ताज़िया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

taziya maqabare ke akar ka mndap hota hai. muharram men shiya log isaki aradhana karate hain aur antim din ise daphana dete hain.[1] taziya imam husain ke maqabare ki anukriti hai, jisaka juloos muharram men nikalata hai. taziya bans ki khapachchiy़on par rng-birnge kagaz, panni adi chipaka kar banaya hua maqabare ke akar ka vah mndap hota hai, jo muharram ke dinon men musalaman athava shiya log hazarat imam husain ki qabr ke pratik roop men banate hai aur jisake age baithakar matam karate aur masiye padhate hain. gyarahaven din jaloos ke sath le jakar ise daphan kiya jata hai. taziya hazarat imam husain ki yad men banae jate hain. islam men kuchh log isaki alochana karate hain, lekin ye taziyadari bahut shan se hoti hai. hindoo bhi isamen hissa lete hai.

dharmik manyata

680 ee. men paignbar hazarat mohammad ke nati aur islam ke chauthe khalifa hazarat ali ke bete hazarat imam husain ki shahadat ki yad men taziya nikala jata hai aur shok manaya jata hai. imam husain ko yazid ki fauj ne karabala (iraq men sthit) ke maidan men 10vin muharram ko shahid kar diya tha. usake bad se imam husain ko sachchaee ke raste men qurbani ka pratik man liya gaya jinhonne sachchaee ke lie apane sath sath sare ghar ki qurbani de di. unaki shahadat par jitana matam hua hai aur jitane ansoo bahae ge hain utane ansoo kisi ek vyakti ke lie kabhi nahin bahae ge. taziya nikalane ka chalan kab se shuru hua yah poore vishvas aur saboot ke sath nahin bataya ja sakata hai. itana zaroor kaha jata hai ki is parnpara ki shurooat taimoor lng ke zamane (14vin sadi) men milati hai lekin azadari ka jaloos usase pahale bhi nikalata raha hai. tazie ke sath matam manane ke lie jaloos nikalate hain aur har jaloos ka apana ek alam yani jhnda hota hai, ek hi shahar men saikadon ki snkhya men tazie nikale jate hain. aur ek nishchit sthan jise karabala kaha jata hai vahan par log apane gaje-baje ke sath hathiyar chalane ke hunar dikhate hain.

bharat men taziya

bharat men moharram ka sabase bhavy juloos lakhanoo men nikala jata hai. usake alava yah bharatiy upamahadvip ke sath sath duniya bhar men manaya jata hai jisamen dilli, bagadad, karbala, najaf, lebanan, kolakata, lahaur, multan, soorat, jayapur aur haidarabad shamil hain. kaha jata hai ki taimoor ne bharat ki is parnpara se prabhavit hokar taziya banavaya. bharat ke itihas men hinduon, adivasiyon, bhandon aur tavayafon ke alag alag taziyon ka varnan milata hai. bihar aur uttar pradesh men kee sthanon par hindoo tazie ke prati apana samman prakat karate hain. lakhanoo ke bade imamabade ka latoo saqin ka taziya, husain tekari ka taziya, rohadi ka char sau sal purana taziya, 52 dndon ka taziya, chalis mimbaron ki ziyarat aur pakistan ke multan shahar men ustad aur shagird ke paune do sau sal purane tazie duniya bhar men mashahoor hain. tazie ki banavat men hindoo mndiron ki jhalak saf dikhati hai, taziya uthane men asani ho isalie ise am taur par bans ki lakadi aur kagaz se banaya jata hai, pahale bade oonche oonche tazie banae jate the lekin ab bijali ke taron se bachane ke lie chhote tazie banae jane lage hai.[2]

muharram kaise manate hain

  1. ise pak mahina mana jata hain. is din ko shiddat ke sath sabhi islamik dharm ko manane vale manate hain.
  2. is das dinon men roze bhi rakhe jate hain. inhen 'ashura' kaha jata hain.
  3. kee log poore 10 din roza nahin karate. pahale evn antim din roza rakha jata hain.
  4. ise ibadat ka mahina kahate hain. hazarat muhammad ke anusar in dinon roza rakhane se kiye ge bure karmon ka vinash hota hai. allah ki raham hoti hai. gunah maf hote hain.

tajiya kya hai

yah bans se banaee jati hai, yah jhakiyon ke jaise sajaee jati hai. isamen imam husain ki kabr ko banakar use shan se daphanane jate hain. ise hi shahidon ko shraddhanjali dena kahate hain. isamen matam bhi manaya jata hai, lekin phakr ke sath shahidon ko yad kiya jata hain. yah tajiya muharram ke das dinon ke bad gyarahave din nikala jata hai, isamen mela sajata hai. sabhi islamik log isamen shamil hote hain aur poorvajon ki kurbani ki gatha tajiyon ke jariye avam ko bataee jati hai, jisase josh aur hausale ki kahani janakar ve apane poorvajon par phark mahasoos kar sake.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pauranik kosh |lekhak: rana prasad sharma |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 562, parishisht 'gh' |
  2. bharat men taziya (hindi) bibisi hindi. abhigaman tithi: 17 aktoobar, 2014.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah