पोंगल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pongal
pongal
any nam maddoo pongal ya mattupongal
anuyayi hindoo dharmavalambi
uddeshy dakshin bharat men dhan ki phasal sametane ke bad log khushi prakat karane ke lie pongal ka tyohar manate hain.
prarambh pauranik
tithi 14 janavari (varsh- 2018)
anushthan pongal arthath khichadi ka tyohar soory ke uttarayan hone ke punyakal men manaya jata hai.
dharmik manyata hindoo dharm
snbndhit lekh makar snkranti, lohadi
any janakari pongal vishesh roop se kisanon ka parv hai. pongal samanyatah tin din tak manaya jata hai. pahale din kooda-karakat ekatr kar jalaya jata hai, doosare din lakshmi ki pooja hoti hai aur tisare tin pashu dhan ki.
adyatan‎

pongal (angrezi: Pongal) tamil hinduon ka ek pramukh tyohar hai. yah prati varsh 14-15 janavari ko manaya jata hai. dakshin bharat ke tamilanadu aur keral rajy men makar snkranti ko 'pongal' ke rup men manaya jata hai. saur pnchang ke anusar yah parv tamil mahine ki pahali tarikh ko ata hai. pongal vishesh roop se kisanon ka parv hai. pongal samanyatah tin din tak manaya jata hai. pahale din kooda-karakat ekatr kar jalaya jata hai, doosare din lakshmi ki pooja hoti hai aur tisare tin pashu dhan ki. pongal ka tyohar 'ti' namak tamil mahine ki pahali tarikh yani janavari ke madhy men manaya jata hai. bhogi parv 13 janavari v pongal 14 janavari ko manaya jata hai. mattupongal 15 ko tatha thiruvalloor din ya kanumapongal 16 tarikh ko manae jate hain. pongal fasal katane ke utsah ka tyohar hai, jo dakshin bharat men manaya jata hai. tamilanadu men dhan ki fasal sametane ke bad log khushi prakat karane ke lie pongal ka tyohar manate hain.

pongal

varsh bhar ke tyoharon ko poornata deta hai - pongal ka tyohar. is tyohar ka mool bhi krishi hi hai. janavari tak tamilanadu ki mukhy fasal ganna aur dhan pakakar taiyar ho jati hai. krishak apane lahalahate kheton ko dekhakar prasann aur jhoom uthata hai. usaka man prabhu ke prati abhar se bhar uthata hai. isi din bail ki bhi pooja ki jati hai, kyonki usi ne hi hal chalakar kheton ko thik kiya tha. atah gau aur bailon ko bhi nahala–dhulakar unake singon ke bich men phoolon ki malaen pahanaee jati hain. unake mastak par rngon se chitrakari bhi jati hai aur unhen ganna v chaval khilakar unake prati samman prakat kiya jata hai. kahin–kahin par mela bhi lagata hai. jisamen bailon ki daud v vibhinn khel–tamashon ka ayojan hota hai.

mahotsav

bhogi ka din pongal ki taiyari ki soochana bhi deta hai. navavastr, tel–snan (jo tamilon ki visheshata hai) tatha svadisht bhojan, bhogi parv ki pahachan hai. gharon ke angan men gobar ka lep kiya jata hai. jisase sabhi prakar ke kitanuon ka nash ho jata hai. mahilaen gharon ke dvar ko sajane ki dakshata ka pradarshan kalatmak rng–birngi rngoli banakar karati hain.

svachchhata ka pratik pongal

pongal par svachchhata rakhane ke lie, sabhi tooti–phooti v anupayukt vastuen jaise phate hue payadan, toota pharnichar v phate vastr tyag die jate hain tatha unhen agni ki jvala men samarpit kar diya jata hai. parivar ke sabhi sadasy alav ke charon or ekatrit hokar nrity karate hain tatha dhol v any vadyon se vatavaran rngamay, rasamay ho uthata hai. pongal parv samaj men buraee ke ant ka pratik hai. log apane ghar ki saf–safaee karate hain tatha purani chizon v vastron ko chhod dete hain. gharon ko shvet rng se sushobhit kiya jata hai. krishi men kam ane vale pashuon ko snan adi karakar unhen vibhinn prakar ke rngon se sajaya jata hai.

pongal o pongal

pongal

pongal arthath khichadi ka tyohar soory ke uttarayan hone ke punyakal men manaya jata hai. khule angan men haldi ki jad ki ganth ko pile dhage men pirokar pital ya mitti ki handi ki gardan men bandhakar usamen chaval evn moong ki dal ki khichadi pakate hain. usamen uphan ane par doodh v ghi dala jata hai. uphan ate hi ghar ke sabhi sadasy gaje–baje ke sath pongal - pongal ki avaz lagakar khushi prakat karate hain. vah uphan sukh aur samriddhi ka parichayak hai. log ek–doosare ke sukh v samriddhi ki kamana karate hain. gann ke sath sooryadev ki pooja ki jati hai. is din ag par handi chadhane ka vishesh muhurt hota hai, jise dekhakar handi ko ag par chadhaya jata hai.

ubalata hua doodh jab patr men se girane lagata hai, to use samriddhashali krishi ritu ka pratik mana jata hai. haldi ke paudhe ki chhoti–chhoti tahaniyon ko bartanon ke charon or bandha jata hai tatha usake sath–sath soory v chandrama ki akritiyan banaee jati hain. sabhi apane mitron v sage–sambandhiyon se milate hain tatha mithaiyon ki bhent dete hain. pongal ke samay ganne ki fasal taiyar ho chuki hoti hai tatha ganna sabhi hat–bazaron men khoob bikata hai. jagah–jagah bachche ganna choosate nazar ate hain.

pongal ek bhojy padarth

jis bartan men pongal ko banate hain, vah 'pongal palaee' kahalata hai. pongal ko chaval v moong ki dal ke mishran se ghi men banaya jata hai. kajoo, kisakis, namak v kali mirch bhi isamen milaee jati hai. ise 'ven pongal' kahate hain, jisaka arth hai 'shvet pongal'. 'sharakara pongal' men masalon ki jagah par gud ka prayog kiya jata hai. vidhivath pooja men inhin pakavanon ko bhagavan soory ko arpit kiya jata hai. pooja ke pashchath isi ko dopahar ke bhojan ke roop men grahan kiya jata hai. venn pongal ko nariyal ki chatani ke sath parosa jata hai. sath men sanbhar v papad bhi rakhe jate hain. pongal ek mahabhoj ke roop men manaya jata hain. kee atirikt bhojy padarth jaisa 'bada' adi bhi is avasar par banae jate hain.

pongal ka arth hai 'kya yah ubal raha' ya 'pakaya ja raha hai?'
pongal

mattupongal

pongal ke bad ka din rishi–pashuon, jaise bail, sand, ko samarpit hota hai. aj bhi bahut se kisan bhoomi jotane v sinchaee ke lie purane upakaranon ka prayog karate hain. aisi sthiti men bailon ke bina kisan ka jivan kathin hi hai. mattupongal ke avasar par, bailon, gooon v krishi men kam ane vale sabhi janavaron ki pooja ki jati hai. bailon ki ladaee, jise 'mnjoo vistoo' kahate hain, ka ayojan bhi isi din kiya jata hai. pratyek ghar men ek aise sand ka palan–poshan kiya jata hai, jo ki ati balavan ho tatha yuddh men virata se lade. paramparik roop se aisi manyata hai ki jas ghar men yadi akramak sand n ho, to vah ghar apani man–pratishtha kho deta hai. is kisan apane akramak sandon ko pradarshan karate hain. ek sand ka malik sabhi logon ko lalakarata hai v chunauti deta hai ki jo bhi vyakti is sand ki gardan se bndhe kapade ko (jisamen dhan bndha hota hai) tod dega tatha sand ko apane niyntran men lega, vah is kapade v dhan ka vijeta hoga. dhol–nagade v siti bajakar sand ka uttejit kiya jata hai. kee bar to dhoona bhi jalaya jata hai. kee pranaleva durghatanaen bhi is din hoti hai. sandon ko badi kathinaee se niyntran men laya jata hai. lekin ek bar jab sand niyntran men a jata hai, to isaka vijeta malik sabhi ko apane ghar men bhojan ke amntrit karata hai.

kanya pongal

utsav ka antim din kanyapongal ke roop men manaya jata hai. is din pakshiyon ki pooja hoti hai. sand v pakshi yuddh is din utsav ke pramukh akarshan hote hain.

attukal pongal

  • attukal pongal mahilaon dvara manaya jane vala ek prasiddh utsav hai.
  • yah utsav tiruvanntapuram se 2 kilomitar door devi ke prachin mndir men manaya jata hai.
  • 10 dinon tak chalane vale pongal utsav ki shuruat malayalam mah makaram-kunbham (faravari-march) ke bharani divas (kartik chndr) ko hoti hai.

indr ki katha

bhogi parv shri indr ko samarpit hai. krishnavatar ke samay devaraj indr v bhagavan shrikrishn ke bich shakti parikshan hua. bhagavan shrikrishn ne charavahon v any logon ko indr ki pooja karane ki bajae govardhan parvat ki pooja karane ka nirdash diya, to indr ne krodhavash varsha ke roop men kee dinon tak apana virodh prakat kiya. guon v any pashu–pakshi v logon ko bachane ke lie bhagavan shrikrishn ne parvat ko apani chhoti anguli se uthaya tatha chhatr ke roop men is parvat ka prayog jivan raksha ke lie kiya. is drishy ko dekhakar indr ko apani gaunata ka ahasas hua. tab bhagavan shrikrishn ne indr ki pooja ki anumati bhi de di.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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