पोंगल

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poangal
any nam maddoo poangal ya mattupoangal
anuyayi hindoo dharmavalambi
uddeshy dakshin bharat mean dhan ki phasal sametane ke bad log khushi prakat karane ke lie poangal ka tyohar manate haian.
prarambh pauranik
tithi 14 janavari (varsh- 2021)
anushthan poangal arthath khich di ka tyohar soory ke uttarayan hone ke punyakal mean manaya jata hai.
dharmik manyata hindoo dharm
sanbandhit lekh makar sankraanti, loh di
any janakari poangal vishesh roop se kisanoan ka parv hai. poangal samanyatah tin din tak manaya jata hai. pahale din koo da-karakat ekatr kar jalaya jata hai, doosare din lakshmi ki pooja hoti hai aur tisare tin pashu dhan ki.
adyatan‎

poangal (aangrezi: Pongal) tamil hinduoan ka ek pramukh tyohar hai. yah prati varsh 14-15 janavari ko manaya jata hai. dakshin bharat ke tamilanadu aur keral rajy mean makar sankraanti ko 'poangal' ke rup mean manaya jata hai. saur panchaang ke anusar yah parv tamil mahine ki pahali tarikh ko ata hai. poangal vishesh roop se kisanoan ka parv hai. poangal samanyatah tin din tak manaya jata hai. pahale din koo da-karakat ekatr kar jalaya jata hai, doosare din lakshmi ki pooja hoti hai aur tisare tin pashu dhan ki. poangal ka tyohar 'ti' namak tamil mahine ki pahali tarikh yani janavari ke madhy mean manaya jata hai. bhogi parv 13 janavari v poangal 14 janavari ko manaya jata hai. mattupoangal 15 ko tatha thiruvalloor din ya kanumapoangal 16 tarikh ko manae jate haian. poangal fasal katane ke utsah ka tyohar hai, jo dakshin bharat mean manaya jata hai. tamilanadu mean dhan ki fasal sametane ke bad log khushi prakat karane ke lie poangal ka tyohar manate haian. thumb|poangal|left varsh bhar ke tyoharoan ko poornata deta hai - poangal ka tyohar. is tyohar ka mool bhi krishi hi hai. janavari tak tamilanadu ki mukhy fasal ganna aur dhan pakakar taiyar ho jati hai. krishak apane lahalahate khetoan ko dekhakar prasann aur jhoom uthata hai. usaka man prabhu ke prati abhar se bhar uthata hai. isi din bail ki bhi pooja ki jati hai, kyoanki usi ne hi hal chalakar khetoan ko thik kiya tha. atah gau aur bailoan ko bhi nahala–dhulakar unake siangoan ke bich mean phooloan ki malaean pahanaee jati haian. unake mastak par rangoan se chitrakari bhi jati hai aur unhean ganna v chaval khilakar unake prati samman prakat kiya jata hai. kahian–kahian par mela bhi lagata hai. jisamean bailoan ki dau d v vibhinn khel–tamashoan ka ayojan hota hai.

mahotsav

bhogi ka din poangal ki taiyari ki soochana bhi deta hai. navavastr, tel–snan (jo tamiloan ki visheshata hai) tatha svadisht bhojan, bhogi parv ki pahachan hai. gharoan ke aangan mean gobar ka lep kiya jata hai. jisase sabhi prakar ke kitanuoan ka nash ho jata hai. mahilaean gharoan ke dvar ko sajane ki dakshata ka pradarshan kalatmak rang–birangi rangoli banakar karati haian.

svachchhata ka pratik poangal

poangal par svachchhata rakhane ke lie, sabhi tooti–phooti v anupayukt vastuean jaise phate hue payadan, toota pharnichar v phate vastr tyag die jate haian tatha unhean agni ki jvala mean samarpit kar diya jata hai. parivar ke sabhi sadasy alav ke charoan or ekatrit hokar nrity karate haian tatha dhol v any vadyoan se vatavaran rangamay, rasamay ho uthata hai. poangal parv samaj mean buraee ke ant ka pratik hai. log apane ghar ki saf–safaee karate haian tatha purani chizoan v vastroan ko chho d dete haian. gharoan ko shvet rang se sushobhit kiya jata hai. krishi mean kam ane vale pashuoan ko snan adi karakar unhean vibhinn prakar ke rangoan se sajaya jata hai.

poangal o poangal

thumb|poangal poangal arthath khich di ka tyohar soory ke uttarayan hone ke punyakal mean manaya jata hai. khule aangan mean haldi ki j d ki gaanth ko pile dhage mean pirokar pital ya mitti ki haan di ki gardan mean baandhakar usamean chaval evan mooang ki dal ki khich di pakate haian. usamean uphan ane par doodh v ghi dala jata hai. uphan ate hi ghar ke sabhi sadasy gaje–baje ke sath poangal - poangal ki avaz lagakar khushi prakat karate haian. vah uphan sukh aur samriddhi ka parichayak hai. log ek–doosare ke sukh v samriddhi ki kamana karate haian. gann ke sath sooryadev ki pooja ki jati hai. is din ag par haan di chadhane ka vishesh muhurt hota hai, jise dekhakar haan di ko ag par chadhaya jata hai.

ubalata hua doodh jab patr mean se girane lagata hai, to use samriddhashali krishi rritu ka pratik mana jata hai. haldi ke paudhe ki chhoti–chhoti tahaniyoan ko bartanoan ke charoan or baandha jata hai tatha usake sath–sath soory v chandrama ki akritiyaan banaee jati haian. sabhi apane mitroan v sage–sambandhiyoan se milate haian tatha mithaiyoan ki bheant dete haian. poangal ke samay ganne ki fasal taiyar ho chuki hoti hai tatha ganna sabhi hat–bazaroan mean khoob bikata hai. jagah–jagah bachche ganna choosate nazar ate haian.

poangal ek bhojy padarth

jis bartan mean poangal ko banate haian, vah 'poangal palaee' kahalata hai. poangal ko chaval v mooang ki dal ke mishran se ghi mean banaya jata hai. kajoo, kisakis, namak v kali mirch bhi isamean milaee jati hai. ise 'ven poangal' kahate haian, jisaka arth hai 'shvet poangal'. 'sharakara poangal' mean masaloan ki jagah par gu d ka prayog kiya jata hai. vidhivath pooja mean inhian pakavanoan ko bhagavan soory ko arpit kiya jata hai. pooja ke pashchath isi ko dopahar ke bhojan ke roop mean grahan kiya jata hai. veann poangal ko nariyal ki chatani ke sath parosa jata hai. sath mean saanbhar v pap d bhi rakhe jate haian. poangal ek mahabhoj ke roop mean manaya jata haian. kee atirikt bhojy padarth jaisa 'b da' adi bhi is avasar par banae jate haian.

poangal ka arth hai 'kya yah ubal raha' ya 'pakaya ja raha hai?'

thumb|poangal|left

mattupoangal

poangal ke bad ka din rrishi–pashuoan, jaise bail, saan d, ko samarpit hota hai. aj bhi bahut se kisan bhoomi jotane v sianchaee ke lie purane upakaranoan ka prayog karate haian. aisi sthiti mean bailoan ke bina kisan ka jivan kathin hi hai. mattupoangal ke avasar par, bailoan, goooan v krishi mean kam ane vale sabhi janavaroan ki pooja ki jati hai. bailoan ki l daee, jise 'manjoo vistoo' kahate haian, ka ayojan bhi isi din kiya jata hai. pratyek ghar mean ek aise saan d ka palan–poshan kiya jata hai, jo ki ati balavan ho tatha yuddh mean virata se l de. paramparik roop se aisi manyata hai ki jas ghar mean yadi akramak saan d n ho, to vah ghar apani man–pratishtha kho deta hai. is kisan apane akramak saan doan ko pradarshan karate haian. ek saan d ka malik sabhi logoan ko lalakarata hai v chunauti deta hai ki jo bhi vyakti is saan d ki gardan se bandhe kap de ko (jisamean dhan bandha hota hai) to d dega tatha saan d ko apane niyantran mean lega, vah is kap de v dhan ka vijeta hoga. dhol–naga de v siti bajakar saan d ka uttejit kiya jata hai. kee bar to dhooana bhi jalaya jata hai. kee pranaleva durghatanaean bhi is din hoti hai. saan doan ko b di kathinaee se niyantran mean laya jata hai. lekin ek bar jab saan d niyantran mean a jata hai, to isaka vijeta malik sabhi ko apane ghar mean bhojan ke amantrit karata hai.

kanya poangal

utsav ka antim din kanyapoangal ke roop mean manaya jata hai. is din pakshiyoan ki pooja hoti hai. saan d v pakshi yuddh is din utsav ke pramukh akarshan hote haian.

attukal poangal

  • attukal poangal mahilaoan dvara manaya jane vala ek prasiddh utsav hai.
  • yah utsav tiruvanantapuram se 2 kilomitar door devi ke prachin mandir mean manaya jata hai.
  • 10 dinoan tak chalane vale poangal utsav ki shuruat malayalam mah makaram-kuanbham (faravari-march) ke bharani divas (kartik chandr) ko hoti hai.

indr ki katha

bhogi parv shri indr ko samarpit hai. krishnaavatar ke samay devaraj indr v bhagavan shrikrishna ke bich shakti parikshan hua. bhagavan shrikrishna ne charavahoan v any logoan ko indr ki pooja karane ki bajae govardhan parvat ki pooja karane ka nirdash diya, to indr ne krodhavash varsha ke roop mean kee dinoan tak apana virodh prakat kiya. guoan v any pashu–pakshi v logoan ko bachane ke lie bhagavan shrikrishna ne parvat ko apani chhoti aanguli se uthaya tatha chhatr ke roop mean is parvat ka prayog jivan raksha ke lie kiya. is drishy ko dekhakar indr ko apani gaunata ka ahasas hua. tab bhagavan shrikrishna ne indr ki pooja ki anumati bhi de di.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

sanbandhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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