राधाष्टमी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

radhashtami
radhashtami ke avasar par radha rani mndir, barasana
anuyayi hindoo
uddeshy is din radha ji ka vishesh poojan aur vrat kiya jata hai.
tithi bhadrapad shukl paksh ashtami
utsav radharani ki janmasthali raval men vaidik mntron ke madhy kee man doodh, dahi, boora, shahad evn ghi se shyamashyam ka abhishek kiya jata hai aur bad men bhakton men prasad vitarit kiya jata hai.
snbndhit lekh krishn janmashtami
any janakari banke bihari mndir men dinabhar rasalila hoti hai. radha-vallabh mndir se yugalasvaroop ki shobhayatra nikalati hai jis par jagah-jagah pushp varsha aur arati karake svagat kiya jata hai.

radhashtami bhadrapad mas men shukl paksh ki ashtami ko manaya jata hai. is din krishn priya radha ji ka janm hua tha. radhashtami ke avasar par uttar pradesh ke barasana men hazaron shraddhalu ekatr hote hain. barasana ko radha ji ki janmasthali mana jata hai. barasana mathura se 50 ki.mi. door uttar-pashchim men aur govardhan se 21 ki.mi. door uttar men sthit hai. yah bhagavan shrikrishn ki premika radha ji ki janm sthali hai. yah parvat ke dhalaoo hisse men basa hua hai. is parvat ko brahma parvat ke nam se jana jata hai. barasana men radha-krishn bhakton ka salon bhar tanta laga rahata hai. shraddhalu is din barasana ki oonchi pahadi par sthit gahavar van ki parikrama karate hain tatha ladali ji radharani ke mndir men darshan kar khushi manate hain. din ke alava poori rat barasana men gahamagahami rahati hai. vibhinn prakar ke sanskritik ayojan kie jate hain. braj bhoomi par hi bhagavan krishn ka janm hua tha aur yahin par unhonne apana yauvan bitaya. dharmik giton aur kirtan ke sath utsav prarambh hota hai. vaishnav jan is din bahut hi shraddha aur ullas ke sath vrat utsav manate hain.

pramukh tathy

  • yah vrat bhadrapad ke shukl paksh ki ashtami ko kiya jata hai.
  • is din radha ji ka janm hua tha.
  • shri krishn janmashtami ke pandrah din bad ashtami ko hi radha ji ka janmadin manaya jata hain.
  • is din radha ji ka vishesh poojan aur vrat kiya jata hai.
  • sarvapratham radha ji ko pnchamrit se snan karaen, phir unaka shrringar karen. snanadi se sharir shuddh karake mandap ke bhitar mandal banakar usake bich men mitti ya tanbe ka shuddh bartan rakhakar us par do vastron se dhaki huee radha ji ki svarn ya kisi any dhatu ki bani huee sundar moorti sthapit karani chahie. isake bad madhyahn ke samay shraddha, bhaktipoorvak radha ji ki pooja karani chahie. bhog lagakar dhoop, dip, pushp adi se radha ji ki arati utarani chahie. yadi snbhav ho to us din upavas karana chahie. phir doosare din suvasini striyon ko bhojan karakar aur moorti ko dan karane ke bad svayn bhojan karana chahie. is prakar is vrat ki samapti karen.
  • is prakar vidhipoorvak v shraddha se yah vrat karane par manushy papon se mukt ho jata hai v is lok aur paralok ke sukh bhogata hai. manushy braj ka rahasy jan leta hai tatha radha parikaron {parivar ke sadasy ki tarah} men nivas karata hai.

braj men radhashtami

inhen bhi dekhen: krishn janmashtami, radha rani mndir barasana evn barasana braj mndal men janmashtami ki tarah radhashtami bhi ek bade tyohar ke roop men manaya jata hai. vrindavan men bhi yah utsav utsah ke sath manaya jata hai. bhagavan shrikrishn ko pane ke lie yugon se rishi-muni, snt-vidvanh bhagavati radha ka ashray lete rahe hain. sada se shriradha hi shrikrishn prem ki prerana srot rahi hain.

radhabhav

shrikrishn ki bhakti, prem aur ras ki triveni jab hriday men pravahit hoti hai, tab man tirth ban jata hai. 'satyam shivam sundaram' ka yah mahabhav hi 'radhabhav' kahalata hai. shrikrishn vaishnavon ke lie param aradhy hain. vaishnav shrikrishn ko hi apana sarvasv manate hain. annd hi unaka svaroop hai. bhagavan shrikrishn ki upasana matr vaishnavon ke lie hi nahin, varanh samast praniyon ke lie anndadayak hai. shrikrishn hi annd ka moortiman svaroop hain. krishn prem ki sarvochch avastha hi 'radhabhav' hai.

upanishad aur puranon se

radhashtami ka annd uthate hue shraddhalu
jis prakar shrikrishn annd ka vigrah hain, usi prakar radha prem ki moorti hain. at: jahan shrikrishn hain, vahin radha hain aur jahan radha hain, vahin shrikrishn hain. krishn ke bina radha ya radha ke bina krishn ki kalpana ke snbhav nahin hain. isi se radha 'mahashakti' kahalati hain. radhopanishad men radha ka parichay dete hue kaha gaya hai-
krishn inaki aradhana karate hain, isalie ye radha hain aur ye sada krishn ki aradhana karati hain, isilie radhika kahalati hain. braj ki gopiyan aur dvaraka ki raniyan inhin shri radha ki ansharoopa hain. ye radha aur ye annd sagar shrikrishn ek hote hue bhi krida ke lie do ho ge hain. radhika krishn ki pran hain. in radha rani ki avahelana karake jo krishn ki bhakti karana chahata hai, vah unhen kabhi pa nahin sakata.'
  • sknd puran ke anusar radha shrikrishn ki atma hain. isi karan bhaktajan sidhi-sadhi bhasha men unhen 'radharaman' kahakar pukarate hain.
  • padm puran men 'paramannd' ras ko hi radha-krishn ka yugal-svaroop mana gaya hai. inaki aradhana ke bina jiv paramannd ka anubhav nahin kar sakata.
  • bhavishy puran aur garg snhita ke anusar, dvapar yug men jab bhagavan shrikrishn prithvi par avatarit hue, tab bhadrapad mas ke shukl paksh ki ashtami ke din maharaj vrishabhanu ki patni kirti ke yahan bhagavati radha avatarit huee. tab se bhadrapad shukl ashtami 'radhashtami' ke nam se vikhyat ho gee.
  • narad puran ke anusar 'radhashtami' ka vrat karane vala bhakt braj ke durlabh rahasy ko jan leta hai.
  • padm puran men satyatapa muni subhadra gopi prasng men radha nam ka spasht ullekh hai. radha aur krishn ko 'yugal sarakar' ki sngya to kee jagah di gee hai.
  • shiv puran men shrikrishn sakha vipr sudama se bhinn sudama gop ko radhaji dvara shrap die jane ka ullekh hai.

nishkam prem aur samarpan

radha ka prem nishkam aur ni:svarth hai. vah shrikrishn ko samarpit hain, radha shrikrishn se koee kamana ki poorti nahin chahatin. vah sadaiv shrikrishn ke annd ke lie udyat rahati hain. isi prakar jab manushy sarvasv samarpan ki bhavana ke sath krishn prem men lin hota hai, tabhi vah radhabhav grahan kar pata hai. krishn prem ka shikhar radhabhav hai. tabhi to shrikrishn ko pane ke lie har koee radharanika ashray leta hai.

radhashtami ka annd uthate hue shraddhalu

mahabhavasvaroopatvnkrishnapriyavariyasi.
premabhaktipradedevi radhiketvannamamyahamh॥

hindi sahity men radha

hindi ke bhaktikalin kaviyon ne 'radha-krishn' par ek se badhakar ek utkrisht kavitaen likhi hain jo hindi sahity ki amooly dharohar hain. magar in kavitaon ko sarahane vale bhi ukt avadharana ke prabhav men akar radha ko kalpanik charitr hi man baithate hain. is avadharana ke virodh men pahala tark to yahi hai ki itane sare krishnabhakt kavi jinamen sooradas, mirabaee, biharilal tatha rasakhan pramukh hain, ne in par bahut sari kavitaen likhi hain.

shukadev muni dvara raja parikshit ko sunaee gee katha par adharit shrikrishn ke jivan charitr se snbndhit prachin pramanik grnth 'shrimadh‍bhagavat puran' men radha nam ka ullekh nahin hai. kinvadnti hai ki radha ji ne shrimadh‍bhagavat puran ke samakalin rachanakar maharshi vedavyas se anurodh kiya tha ki ve is grnth men unaka namollekh kahin n karen aur yah poornat: shrikrishn ko samarpit ho.

radha ji ki sakhiyan

dharmik kathaon men radha ji ke sath hi unaki ath sakhiyon ka bhi ullekh ata hai. inake nam hain-

  1. lalita
  2. vishakha
  3. chitra
  4. indulekha
  5. champakalata
  6. rngadevi
  7. tungavidya
  8. sudevi.

vrindavan men in sakhiyon ko samarpit prasiddh ashtasakhi mndir bhi hai.

bhagavat men radha

virahini radha
  • bhagavat men bhi radha ka pratyaksh ullekh nahin hai lekin paroksh roop se radha nam chhipa hua hai. bhagavat men kaha gaya hai - 'gopiyan apas men kahati hain- avashy hi sarvashaktiman bhagavan shrikrishn ki yah aradhika hogi isilie is par prasann hokar hamare pranapriy shyam ne hamen chhod diya hai aur ise ekant men le ge hain. yah gopi aur koee nahin balki radha hi thin. shlok ke 'aradhito' shabd men radha ka nam bhi chhipa hua hai.[1]
  • bhagavat men maharas ke prasng men is shlok men varnan hai-

'tatrarabhat govindo rasakridamanuvratai.
striratnairanvitah pritairanyonyabaddh bahubhiah..'[2]

  • radha ji ke pita vrishabhanu pramukh gop the. ve vrindavan ke nikat barasana ke rahane vale the. anek bhagavat ke bad ke grnthon men to radha nam ka ullekh hua hai. jis prakar vibhinn devi-devataon ke 'kavach' path hote hain usi prakar radha ji ka bhi kavach upalabdh hai. yah kavach prachin 'shri naradapncharatr' men hai, jo yah siddh karata hai ki radha nam bhaktikalin kaviyon se bahut pahale bhi tha.
  • shri naradapncharatr men shiv parvati snvad ke roop men prastut 'shri radha kavachamh' ke prarnbh men 'shri radhikayai nam:' likha hua hai. pahale shlok men devi parvati bhagavan shnkar se anurodh karati hain-

kailas vasinh bhagavanh bhaktanugrahakarak.
radhika kavachn punyn kathayasv mam prabho..[3]

'muni anusasan ganapatihi poojeu snbhu bhavani.
kou suni snsay karai jani sur anadi jiy jani..[4]

barasana men radhashtami

mathura, vrindavan, barasana, raval aur mant ke radha rani mndir men utsav hota hai. vrindavan ke 'radha ballabh mndir' men to ‘daooji’ ke hurnga sa drishy tha. radha janm ki khushi men gosvami samaj ke log jhoom uthate hain. mndir parisar ‘radha pyari ne janm liya hai, kunvar kishori ne janm liya hai’ ke samoohik svaron se goonj uthata hai, mndir men bani haudiyon se haldi mishrit dahi ko gosvamiyon par udela jata hai to ve nrity kar uthate hain aur ek doosare ko badhaee dete hain. bhog ke lie mndir ke pat band hote hi badhaee gayan ke bad darshan khulate hi dadhikana shuroo ho jata hai jisaka samapan arati ke bad hota hai. mndir ke anusar vaidik mntron ke madhy mndir men mukhy shri vigrah ka pratah sadhe panch baje se sat baje tak abhishek hota hai aur usake bad mngala arati hoti hai. samaj gayan ke bad gosvami radha janm ki khushi men ek doosare ko badhaee dete hain.

radha-krishn

vrindavan men radhashtami

radha damodar mndir, radha shyam sundar mndir, krishn-balaram mndir aur radha raman mndir men vaidik mntron ke madhy jab abhishek hota hai to vatavaran radhamay ho gaya.|

raval men radhashtami

radharani ki janmasthali raval men vaidik mntron ke madhy kee man doodh, dahi, boora, shahad evn ghi se shyamashyam ka abhishek kiya jata hai aur bad men bhakton men prasad vitarit kiya jata hai. radhashtami ke avasar par ladaliji mndir ke samane mela lagata hai. keshavadev mndir men thakur ji ka shrringar shriradha ke roop men kiya jata hai. radharashtami ke pavan parv par hazaron tirthayatri giri govardhan ki parikrama karate hain.

mant men radhashtami

radharani mant men bhi vishesh poojan archan ke bad bhakton men prasad vitarit kiya jata hai. banke bihari mndir men dinabhar rasalila hoti haih. radha-vallabh mndir se yugalasvaroop ki shobhayatra nikalati hai jis par jagah-jagah pushp varsha aur arati karake svagat kiya jata hai.

pooja

radhashtami ko radha-krishn ki snyukt roop se pooja karani chahiye. sarvapratham radhaji ko pnchamrit se snan karakar unaka shrringar karana chahiye. tatpashchath phal-phool chadhakar dhoop-dip ityadi se arati karane ke uparant bhog lagana chahiye. mndiron men 27 pedon ki pattiyon, 27 kuon ke jal, sava man doodh, dahi, ghrit evn boora aur aushadhiyon se mool shanti hoti hai aur usake bad men kee man pnchamrit se vaidik mntron ke sath 'shyamashyam' ka abhishek kiya jata hai. shraddhalu gahavar van ki parikrama bhi lagate hain.

radha ji ki arati

arati radha ji ki kijai,
krishn sng jo kare nivasa, krishn karen jin par vishvasa, arati vrishabhanu lali ki kijai.
krishn chandr ki kari sahaee, munh men ani roop dikhaee, usi shakti ki arati kijai.
nand putr se priti badhaee, jamuna tat par ras rachaee, arati ras rachaee ki kijai.
prem rah jisane batalaee, nirgun bhakti nahin apanaee, arati radha ji ki kijai.
duniya ki jo raksha karati, bhaktajanon ke du:kh sab harati, arati du:kh harani ki kijai.
krishn chandr ne prem badhaya, vipin bich men ras rachaya, arati krishn priya ki kijai.
duniya ki jo janani kahave, nij putron ki dhir bndhave, arati jagath mat ki kijai.
nij putron ke kaj snvare, arati gayak ke kasht nivare, arati vishvamat ki kijai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. anaya aradhito noonn bhagavanh haririshvarah.
    yanno vihay govindah pritoyamanayadrahah..'
  2. bhagavan shrikrishn ki preyasi aur sevika gopiyan ek doosare ki banh men banh dale khadi thin. un stri ratnon ke sath yamuna ji ke pulin par bhagavan ne apani rasamarya rasakrida prarnbh ki. spasht hai ki samany gopiyon se prithakh ek gopi bhagavan ki preyasi thi. vah radhaji ke alava aur kaun ho sakati hai.
  3. he kailashavasi, bhakton par anugrah karane vale he prabho, shri radhikaji ka pavitr kavach mujhe sunaie. radhaji ko vrindavan ki adhishvari mana jata hai.
  4. muniyon ki agya se shivaji aur parvatiji ne ganeshaji ka poojan kiya. devataon ko anadi samajhate hue koee yah shnka n kare ki ganeshaji to shiv-parvati putr hain, isalie unake vivah se pahale hi ganeshaji ka astitv kaise ho sakata hai.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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