हज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

haj ka ek drishy
A View Of Hajj

haj makka shariph ki tirthayatra ko kahate hain.[1] islam men haj soodi arab ke pavitr shahar ki tirthayatra hai, jo pratyek vayask muslim stri ya purush ko apane jivanakal men kam se kam ek bar zaroor karani chahie. islam ke panch stnbh ke roop men gyat moolabhoot muslim anchar evn snsthanon men haj ka sthan panchavan hai. dhoo-al-hijja (islami varsh ka akhiri mahina) ke sataven din tirthayatra shuroo hoti aur 12ven din poori hoti hai, sharirik aur vittiy roop se samarth pratyek musalaman ke lie haj zaroori hai, lekin usaki anupasthiti men usake parivar ko pareshani nahin honi chahie. koee vyakti anupasthit rahakar bhi haj par ja rahe apane rishtedar ya dost ko apani jagah vahan ‘khade hone’ ko kahakar yatra kar sakata hai.

anushthan

haj ke anushthan ko paignbar muhammad ne sthapit kiya tha, lekin isamen kuchh bhinnataen a gee hain aur kathor aupacharik marg nirdeshan ka hajiyon ke samooh dvara, jo aksar bina uchit kram ke makka jate hain, sakhti se palan nahin kiya jata.

  • jab tirthayatri makka se lagabhag 10 kilomitar door hota hai, tab vah iharam kahalane vali pak (pavitr) avastha men pahunchata hai aur vah iharam vastr pahanata hai, jo do safed bina sili chadaron se bana hota hai. use sharir ke charon taraph lapeta jata hai. haj poora hone tak haji n to apane bal aur n hi nakhoon katata hai. vah makka pahunchata hai aur badi masjid sthit pak kaba ke charon or sat bar parikrama karata hai. kale patthar (hajar-al-asvad) ko choomata ya chhoota hai aur maqam ibrahim v kaba ki diksha men do bar namaz padhata hai. phir safa tatha maravah pahad ke bich sat bar ata-jata hai.
  • dhoo-al-hijja ke sataven din haji ko usake farz yad dilae jate hain. is anushthan ke doosare charan men, jo mahine ke athaven v barahaven din ke bich hota hai, haji makka ke bahar sthit pak jagahon, jabal ar-rahama, mujdalifa v mina ki yatra karata hai aur abraham ki kurbani ki yad men ek janavar kurban karata hai. haji phir amataur par apana sir mundavata hai aur lagabhag tin din tak mina sthit tin khnbhon par har roz sat patthar phenkata hai (khnbhe vibhinn shaitanon ke pratik hai), phir vah makka lautakar shahar chhodane se pahale kaba ka akhiri tavaf ya chakkar lagata hai.

dharmik krity

har sal lagabhag 20 lakh log haj karate hain. is dharmik krity men vibhinn prishthabhoomi ke anuyayiyon ke ek sath ane ke karan yah islam men ekajut karane ki shakti ka kam karata hai. ek bar tirthayatra karane ke bad vyakti apane nam ke sath haji jod sakata hai.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pauranik kosh |lekhak: rana prasad sharma |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 563, parishisht 'gh' |

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