मार्गशीर्ष  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

margashirsh
ram, lakshman aur sita
vivaran margashirsh hindoo pnchang ke anusar varsh ka nauvan mah hai. is mah ko agahan bhi kaha jata hai.
angrezi navambar-disambar
hijari mah muharram - safar
vrat evn tyohar vihar pnchami, mokshada ekadashi, kalashtami
jaynti evn mele annapoorna jayanti
pichhala kartik
agala paush
vishesh sat yug men devon ne margashirsh mas ki pratham tithi ko hi varsh prarambh kiya.
any janakari margashirsh shukl pnchami arthat vihar pnchami ke din hi treta yug men sita-ram ka vivah hua tha. mithilachnl aur ayodhya men yah tithi 'vivah pnchami' ke nam se prasiddh hai.

margashirsh hindoo pnchang ke anusar varsh ka nauvan mah hai. is mah ko 'agahan' bhi kaha jata hai. margashirsh ka sampoorn mas atyant pavitr mana jata hai. mas bhar prat:kal bhajan mandaliyan bhajan tatha kirtan karati huee nikalati hain. 'gita'[1] men svayn bhagavan krishn ne kaha hai- masanan margashirshoayamh. sat yug men devon ne margashirsh mas ki pratham tithi ko hi varsh prarambh kiya tha. isi mas men kashyap rishi ne sundar kashmir pradesh ki rachana ki thi. isalie isi mas men mahotsavon ka ayojan hona chahie.

namakaran

agahan mas ko margashirsh nam se kyon janate hain? is mas ko margashirsh kahane ke pichhe bhi kee tark hain. bhagavan shrikrishn ki pooja anek svaroopon men v anek namon se ki jati hai. inhin svaroopon men se ek margashirsh bhi shrikrishn ka hi ek roop hai. shastron men kaha gaya hai ki is mah ka snbndh mrigashira nakshatr se hai. jyotish ke anusar nakshatr 27 hote hain jisamen se ek hai mrigashira. is mah ki poornima mrigashira nakshatr se yukt hoti hai. isi vajah se is mas ko margashirsh mas ke nam se jana jata hai.

mahattv

  • bhagavat ke anusar, bhagavan shrikrishn ne bhi kaha tha ki- "sabhi mah men margashirsh shrikrishn ka hi svaroop hai." margashirsh mas men shraddha aur bhakti se prapt puny ke bal par sabhi sukhon ki prapti hoti hai. is mah men nadi men snan aur dan-puny ka vishesh mahatv hai.
  • shrikrishn ne margashirsh mas ki mahatta gopiyon ko bhi bataee thi. unhonne kaha tha ki- "margashirsh mah men yamuna men snan se main sahaj hi sabhi ko prapt ho jaoonga." tabhi se is mah men nadi snan ka khas mahatv mana gaya hai.
  • margashirsh mah men nadi snan ke lie tulasi ki jad ki mitti v tulasi ke patton se snan karana chahie. snan ke samay 'Om namo narayanay' ya 'gayatri mntr' ka jap karana chahie.[2]

dharmik kriyakalap

  • margashirsh shukl dvadashi ko upavas prarambh kar pratimas ki dvadashi ko upavas karate hue kartik ki dvadashi ko poora karana chahie.
  • prati dvadashi ko bhagavan vishnu ke keshav se damodar tak 12 namon men se ek-ek mas tak unaka poojan karana chahie. isase poojak 'jatismar' poorv janm ki ghatanaon ko smaran rakhane vala ho jata hai tatha us lok ko pahunch jata hai, jahan phir se snsar men lautane ki avashyakata nahin padati hai.[3]
  • margashirsh ki poornima ko chandrama ki avashy hi pooja ki jani chahie, kyonki isi din chandrama ko sudha se sinchit kiya gaya tha.
  • is din gauon ka namak diya jae tatha mata, bahin, putri aur parivar ki any striyon ko ek-ek joda vastr pradan kar sammanit karana chahie.
  • is mas men nrity-gitadi ka ayojan kar ek utsav bhi kiya jana chahie.
  • margashirsh ki poornima ko hi 'dattatrey jayanti' manayi jani chahie.[4]

visheshataen

  1. margashirsh mas men in tin pavan path ki bahut mahima hai- vishnu sahasranam, bhagavat gita aur gajendramoksh. inhen din men 2-3 bar avashy padhana chahie.
  2. is mas men 'shrimadbhagavat' granth ko dekhane bhar ki vishesh mahima hai. skand puran men likha hai- "ghar men agar bhagavat ho to agahan mas men din men ek bar usako pranam karana chahie."
  3. is mas men apane guru ko, isht ko Om damodaray namah kahate hue pranam karane se jivan ke avarodh samapt hote hain.
  4. is mah men shnkh men tirth ka pani bharen aur ghar men jo pooja ka sthan hai, usamen bhagavan ke oopar se shnkh mntr bolate hue ghumaen, bad men yah jal ghar ki divaron par chhiten. isase ghar men shuddhi badhati hai, shanti ati hai, klesh door hote hain.
  5. agahan mas ko margashirsh kahane ke pichhe bhi kee tark hain. bhagavan shrikrishn ki pooja anek svaroopon men v anek namon se ki jati hai. inhin svaroopon men se ek margashirsh bhi shrikrishn ka roop hai.[5]

margashirsh amavasya

jis prakar kartik, magh, vaishakh adi mahine gnga men snan ke lie ati shubh evn uttam mane ge hain, usi prakar margashirsh mah men bhi gnga snan ka vishesh phal prapt hota hai. margashirsh mah ki amavas ka adhyatmik mahatv khoob raha hai. jis din margashirsh mah men amavas tithi ho, us din snan dan aur tarpan ka vishesh mahatv rahata hai. amavas tithi ke din vrat karate hue shrisatyanarayan bhagavan ki pooja aur katha ki jati hai, jo amogh phaladayi hoti hai. is din nadiyon ya sarovaron men snan karane tatha sam‌rthy ke anusar dan karane se sabhi pap kshay ho jate hain tatha puny ki prapti hoti hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. gita (10.35
  2. agahan mas ko margashirsh kyon kahate hain (hindi) webdunia.com. abhigaman tithi: 18 navambar, 2017.
  3. anushasan, adhyay 10-, bri. sn. 104.14-16
  4. krityakalpataru ka naity kalik kand, 432-33; krityaratnakar, 471-72
  5. agahan mas sarvottam hai, janie is mah ki 10 pavitr visheshataen (hindi) webdunia.com. abhigaman tithi: 18 navambar, 2017.

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