फ़रीदुद्दीन गंजशकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

fariduddin gnjashakar
fariduddin gnjashakar
vivaran 'fariduddin gnjashakar' prasiddh muslim snt tatha pnjabi kavi the. inaki rachanaon ko sikkh guruon ne 'shri guru grnth sahib' men sthan diya hai.
any nam baba farid
janm 1172 ee. (lagabhag)
janm sthan ganv khotaval, zila multan
mata-pita shekh jaman suleman tatha mariyam
vishesh baba farid ke poorvaj sultan mahamood gazanavi ke sath snbndh rakhate the. apake pita gazanavi ke bhatije the.
any janakari guru ki khoj men baba farid ajamer, bharat men chishti sahib ke pas a ge the. unhen murashad manakar unaki seva karate the.

baba farid (angrezi: Fariduddin Ganjshakar , 1172-1266 ee.; poora nam- 'hajarat khvaja fariduddin gnjashakar') dakshin eshiya men pnjab kshetr ke ek prasiddh muslim snt the. inhen uchch koti ke pnjabi kavi ke roop men bhi prasiddhi prapt thi. inaki rachanaon ko sikkh guruon ne samman sahit 'shri guru grnth sahib' men sthan diya hai. vartaman samay men bharat ke pnjab prant men sthit pharidakot shahar ka nam baba farid par hi rakha gaya tha. isi shahar men unaki mazar bhi hai.

parichay

baba farid ka janm 1172 ee. men ganv khotaval, zila multan men hua tha. inake pita ka nam shekh jaman suleman tatha mata ka nam mariyam tha. inaki mata dharmatma islami talim ki gyata thin. vah shuddh hriday vali v eemanadar thin. unaki shiksha ka prabhav farid ke oopar bachapan men hi pad gaya tha. farid 12 sal se pahale hi quran majid ka adhyayan kar ge. yah bhi kaha jata hai ki maukhik roop se pahale hi yad kar liya tatha dharmik paripakv ho ge. inake pita mashahoor soofi the.

baba farid ke poorvaj sultan mahamood gazanavi ke sath snbndh rakhate the. apake pita gazanavi ke bhatije the. suleman pahale hind a gaya, phir vahan se lahaur a baitha. suleman ka phakiri dayara kayam ho gaya. lahaur se uthakar jngali ilake mulq ki taraf chale ge. ant men pakapatan men apana sthan kayam kar liya. vahin shekh baba farid ka janm hua. baba farid ka janm guru nanak dev ji se panch sau sal pahale mana jata hai.[1]

tapasya

ek din inaki mata ne tapasya ke bare men bataya to ap ne vichar bana liya ki yuva hokar tapasya karenge. jab yuva hue, chetana ayi to ghar se tapasya ke lie nikal pade. unhonne barah sal jngal men kate. unake bal badh ge v jud ge. prabhu ka simaran karate hue garmi-sardi men rahakar van ki piloo, kariron ke dele, thohar ka pakka phal adi kha lete. kabhi-kabhi vriksh ke patte bhi kha lete. unake man men barah sal bhakti karake ahnkar a gaya. unhonne chidiya ko kaha- "mar jao", sachamuch hi chidiya mar gee. "jivit ho jao", vah sachamuch hi jivit ho gee. unhen laga ki unaki bhakti poori ho gee hai. riddhiyan-siddhiyan mil gee hain.

anhakar ka nash

ahnkar men bhare hue baba farid pas ke ganv men pahunch ge. apani pyas bujhane ke lie kuen ki taraf chal die. vahan par ek stri pani ka dol nikalati v bharakar ulta deti. farid ne kaha "kanya! mujhe pani pilao main door se aya hoon." parantu us kanya ne farid ki taraf dhyan n diya aur apane kary men lagi rahi. baba farid krodhit ho ge aur kahane lage- "main kab se kah raha hoon mujhe pani pilao. jamin par pani phainkane se tumhen kya labh?" kanya ne uttar diya- "meri bahan ka ghar jal raha hai, ag bujha rahi hoon. meri bahan ka ghar yahan se bis kos door hai." baba farid yah sunakar bahut hairan hue. kanya ne kahana shuroo kiya ki- "yahan chidiya nahin jinako kahoge 'mar jao' to vah mar jaengi tatha kahoge "ud jao" to ud jaengi. yahan yah nahin." yah bat sunakar baba farid dng rah ge ki use yah bat kahan se gyat huee. unhonne kanya se kaha- "ap chahe mujhe pani n pilaen, parantu sab kuchh janane tatha ag bujhane ki shakti kahan se prapt ki." kanya ne uttar diya- "seva tatha pati prem karati hoon. yahi tapasya hai ahnkar nahin." baba farid ne pani piya aur kya dekhate hain ki kuan khali hai, n dol, n phirani, n vah kanya. akele farid vahan khade the. vah hairan ho ge aur jan ge ki paramatma ne yah sara khel racha hai.[1]

pun: grih tyag

jab baba farid ghar pahunche to man ne dekha ki putr ke bal jude hue hain. vah use savarane lagin. farid ko pida mahasoos huee. man kahane lagin- "putr! jin vrikshon ke patte todakar khate the to unako pida nahin hoti thi? is tarah doosaron ko duahkh dene se pida anubhav hoti hai. sab men allah ka noor hai, chahe koee pakshi hai ya parinda." baba farid ko gyat ho gaya ki unaki bhakti abhi adhoori hai. jo ki thi chidiyon ki pariksha men gnva li. is tarah unake man men doosari bar tapasya karane ka dhyan aya. baba farid ne phir ghar chhod diya. dharati par giri huee chiz hi khate, vriksh se patta tak n todate. is tarah kee sal bit ge. unaka sharir kamazor ho gaya. prabhu darshan ki lalasa thi, par bhagavan ke darshan nahin hote the. us samay ki sharirik v manasik avastha ko farid ne is tarah bayan kiya hai-

kaga karng dhndholia sagala khaia masu॥
ai duee naina mati chhuhu pir dekhan ki as॥

bhav-sharir pinjar matr hi rah gaya. is tarah kee sal bhakti karate bit ge, parameshvar nahin aya. prabhu ke darshan ek do bar hue. man ko sntushthi huee par poornata prapt nahin huee. unhen yah gyat ho gaya ki bina murashad dharan kie man ko sntosh prapt nahin ho sakata. isalie guru dharan karana zaroori hai.[1]

ajamer agaman

guru ki khoj men farid ajamer, bharat men chishti sahib ke pas pahunch ge. unhen murashad manakar seva karane lage. bhakti ke lie seva v shraddha do gun chahie the. ap datakar seva karate rahe. kee varshon ki seva ke bad hajarat chishti sahib ne prasannatapoorvak unhen var diya aur baba farid unake charan pakadakar shravan karate hue kritarth ho ge.

islam ka prachar

bad ke samay men baba farid apane ghar pakapatan laut ae aur islam dharm ka prachar karane lage. neki, saty aur vinay ka prakash charon taraf jagamaga gaya tatha apaki gaddi ka yash door-door tak fail gaya. jo bhi us gaddi par virajaman hota, usaka nam farid rakha jata. ab bhi yah gaddi karamati gaddi mani jati hai.

dohe

ahinsa ka upadesh

jo tain maran mukkiyan, unan na maro ghumm,
apanade ghar jaeee, pair tinan de chumm.

arthath 'yadi koee apako ghoonsa bhi mare to use palat kar mat maro. usake pairon ko choomo aur apane ghar ki rah lo.'

sntosh ka upadesh

rukhi sukkhi khay ke, thanda pani pi,
vekh paraee chopadi, na tarasaeeye ji.

arthath 'rookhi sookhi jo mile khao aur thanda pani piyo. doosare ki chupadi roti dekhakar eershya mat karo.'

prabhu virah

biraha biraha akhie, biraha hun sulatan,
jis tan biraha na upajai, so tan jan masan.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 bhakt shekh farid ji (hindi) adhyatmik jagat. abhigaman tithi: 04 navambar, 2015.

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