vaidik devata yamaraj ka poojan kiya jata hai. poore varsh mean ek matr yahi vah din hai, jab mrityu ke devata yamaraj ki pooja ki jati hai. yah pooja din mean nahian ki jati apitu ratri hote samay yamaraj ke nimitt ek dipak jalaya jata hai.
  • is din yam ke lie ate ka dipak banakar ghar ke mukhy dvar par rakha jata haian is dip ko jamadiva arthath yamaraj ka dipak kaha jata hai.
  • rat ko ghar ki striyaan dipak mean tel dalakar nee rooee ki batti banakar, char battiyaan jalati haian. dipak ki batti dakshin disha ki or rakhani chahie.
  • jal, roli, phool, chaval, gu d, naivedy adi sahit dipak jalakar striyaan yam ka poojan karati haian. chooanki yah dipak mrityu ke niyantrak dev yamaraj ke nimitt jalaya jata hai, at: dip jalate samay poorn shraddha se unhean naman to karean hi, sath hi yah bhi prarthana karean ki ve apake parivar par daya drishti banae rakhean aur kisi ki akal mrityu n ho.

dhanvantari jayanti

  1. REDIRECTsaancha:mukhy

aj hi ke din ayurvedik chikitsa paddhati ke janmadata dhanvantari vaidy samudr se amrit kalash lekar pragat hue the, isalie dhanateras ko 'dhanvantari jayanti' bhi kahate haian. isilie vaidy-hakim aur brahman samaj aj dhanvantari bhagavan ka poojan kar 'dhanvantari jayanti' manata hai. bahut kam log janate haian ki dhanateras ayurved ke janak dhanvantari ki smriti mean manaya jata hai. is din log apane gharoan mean ne bartan kharidate haian aur unamean pakavan rakhakar bhagavan dhanvantari ko arpit karate haian. lekin ve yah bhool jate haian ki asali dhan to svasthy hai.

dhanvantari eesa se lagabhag das hazar varsh poorv hue the. vah kashi ke raja maharaj dhanv ke putr the. unhoanne shaly shastr par mahattvapoorn gaveshanaean ki thian. unake prapautr divodas ne unhean parimarjit kar sushrut adi shishyoan ko upadesh die is tarah sushrut sanhita kisi ek ka nahian, balki dhanvantari, divodas aur sushrut tinoan ke vaijnanik jivan ka moort roop hai. dhanvantari ke jivan ka sabase b da vaijnanik prayog amrit ka hai. unake jivan ke sath amrit ka kalash ju da hai. vah bhi sone ka kalash. amrit nirman karane ka prayog dhanvantari ne svarn patr mean hi bataya tha. unhoanne kaha ki jara mrityu ke vinash ke lie brahma adi devataoan ne som namak amrit ka avishkar kiya tha. sushrut unake rasayanik prayog ke ullekh haian. dhanvantari ke sanpraday mean sau prakar ki mrityu hai. unamean ek hi kal mrityu hai, shesh akal mrityu rokane ke prayas hi nidan aur chikitsa haian. ayu ke nyoonadhiky ki ek-ek map dhanvantari ne bataee hai.

chitr:Blockquote-open.gif is din vaidik devata yamaraj ka poojan kiya jata hai. poore varsh mean ek matr yahi vah din hai, jab mrityu ke devata yamaraj ki pooja ki jati hai. yah pooja din mean nahian ki jati apitu ratri hote samay yamaraj ke nimitt ek dipak jalaya jata hai. chitr:Blockquote-close.gif

dhanateras ki katha

ek samay bhagavan vishnu mrityulok mean vicharan karane ke lie a rahe the, lakshmi ji ne bhi sath chalane ka agrah kiya. vishnu ji bole- 'yadi maian jo bat kahooan, vaise hi mano, to chalo.' lakshmi ji ne svikar kiya aur bhagavan vishnu, lakshmi ji sahit bhoomandal par ae. kuchh der bad ek sthan par bhagavan vishnu lakshmi se bole-'jab tak maian n aooan, tum yahaan thaharo. maian dakshin disha ki or ja raha hooan, tum udhar mat dekhana.' vishnuji ke jane par lakshmi ko kautuk utpann hua ki akhir dakshin disha mean kya hai jo mujhe mana kiya gaya hai aur bhagavan svayan dakshin mean kyoan ge, koee rahasy zaroor hai. lakshmi ji se raha n gaya, jyoanhi bhagavan ne rah pak di, tyoanhi lakshmi bhi pichhe-pichhe chal p dian. kuchh hi door par sarasoan ka khet dikhaee diya. vah khoob phoola tha. ve udhar hi chalian. sarasoan ki shobha se ve mugdh ho geean aur usake phool to dakar apana shrriangar kiya aur age chalian. age ganne (eekh) ka khet kh da tha. lakshmi ji ne char ganne lie aur ras choosane lagian. usi kshan vishnu ji ae aur yah dekh lakshmi ji par naraz hokar shap diya- 'maianne tumhean idhar ane ko mana kiya tha, par tum n manian aur yah kisan ki chori ka aparadh kar baithian. ab tum us kisan ki 12 varsh tak is aparadh ki saza ke roop mean seva karo.' aisa kahakar bhagavan unhean chho dakar kshirasagar chale ge. lakshmi kisan ke ghar rahane lagian.

vah kisan ati daridr tha. lakshmiji ne kisan ki patni se kaha- 'tum snan kar pahale is meri banaee devi lakshmi ka poojan karo, phir rasoee banana, tum jo maangogi milega.' kisan ki patni ne lakshmi ke adeshanusar hi kiya. pooja ke prabhav aur lakshmi ki kripa se kisan ka ghar doosare hi din se ann, dhan, ratn, svarn adi se bhar gaya aur lakshmi se jagamag hone laga. lakshmi ne kisan ko dhan-dhany se poorn kar diya. kisan ke 12 varsh b de anand se kat ge. tatpashchath 12 varsh ke bad lakshmiji jane ke lie taiyar hueean. vishnuji, lakshmiji ko lene ae to kisan ne unhean bhejane se iankar kar diya. lakshmi bhi bina kisan ki marzi vahaan se jane ko taiyar n thian. tab vishnuji ne ek chaturaee ki. vishnuji jis din lakshmi ko lene ae the, us din varuni parv tha. at: kisan ko varuni parv ka mahattv samajhate hue bhagavan ne kaha- 'tum parivar sahit ganga mean jakar snan karo aur in kau diyoan ko bhi jal mean chho d dena. jab tak tum nahian lautoge, tab tak maian lakshmi ko nahian le jaooanga.' lakshmiji ne kisan ko char kau diyaan ganga ke dene ko di. kisan ne vaisa hi kiya. vah saparivar ganga snan karane ke lie chala. jaise hi usane ganga mean kau diyaan dalian, vaise hi char hath ganga mean se nikale aur ve kau diyaan le lian. tab kisan ko ashchary hua ki vah to koee devi hai. tab kisan ne gangaji se poochha-'mata! ye char bhujaean kisaki haian?' gangaji bolian- 'he kisan! ve charoan hath mere hi the. toone jo kau diyaan bheant di haian, ve kisaki di huee haian?' kisan ne kaha- 'mere ghar jo stri aee hai, unhoanne hi di haian.'

is par gangaji bolian- 'tumhare ghar jo stri aee hai vah sakshat lakshmi haian aur purush vishnu bhagavan haian. tum lakshmi ko jane mat dena, nahian to pun: nirdhan ho jaage.' yah sun kisan ghar laut aya. vahaan lakshmi aur vishnu bhagavan jane ko taiyar baithe the. kisan ne lakshmiji ka aanchal pak da aur bola- 'maian tumhean jane nahian dooanga. tab bhagavan ne kisan se kaha- 'inhean kaun jane deta hai, parantu ye to chanchala haian, kahian thaharati hi nahian, inako b de-b de nahian rok sake. inako mera shap tha, jo ki 12 varsh se tumhari seva kar rahi thian. tumhari 12 varsh seva ka samay poora ho chuka hai.' kisan hathapoorvak bola- 'nahian ab maian lakshmiji ko nahian jane dooanga. tum koee doosari stri yahaan se le jao.' tab lakshmiji ne kaha-'he kisan! tum mujhe rokana chahate ho to jo maian kahooan jaisa karo. kal teras hai, maian tumhare lie dhanateras manaooangi. tum kal ghar ko lip-potakar svachchh karana. ratri mean ghi ka dipak jalakar rakhana aur saanyakal mera poojan karana aur ek taanbe ke kalash mean rupaya bharakar mere nimitt rakhana, maian us kalash mean nivas karooangi. kiantu pooja ke samay maian tumhean dikhaee nahian dooangi. maian is din ki pooja karane se varsh bhar tumhare ghar se nahian jaooangi. mujhe rakhana hai to isi tarah prativarsh meri pooja karana.' yah kahakar ve dipakoan ke prakash ke sath dasoan dishaoan mean phail geean aur bhagavan dekhate hi rah ge. agale din kisan ne lakshmiji ke kathanusar poojan kiya. usaka ghar dhan-dhany se poorn ho gaya. isi bhaanti vah har varsh teras ke din lakshmiji ki pooja karane laga.

savadhaniyaan

  • savadhan aur sajag rahean. asavadhani aur laparavahi se manushy bahut kuchh kho baithata hai. vijayadashami aur dipavali ke agaman par is tyohar ka anand, khushi aur utsah banaye rakhane ke lie savadhanipoorvak rahean.
  • patakhoan ke sath khilava d n karean. uchit doori se patakhe chalaean.
  • mithaiyoan aur pakavanoan ki shuddhata, pavitrata ka dhyan rakhean .
  • bharatiy sanskriti ke anusar adarshoan v sadagi se manayean. pashchaty jagath ka aandhanukaran na karean.
  • patakhe ghar se door chalayean aur as-pas ke logoan ki asuvidha ke prati sajag rahean.
  • svachchhta aur paryavaran ka dhyan rakhean.
  • patakhoan se bachchoan ko uchit doori banaye rakhane aur savadhaniyoan ko prayog karane ka sahaj jnan dean.


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