नरक चतुर्दशी

भारत डिस्कवरी प्रस्तुति
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narak chaturdashi
any nam 'chhoti dipavali', 'narak chaudas', 'roop chaudas', 'roop chaturdashi', 'nark chaturdashi', 'naraka pooja'
anuyayi hiandoo
uddeshy is chaturdashi ka poojan kar akal mrityu se mukti tatha svasthy suraksha ke lie yamaraj ji ki pooja v upasana ki jati hai.
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi kartik krishna paksh chaturdashi
dharmik manyata bhagavan shrikrishna ne kartik mah mean krishnapaksh ki chaturdashi ke din narakasur ka vadh karake devataoan v rrishiyoan ko usake atank se mukti dilavaee thi.
any janakari dipavali se ek din pahale manaee jane vali narak chaturdashi ke din sandhya ke pashchath dipak prajjavalit kie jate haian.

narak chaturdashi kartik mah ke krishna paksh ki chaturdashi ko kaha jata hai. narak chaturdashi ko 'chhoti dipavali' bhi kahate haian. isake atirikt is chaturdashi ko 'narak chaudas', 'roop chaudas', 'roop chaturdashi', 'nark chaturdashi' ya 'naraka pooja' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. hindoo manyataoan ke anusar yah mana jata hai ki kartik krishna paksh chaturdashi ke din mrityu ke devata yamaraj ki pooja ka vidhan hai. dipavali se ek din pahale manaee jane vali narak chaturdashi ke din sandhya ke pashchath dipak prajjavalit kie jate haian. is chaturdashi ka poojan kar akal mrityu se mukti tatha svasthy suraksha ke lie yamaraj ji ki pooja v upasana ki jati hai.

pauranik kathaean

is chaturdashi se ju di pauranik kathaean is prakar haian-

pratham katha-

ek katha ke anusar rantidev namak ek raja hue the. vah bahut hi punyatma aur dharmatma purush the. sadaiv dharm, karm ke karyoan mean lage rahate the. jab unaka aantim samay aya to yamaraj ke doot unhean lene ke lie aye. ve doot raja ko narak mean le jane ke lie age badhe. yamadootoan ko dekh kar raja ashchary chakit ho gaye aur unhoanne poochha- "maianne to kabhi koee adharm ya pap nahian kiya hai to phir ap log mujhenarakamean kyoan bhej rahe haian. kripa kar mujhe mera aparadh bataiye, ki kis karan mujhe narak ka bhagi hona p d raha h.". raja ki karuna bhari vani sunakar yamadootoan ne kaha- "he rajan ek bar tumhare dvar se ek brahman bhookha hi laut gaya tha, jis karan tumhean narak jana p d raha hai.


raja ne yamadootoan se vinati karate hue kaha ki vah use ek varsh ka aur samay dene ki kripa karean. raja ka kathan sunakar yamadoot vichar karane lage aur raja ko ek varsh ki ayu pradan kar ve chale gaye. yamadootoan ke jane ke bad raja is samasya ke nidan ke lie rrishiyoan ke pas gaya aur unhean samast vrittaant bataya. rrishi raja se kahate haian ki yadi rajan kartik mah ki krishna paksh ki chaturdashi ka vrat kare aur brahmanoan ko bhojan karaye aur unase apane aparadhoan ke lie kshama yachana kare to vah pap se mukt ho sakata hai. rrishiyoan ke kathan ke anusar raja kartik mah ki krishna chaturdashi ka vrat karata hai. is prakar vah pap se mukt hokar bhagavan vishnu ke vaikunth dham ko pata hai.

dvitiy katha-

ek any prasanganusar bhagavan shrikrishna ne kartik mah mean krishna chaturdashi ke din narakasur ka vadh karake devataoan v rrishiyoan ko usake atank se mukti dilavaee thi. isake sath hi krishna bhagavan ne solah hazar kanyaoan ko narakasur ke bandigrih se mukt karavaya. isi upalakshy mean nagaravasiyoan ne nagar ko dipoan se prakashit kiya aur utsav manaya. tabhi se narak chaturdashi ka tyauhar manaya jane laga.

tritiy katha-

jab bhagavan vaman ne trayodashi se amavasya ki avadhi ke bich daityaraj bali ke rajy ko tin kadam mean nap diya to raja bali jo ki param dani the, unhoanne apana poora rajy bhagavan vishnu ke avatar bhagavan vaman ko dan kar diya. is par bhagavan vaman ne prasann hokar bali se var maangane ko kaha. bali ne bhagavan se kaha ki, "he prabhu ! maianne jo kuchh apako diya hai, use to maian maangooanga nahian aur n hi apane lie kuchh aur maangooanga, lekin sansar ke logoan ke kalyan ke lie maian ek var maangata hooan. apaki shakti hai, to de dijiye." *bhagavan vaman ne kaha, "kya var maangan chahate ho rajan?”

daityaraj bali bole- "prabhu ! apane kartik krishna trayodashi se lekar amavasya ki avadhi mean meri sanpoorn prithvi nap li. in tin dinoan mean prativarsh mera rajy rahana chahie aur in tin din ki avadhi mean jo vyakti mere rajy mean dipavali manaye usake ghar mean lakshmi ka sthayi nivas ho tatha jo vyakti chaturdashi ke din narak ke lie dipoan ka dan kareange, unake sabhi pitar kabhi narak mean na rahean, use yam yatana nahian honi chahie.” raja bali ki prarthana sunakar bhagavan vaman bole- "rajan ! mera varadan hai ki jo chaturdashi ke din narak ke svami yamaraj ko dipadan kareange, unake sabhi pitar log kabhi bhi narak mean nahian raheange aur jo vyakti in tin dinoan mean dipavali ka utsav manaeange, unhean chho dakar meri priy lakshmi kahian bhi nahian jayeangi. jo in tin dinoan mean bali ke raj mean dipavali nahian kareange, unake ghar mean dipak kaise jaleange? tin din bali ke raj mean jo manushy utsah nahian karate, unake ghar mean sada shok rahe.” bhagavan vaman dvara bali ko diye is varadan ke bad se hi narak chaturdashi ke vrat, poojan aur dipadan ka prachalan arambh hua, jo aj tak chala a raha hai.[1]

roop chaturdashi

narak chaturdashi ko roop chaturdashi bhi kaha jata hai. aj ke din sooryoday se poorv snan avashy karana chahie. sooryoday se poorv tilli ke tel se sharir ki malish karani chahie, usake bad apamarg ka prokshan karana chahie tatha lauki ke tukade aur apamarg donoan ko apane sir ke charoan or sat bar ghumaean. aisa karane se narak ka bhay door hota hai. sath hi padmapuran ke mantr ka path karean.

"sitaloshthasamayuktan sankatakadalanvitam. har papamapamarg bhramyaman: pun: pun:॥"

arthath "he tumbi (lauki) he apamarg tum bar bar phirae jate hue mere papoan ko door karo aur meri kubuddhi ka nash kar do.”

phir snan karean aur snan ke uparaant lauki aur apamarg ko ghar ke dakshin disha mean visarjit kar dena chahie. isase roop badhata hai aur sharir svasthy rahata hai. aj ke din sooryoday se poorv snan karane se manushy narak ke bhay se mukt ho jata hai.

padmapuran mean likha hai ki- "jo manushy sooryoday se poorv snan karata hai, vah yamalok nahian jata hai arthath narak ka bhagi nahian hota hai."

bhavishyapuran ke anusar kartik krishna chaturdashi ko jo vyakti sooryoday ke bad snan karata hai, usake pichhale ek varsh ke samast puny kary samapt ho jate haian. is din snan se poorv tilli ke tel ki malish karani chahie, yadyapi kartik mas mean tel ki malish varjit hoti hai, kintu narak chaturdashi ke din isaka vidhan hai. narak chaturdashi ko tilli ke tel mean lakshmi ji tatha jal mean gangaji ka nivas hota hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. narak chaturdashi (hiandi) amitbehorey.com. abhigaman tithi: 29 aktoobar, 2016.

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