मौलिद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maulid islam men kisi pavitr vyakti ke janmadin ko kaha jata hai. ise 'maulood' ya 'milad' bhi hain. visheshakar paigambar muhammad ka janmadivas.[1] muhammad ka janm divas parnparanusar anumanit roop se rabi 1 mah ka 12van din niyat hai, yani muhammad ki mrityu ka divas, musalaman dharmavalnbi janasamooh dvara ise 13vin shatabdi tak nahin manaya jata tha. 11vin shatabdi ke ant men misr men shasak shiyaee fatimi[2] muhammad, ali, fatima v shasak khalifa ke char maulidon ko manate the. yah tyohar darabariyon ke sadharan juloos hote hain, jo din ke samay nikale jate the v jinaka samapan khalifa ki maujoodagi men tin dharmopadeshon[3] ke path ke sath hi samapt hota tha.[4]

pratham maulid tyohar

sunni, jo islam ki mukhy shakha hai, 1207 men hue ek maulid samaroh ko pratham maulid tyohar manate hain. us avasar ka ayojan muzaffar ad-din gokaburi ne 'mosal'[5] ke nikat irabil men kiya tha, jinaka misr ke sultan saladin ke sath jija-sale ka snbndh tha. yah lagabhag adhunik maulid ke saman tha. muhammad ke vastavik janm divas se poorv poore ek mah tak utsav hue. jadoogar, bazigar aur chuninda manornjanakartaon ne bagadad v 'nisibin'[6] jitane door ke ilaqon ke logon ko akrisht kiya v muslim vidvanon, vidhishastriyon, adhyatmavadiyon aur shayaron ne do mah poorv se hi vahan pahunchana shuroo kar diya tha. aupacharik maulid se do din poorv badi snkhya men oonton, bhedon v bailon ki bali di gee aur maulid ki sndhya par nagar men ek mashal juloos nikala. maulid ki subah ek vishesh roop se banae ge bhaktagan v sena mnch ke samaksh dharmakhyan sunane ke lie upasthit hue. usake bad dharmaguruon ko vishesh kapade bhentakar unaka samman kiya gaya v sabhi upasthitajanon ko rajakumar ki or se bhoj hetu amntrit kiya gaya.

prasar

maulid tyohar muslim vishv men tezi se phaila, jo kuchh had tak soofivad[7] ke prati samakalin utsah ka parinam tha, jisane islam ko ek vyaktigat anubhav bana diya. arab men bhi, jahan paigambar ka janm sthan v maqabara keval dharmik tirthayatra ka sthan the, maulid utsavon ne apani jaden mazaboot kar lin. kee musalaman brahmavigyani ne anndotsavon ko svikar nahin kar pae v unhonne unhen 'bida' kaha. aisa navachar, jo snbhavat: pap ki or le jata hai. maulid vastav men eesaee prabhav darshate the; muslim kshetron ke eesaee isi dhng se 'krisamas' manate the v muslim aksar in utsavon men bhag lete the. adhunik mool tattvadasi musalaman, jaise vahabi ab bhi maulid anndotsavon ko moortipooja ke saman hi manate hain.[4]

  • ab to any snton v soofi bhratrisnghon ke snsthapakon tak ke maulid manae ja rahe hain. maulid kavitaen, jo muhammad ke jivan aur sadgunon ka varnan karati hain, jalason ke samay ke alava bhi bahut lokapriy hain. maulid mrit rishtedaron ki yad men bhi gae jate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. maulid an-nabi
  2. chauthe khalifa ali v unaki patni tatha muhammad ki putri fatima ke vnshaj
  3. khutba
  4. 4.0 4.1 bharat gyanakosh, khand-4 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 448 |
  5. iraq
  6. adhunik nusaibin, turki
  7. islam ke rahasyavad

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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