ईद उल फ़ितर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

eed ul fitar
eed par namaz padhate log
anuyayi muslim, bharatiy
uddeshy is din musalaman kisi pak saf jagah par jise 'eedagah' kahate hain, vahan ikatthe hokar do rakhat namaz shukrane ki ada karate hain.
tithi ramazan ke bad shavval mahine ke pahale din 'eed' manayi jati hai.
utsav is eed men musalaman 30 dinon ke bad pahali bar din men khana khate hain. upavas ki samapti ki khushi ke alava, is eed men musalaman allah ka shukriya ada isalie bhi karate hain ki unhonne mahine bhar ke upavas rakhane ki shakti di.
dharmik manyata eed ke dauran badhiya khane ke atirikt, ne kapade bhi pahane jate hain aur parivar aur doston ke bich tohafon ka adan-pradan hota hai.
snbndhit lekh eed ul zuha, moharram, namaz, eed ul fitar -nazir akabarabadi
fitara eedagah men namaz padhane ke lie jane se musalaman log 'fitara' arthath 'jan v mal ka sadaqa' jo har musalaman par farj hota hai, vah garibon men banta jata hai.
shabe-qadr ramazan ke mahine ke akhari das dinon men ek rat aisi hai jise shabe-qadr kahate hain. yah rat hazar mahine ki ibadat karane se bhi adhik behatar hoti hai. shabe-qadr ka arth hai, vah rat jisaki qadr ki jae.
any janakari pahala eed ul-fitar paigambar muhammad ne san 624 eesavi men jng-e-badar ke bad manaya tha.

eed-ul-fitar musalamanon ka pavitr tyohar hai. yah ramazan ke 30 din ke pashchat chand dekh kar doosare din manaya jane vala ek parv vishesh hai.[1] ramazan ke poore mahine men musalaman roze rakhakar arthath bhookhe-pyase rahakar poora mahina allah ki ibadat men guzar dete hain. is poore mahine ko allah ki ibadat men guzar kar jab ve rozon se farig ho jate hain to chand ki pahali tarikh arthath jis din chand dikhaee deta hai, us roz ko chhodakar doosare din eed ka tyohar arthath ‘bahut khushi ka din’ manaya jata hai. is khushi ke din ko eed-ul-fitar kahate hain.

eed par gale milate hue

eed-ul-fith‌r ka arth

'eed-ul-fith‌r' darasal do shabd hain. 'eed' aur 'fith‌r'. asal men 'eed' ke sath 'fith‌r' ko jode jane ka ek khas maqasad hai. vah maqasad hai ramazan men zaroori ki gee rukavaton ko khatm karane ka ailan. sath hi chhote-bade, amir-garib sabaki eed ho jana. yah nahin ki paise valon ne, sadhan-snpann logon ne rngarng, tadak-bhadak ke sath tyohar mana liya v garib-guraba munh dekhate rah ge. shabd 'fith‌r' ke mayane chirane, chak karane ke hain aur eed-ul-fith‌r un tamam rukavaton ko bhi chak kar deti hai, jo ramazan men laga di gee thin. jaise ramazan men din ke samay khana-pina v any kee baton se rok diya jata hai. eed ke bad ap samany dinon ki tarah din men kha-pi sakate hain.[2]

fitara

eed-ul-fith‌r athava 'eed-ul-fitr' is bat ka ailan hai ki allah ki taraf se jo pabndiyan mahe-ramazan men tum par lagaee gee thin, ve ab khatm ki jati hain. isi fitr se 'fitara' bana hai. fitra yani vah raqam jo khate-pite, sadhan snpann gharanon ke log arthik roop se kamazor logon ko dete hain. eed ki namaz se pahale isaka ada karana zaroori hota hai. is tarah amir ke sath hi garib ki, sadhan snpann ke sath sadhanavihin ki eed bhi man jati hai. asal men eed se pahale yani ramajan men zakat ada karane ki parnpara hai. yah zakat bhi garibon, bevaon v yatimon ko di jati hai. isake sath fitre ki raqam bhi unhin ka hissa hai. is sabake pichhe soch yahi hai ki eed ke din koee khali hath n rahe, kyonki yah khushi ka din hai.[2]

eed par namaz padhate log

kaise manate hain?

eed ka tyohar badi dhoomadham se manaya jata hai. is din musalaman kisi pak saf jagah par jise 'eedagah' kahate hain, vahan ikatthe hokar do rakhat namaz shukrane ki ada karate hain. 'e allah, apaka shukriya ki apane hamari ibadat kabool ki.' isake shukrane men ham do rakhat eed ki namaz padh rahe hain. ap ise qabool bhi karen. eed ki namaz ka hukm bhi allah tala ki taraph se hai. eedagah men namaz padhane ke lie jane se musalaman log 'fitara' arthath 'jan v mal ka sadaqa' jo har musalaman par farj hota hai, vah garibon men banta jata hai. sadaqa allah ne garibon ki imadad ka ek tariqa sikha diya hai. garib adami bhi is imadad se saf aur naye kapade pahanakar aur apana manapasand khana khakar apani eed mana sakate hain. amir-garib ek sath milakar namaz padh sakate hain.

roza kya hai?

quran sharif ke shabdon men 'e eeman valon, hamane tum par roze pak kar diye hain, jaisa ki tumane pichhali ummaton (anuyayiyon) par farj kie the taki tum muttafiq arthath faramabaradar ban jao. yah ginati ke chand din hain agar tum men se koee mariz hai ya safar men hai, to us vaqt roze chhodakar eed ke bad men apane roze poore kar sakata hai. ramazan ke poore mahine men muslim log bhookhe-pyase rahakar aur indriyon par niyntran rakhakar allah ki ibadat karate hain. vah shabe-qadr ki rat ko sari rat jag kar allah ki ibadat karate hain.

ramazan kya hai?

ramazan mahine ka nam hai, jis prakar hindi mahine chaitr, vaishakh, jyeshth, ashadh, savan, bhadrapad, ashvin, kartik, agahan, paush, magh, phalgun hote hain aur angrezi mahine janavari, faravari, march, apral, mee, joon, julaee, agast, sitnbar, aktoobar, navnbar, disnbar hote hain . usi prakar, muslim mahine, muharram, safar, rabiul avval, rabiul akhir, jamadi-ul-avval, jamadi-ul-akhir, rajab, shaban, ramazan, shavval, zilaqad, zilahijj ye barah mahine ate hain.

shabe-qadr

ramazan ke mahine men allah ki taraf se hazarat mohammad sahab sallaho alahai v sallam par quran sharif nazil (utara) tha. is mahine ki barakat men allah ne bataya ki isamen mere bnde meri ibadat karen. is mahine ke akhari das dinon men ek rat aisi hai jise shabe-qadr kahate hain. 21, 23, 25, 27, 29 ven men shabe-qadr ko talash karate hain. yah rat hazar mahine ki ibadat karane se bhi adhik behatar hoti hai. shabe-qadr ka arth hai, vah rat jisaki qadr ki jae. yah rat jag kar allah ki ibadat men guzar di jati hai.

khushi ka din

feni banati huee, mathura

yah khushi khasataur se isalie bhi hai ki ramazan ka mahina jo ek tarah se pariksha ka mahina hai, vah allah ke nek bndon ne poori aqidat (shraddha), eemanadari v lagan se allah ke huqmon par chalane men guzara. is kadi ajamaish ke bad ka tohafa eed hai. pustakon men aya hai ki ramazan men poore roze rakhane vale ka tohafa eed hai. is din allah ki rahamat poore josh par hoti hai tatha apana huqm poora karane vale bndon ko rahamaton ki barish se bhigo deti hai. allah pak ramazan ki ibadaton ke badale apane nek bndon ko bakhshe jane ka ailan farama dete hain. eed ki namaz ke jarie bnde khuda ka shukr ada karate hain ki usane hi hamen ramazan ka pak mahina ata kiya, phir usamen ibadaten karane ki taufik di aur isake bad eed ka tohafa diya. tab bnda apane mabood (poojy) ke darabar men pahunchakar usaka shukr ada karata hai. sahi mayanon men to ye mannaten poori hone ka din hai. in mannaton ke sath to oopar vale ke samane sabhi mngate banane ko taiyar ho jate hain. us rahimo-karim (atynt kripavan) ki asim rahamaton ki as lekar ek mah tak musalasal imtihan dete rahe. koshish karate rahe ki usane jo adesh die hain unhen har hal men poora karate rahen. chahe vah rozon ki shakl men ho, sahari ya iftar ki shakl men. taravih ki shakl men ya jakat-fitre ki shakl men. in mngaton ne apani himmat ke mutabik amal kiya, ab eed ke din sare snsar ka palanahar unako navajega.[2]


inhen bhi dekhen: eed ul zuha, ramazan, moharram, quran sharif, namaz evn eed ul fitar -nazir akabarabadi


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pauranik kosh |lekhak: rana prasad sharma |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 562, parishisht 'gh' |
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 eed-ul-phitr : muraden poori hone ka din (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 8 agast, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

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