मुहर्रम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

taziya, muharram, uttar pradesh
Tazia, Muharram, Uttar Pradesh

muharram athava moharram hijari snvat ka pratham mas hai. paigambar muhammad sahab ke navase imam husain evn unake sathiyon ki shahadat ki yad men muharram manaya jata hai.[1] muharram ek mahina hai jisamen das din imam, husain ke shok men manaye jate hain. isi mahine men musalamanon ke adaraniy paigambar hazarat muhammad sahab mustapha sallahon alaih v alahi vasallam ne pavitr makka se pavitr nagar madina men hizarat kiya tha. muharram koee tyohar nahin hai, yah sirph islami hijari sanh ka pahala mahina hai. poori islami duniya men muharram ki nau aur das tarikh ko musalaman roze rakhate hain aur masjidon-gharon men ibadat ki jati hai.

itihas

rasool mohammad sahab ki vafat ke lagabhag 50 varsh bad islami duniya men aisa ghor atyachar ka samay aya jabaki sanh 60 hijari men hamid maviy ke putr yazid raj sinhasan par baithe. unhonne sinhasan par baithakar madina ke rajyapal valid putr atuva ko pharaman likha ki tum imam husain ko bulakar kaho ki vah meri agyaon ka palan karen aur islam dharm ke siddhanton ko dhyan men n layen. yadi vah yah pharaman n mane to imam husain ka sir kat kar mere pas bheja jaye. valid putr atuva (rajyapal) ne 25 ya 26 rajab sanh 60 hijari ko ratri ke samay hazarat imam husain ko rajabhavan men bulaya aur unakon yajid ka pharaman sunaya. imam husain jo us samay quran sharif aur mohammad sahib ki viram ke varis the, vah is bat ko kaise sahan kar sakate the ki allah ke siddhant aur rasool sahab ka pharaman duniya se mit jaye. unhonne valid se kaha ki main ek vyabhichari, bhrashtachari, dusht vicharadhara vale, atyachari khuda rasool ko n manane vale, yajid ki agyaon ka palan nahin kar sakata. tatpashchath imam husain sahab makka sharif pahunche taki haj ki pavitr pratha ko poora kar saken kintu vahan par bhi imam husain sahab ko kisi prakar chain nahin lene diya gaya. sham ke badashah yajid ne apane sainikon ko yatriyon ke bhesh men bheja taki ve husain ko katl kar saken.

umara

hazarat imam husain ko pata chal gaya ki yajid ne gupt roop se sainikon ko mujhe katl karane ke lie bheja hai. makka ek aisa pavitr sthan hai ki jahan par kisi bhi prakar ki hatya haram hai. yah islam ka ek siddhant hai. isi bat ko madde-nazar rakhate hue ki makke men kisi prakar ka khoon-kharaba n ho, imam husain ne haj ki ek up-pratha jisako islamik roop se umara kahate hain, ada kiya hazarat husain us bade haj ko chhota aur ada karake apane parivar sahit irak ki or chale gaye. yahan par yah vyakhya karana bahut avashyak hai ki imam husain ne apane chachajad bhaee muslim ko irak ke hal janane ke lie apana doot banakar bheja tha. isi yatra ke dauran imam husain ko pata chala ki irak ke atyachari rajyapal ibanejyad ne us doot ko katl kar diya. imam husain ko yah sunakar bahut sadama hua. kintu unhonne apani yatra sthagit nahin ki kyonki is yatra ka lakshy keval manav dharm arthat islam ki raksha karana tha.

imam husain ki karbala yatra

muharram mas ki 2 tarikh sanh 61 hijari ko imam husain apane parivar aur mitron sahit karbala ki bhoomi par pahunche aur 9 tarikh tak yajid ki sena ko islamik siddhanton ko samajhaya. unhonne kaha, "ki logon, main hazarat mohammad sahab ka dhevata hoon. rasool ne mujhe apane kandhon par bithaya hai. main ali ka beta aur bibi fatima ka putr hoon. tum log mere katl par kyon amada ho. is gunah se baj a jaon, insan ko insan samajhon, kisi par atyachar n karon quran sharif ke siddhanton ka palan karon, khuda se daro, yah snsar manavata ka snsar hai. har ek ke sath bhala karo. aur achchhe-bure har ek masale men khuda nirnayak hai jo jaisa karm karega vah vaisa hi phal payega."

asur ki rat
muharram, khnbhat
Muharram, Khambhat

hazarat imam husain ki in baton ka yajid ki fauj par koee asar nahin hua kyonki vah sab atyachar aur kapat se andhe ho chuke the. jab vah kisi prakar bhi nahin mane to hazarat imam husain ne kaha ki tum mujhe ek rat ki mohalat de do taki main us sarv shaktiman eeshvar ki ibadat kar sakoon. yajid ki faujon ne kisi prakar imam husain sahab ko ek rat ki mohalat de di. us rat ko asur ki rat kaha jata hai. hazarat imam husain sahab ne us poori rat apane parivar valon tatha sathiyon ke sath allah ki ibadat ki. muharram ki 10 tarikh ko subah hi yajid ke senapati umar bil sad ne yah kahakar ek tir chhoda ki gavah rahe sabase pahale tir mainne chalaya hai. tatpashchath ladaee arambh ho gee. subah namaz se asar tak (lagabhag char-sadhe char baje tak) imam husain ke sab sathi jng men mare gaye. imam husain maidan men akele rah gaye. unhonne tin din tak bhookhe-pyase rahakar avaz lagaee ki main rasool ka navasa karbala men avaz de raha hoon ki koee hai jo islam ki madad kare. hazarat imam husain yah kah rahe the. ki unamen kheme men shor hua. imam sahab kheme men gaye to kya dekha ki unaka 6 mahine ka bachcha ali asagar pyas se behal hai. hazarat imam husain ne ne apane bachche ko apane hathon men utha liya aur maidane karbala men le aye.

hazarat imam husain sahib ne yajid ki faujon se kaha ki bachche ko thoda-sa pani pila do kintu yajid ki faujon ki taraph se ek tir aya aur bachche ke gale par laga aur bachche ne bap ke hathon men tadap kar dam tod diya. tatpashchath hazarat imam husain par jo zulm hua usaka kisi prakar bhi shabdon men varnan nahin ho sakata. unhonne tin din se bhookhe-pyase hazarat imam husain sahab ko katl kar diya. unako katl karane ke bad unake kheme men ag laga di aur hazarat imam husain ke parivar valon tatha bachchon ko kaidi bana liya. phir unakon irak ke rajyapal ibnejad ke pas le jaya gaya. dusht, bhasht aur nastik ibnejad ne is qaphile ko sham ke badashah yajid ke pas bhej diya.

badashah yajid

badashah yajid jo islam ka dushman tha aur hazarat mohammad sahab ka majak udata tha vah is qaphile ko is halat men dekhakar bahut khush hua, kintu kuchh dinon ke bad hi atyachari yajid ki badashahat khatm ho gee aur vah buri maut mara. hazarat inam husain ne islam par tatha manavata par apani jan kurban ki jo amar hai. husain sahab par julm karane vale koee gair nahin the balki vahi the jo apane apako musalaman samajhate the. islam aj bhi zinda hai, quran sharif aj bhi baki hai, roja, nupash ab bhi aisi hi hai aur age bhi rahenge. yah sab kuchh husain sahab ki kamaee hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. imam husain ki shahadat par muharram aj se shuroo (hindi) josh. abhigaman tithi: 6 disnbar, 2010.

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