ऋषि पञ्चमी

भारत डिस्कवरी प्रस्तुति
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rrishi panchami
anuyayi hiandoo
uddeshy masik dharm ke samay lage pap se chhutakara pane ke lie yah vrat striyoan dvara kiya jana chahie.
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi bhadrapad shukl paksh panchami
anushthan vyakti ko nadi adi mean snan karane tatha ahlik krity karane ke uparant agnihotrashala mean jana chahie, satoan rrishiyoan ki pratimaoan ko panchamrit mean nahalana chahie, un par chandan lep, kapoor lagana chahie, pushpoan, sugandhit padarthoan, dhoop, dip, shvet vastroan, yajnopavitoan, adhik matra mean naivedy se pooja karani chahie aur mantroan ke sath ardhy chadhana chahie.
saptarshi marichi, vasishth, aangira, atri, pulasty, pulah, kratu

rrishi panchami (aangrezi: Rishi Panchami) ka vrat bhadrapad ke shukl paksh ki panchami ko sampadit hota hai. prathamat: yah sabhi varnoan ke purushoan ke lie pratipadit tha, kintu ab yah adhikaansh mean nariyoan dvara kiya jata hai. hemadri[1] ne brahmand puran ko uddhrit kar vishad vivaran upasthit kiya hai. vyakti ko nadi adi mean snan karane tatha ahlik krity karane ke uparant agnihotrashala mean jana chahie, satoan rrishiyoan ki pratimaoan ko panchamrit mean nahalana chahie, un par chandan ka lep, kapoor lagana chahie, pushpoan, sugandhit padarthoan, dhoop, dip, shvet vastroan, yajnopavitoan, adhik matra mean naivedy se pooja karani chahie aur mantroan ke sath ardhy chadhana chahie.

ardhyamantr

kashyapotrirbharadvajo vishvamitroy gautam:.
jamadagnirvasishthashch saptaite rrishay: smrita:॥
grihnantvardhy maya dattan tushta bhavat me sada॥[2]

varahamihir ki brihatsanhita (13.5-6) mean saptarshiyoan ke nam aye haian (jo poorv se arambh kiye gaye haian) yatha marichi, vasishth, aangira, atri, pulasty, pulah, kratu; 13.6 mean aya hai ki sadhvi aroondhati vasishth ke pas haian. is vrat mean keval shakoan ka prayog hota hai aur brahmachary ka palan kiya jata hai. isake karane se sabhi papoan evan tinoan prakar ke du:khoan se chhutakara milata hai. [3] tatha saubhagy ki vriddhi hoti hai. jab nari ise sampadit karati hai to use anand, sharir-saundary , putroan evan pautroan ki prapti hoti hai.

pashchatkalin nibandh vratark, vrataraj[4] adi ne bhavishyottar se uddhrit kar bahut-si batean likhi haian, jahaan krishna dvara yudhishthir ko sunayi gayi ek katha bhi hai. jab indr ne tvashta ke putr vritr ka hanan kiya to unhean brahmahatya ka aparadh laga. us pap ko char sthanoan mean baanta gaya, yatha agni (dhoom se mishrit pratham jvala), nadiyoan (varshakal ke pankil jal), parvatoan (jahaan goand vale vriksh ugate haian) mean tatha striyoan (rajasvala) mean. at: masik dharm ke samay lage pap se chhutakara pane ke lie yah vrat striyoan dvara kiya jana chahie.

  • isaka sankalp yoan hai-

ahan jnanatoajnanato va rajasvalavasyayaan kritasanparkajanitadoshaparihararthamrishipanchamivratan karishye.

aisa sankalp karake aroondhati ke sath saptarshiyoan ki pooja karani chahie [5].

  • vrataraj[6] ke mat se is vrat mean keval shakoan ya nivaroan ya saanva (shyamak) ya kand-mooloan ya phaloan ka sevan karana chahie tatha hal se utpann kiya hua ann nahian khana chahie. ajakal jab purush bhi is vrat ko karate haian to vaidik mantroan ka path hota hai, yatha kashyap rrishi ke lie rrigved[7], atri ke lie rrigved[8], bharadvaj ke lie rrigved[9], vishvamitr ke lie rrigved[10], gautam ke lie rrigved[11], jamadagni ke lie rrigved[12] evan vasishth ke lie rrigved.[13]
  • aroondhati ke lie bhi mantr hai—

atreryathanasooya syadh vasishthasyapyaroondhati. kaushikasy yatha sati tatha tvamapi bhartari॥

yah aroondhati ke avahan ke lie hai. yah vrat sat varshoan ka hota hai. sat gh de hote haian aur sat brahman nimantrit rahate haian, jinhean ant mean rrishiyoan ki satoan pratimaean (sone ya chaandi ki) dan mean de di jati haian. yadi sabhi pratimaean ek hi kalash mean rakhi gayi hoan to vah kalash ek brahman ko tatha anyoan ko kalashoan ke sath vastr evan dakshina di jati hai.

yadi panchami tithi chaturthi evan shashti se sanyukt ho to rrishi panchami vrat chaturthi se sanyukt panchami ko kiya jata hai n ki shashthiyukt panchami ko. kintu is vishay mean matabhed hai.[14] sambhavat: arambh mean rrishipanchami vrat sabhi papoan ki mukti ke lie sabhi logoan ke lie vyavasthit tha, kintu age chalakar yah keval nariyoan se hi sambandhit rah gaya. kintu saurashtr mean isaka sampadan nahian hota.

rrishi panchami katha pratham

ek samay vidarbh desh mean uttak nam ka brahman apani pativrata patni ke sath nivas karata tha. usake parivar mean ek putr v ek putri thi. putr ka nam 'suvibhooshan' tha jo bahut buddhi vala tha. raja ne apani putri ka vivah achchhe brahman ke sath kar diya tha. bhagavan ki kripa se aisa vidhan bana ki putri vidhava ho gayi. apane dharm ke sath vah apane pita ke ghar hi rahane lagi. apani kanya ko du:khi dekhakar uttak apane putr ko ghar par chho dakar apani stri v putri ko lekar ganga kinare ashram banakar rahane lage. kanya apane mata-pita ki seva karane lagi. ek din kam karake thak kar kanya ek patthar ki shila par aram karane let gee. adhi rat mean usake sharir mean ki de utpann ho gaye. apani kanya ke sharir par ki de dekhakar brahmani bahut vilap karake roti rahi aur behosh ho gayi. hosh ane par kanya ko uthakar uttak rrishi ke pas le gee aur kahane lagi ki isaki halat aisi kyoan ho gee? brahmani ki bat sunakar uttak apane netroan ko band karake dhyan lagakar kahane lage ki hamari kanya poorv janm mean brahmani thi. isane ek bar rajasvala hone par ghar ke sab bartan adi chhoo liye the. bas isi pap ke karan isake sharir par ki de p d gaye haian. shastroan ke anusar rajasvala stri pahale din chandalani doosare din brahm hatyarani tisare din pavitr dhobin ke saman hoti hai aur chauthe din vah snan karane ke pashchath shuddh ho jati hai. shuddh hone ke bad bhi isane apani sakhiyoan ke sath rrishi panchami ka vrat dekhakar ruchi nahian li. vrat ke darshan matr se hi ise brahman kul prapt hua. lekin isake tiraskar karane se isake sharir mean ki de p d gaye. brahmani ne kaha aise ashchary vrat ko ap kripa karake mujhe avashy batayean. yah katha shri krishna ne yudhishthar ko sunaee thi. jo stri rajasvala hokar bhi ghar ke kamoan ko karati hai vah avashy hi narak mean jati hai. poorv janm mean vrijasur ka vadh karane ke karan indr ko brahm hatya ka mahanh pap laga tha. us samay brahma ji ne us par kripa karake us pap ko char sthanoan mean baant diya tha. pahala agni ki jvala mean, doosara nadiyoan ki barasati jal mean, tisara parvatoan mean, chautha stri ke raj mean vibhajit karake, us pap ko shuddhi ke lie hi har stri ko rrishi panchami ka vrat karana chahie.

rrishi panchami katha dvitiy

sat yug mean vidarbh nagari mean shyenajit namak raja huye the. vah rrishiyoan ke saman the. unhian ke raj mean krishak sumitr tha. usaki stri jayashri atyant pativrata thi. ek samay varsha rritu mean jab usaki stri kheti ke kamoan mean lagi huee thi to vah rajasvala ho gee. usako rajasvala hone ka pata lag gaya phir bhi vah ghar ke kamoan mean lagi rahi. kuchh samay bad vah donoan stri-purush apani-apani ayu bhog kar mrityu ko prapt hue. jayashri to kutiya banian aur sumitr ko rajasvala stri ke sampark mean ane ke karan bail ki yoni mili. kyoanki rritu dosh ke atirikt in donoan ka koee aparadh nahian tha. isi karan in donoan ko apane poorv janm ka samast vivaran yad raha. ve donoan kutiya aur bail ke roop mean usi nagar mean apane bete suchitr ke yahaan rahane lage.

dharmatma suchitr apane atithiyoan ka poorn satkar karata tha. apane pita ke shraddh ke din usane apane ghar brahmanoan ko jimane ke liye nana prakar ke bhojan banavaye. jab usaki stri kisi kam ke lie rasoee se bahar gee huee thi to ek sarp ne rasoee ki khir ke bartan mean vish vaman kar diya. kutiya ke roop mean suchitr ki maan kuchh door se sab dekh rahi thi. putr ki bahoo ke ane par usane putr ko brahmahatya ke pap se bachane ke lie us bartan mean muanh dal diya. suchitr ki patni chandravati se kutiya ka yah krity dekha n gaya aur usane choolhe mean se jalati lak di nikal kar kutiya ko mari. bechari kutiya mar khakar idhar-udhar bhagane lagi. chauke mean jo jhoothan adi bachi rahati thi, vah sab suchitr ki bahoo us kutiya ko dal deti thi, lekin krodh ke karan usane vah bhi bahar phikava di. sab khane ka saman phikava kar bartan saf kara ke dobara khana banakar brahmanoan ko khilaya.

ratri ke samay bhookh se vyakul hokar vah kutiya bail ke roop mean rah rahe apane poorv pati ke pas akar boli, he svami! aj to bhookh se mari ja rahi hooan. vaise to mera putr mujhe roz khane ko deta tha. lekin aj mujhe kuchh nahian mila. saanp ke vish vale khir ke bartan ko anek brahmahatya ke bhay se chhookar unake n khane yogy kar diya tha. isi karan usaki bahoo ne mujhe mara aur khane ko kuchh bhi nahian diya. tab vah bail bola, he bhadre! tere papoan ke karan to maian bhi is yoni mean a p da hooan aur aj bojha dhote-dhote meri kamar toot gee hai. aj maian bhi khet mean dinabhar hal mean juta raha. mere putr ne aj mujhe bhi bhojan nahian diya aur mujhe mara bhi bahut. mujhe is prakar kasht dekar usane is shraddh ko nishphal kar diya. apane mata-pita ki in batoan ko suchitr sun raha tha usane usi samay donoan ko bharapet bhojan karaya aur phir unake du:kh se dukhi hokar van ki or chala gaya.

van mean jakar rrishiyoan se poochha ki mere mata-pita kin karmoan ke karan in nichi yoniyoan ko prapt hue haian aur ab kis prakar se inako chhutakara mil sakata hai. tab sarvatama rrishi bole tum inaki mukti ke lie patni sahit rrishi panchami ka vrat dharan karo tatha usaka phal apane mata-pita ko do. bhadoan mahine ki shukl panchami ko mukh shuddh karake madhyanh mean nadi ke pavitr jal mean snan karana aur naye reshami kap de pahanakar aroodhanti sahit saptrrishiyoan ka poojan karana. itana sunakar suchitr apane ghar laut aya aur apani patni sahit vidhi vidhan se poojan vrat kiya. usake puny se mata-pita donoan pashu yoniyoan se chhoot gaye. isaliye jo stri shraddhapoorvak rrishi panchami ka vrat karati hai vah samast saansarik sukhoan ko bhog kar vaikunth jati hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. brahmandapuran vrat, bhag 1, pri. 568-572
  2. he0 (vrat, bhag 1, pri0 571); smriti kau0 (pri0 217); vrataraj (pri0 200).
  3. tin du:kh ye haian-
    1. adhyatmik,
    2. adhidaivik evan
    3. adhibhautik.
    'adhyatmikadi maitrey jnatva tapatrayan budh:. utpannajnanavairagy: prapnotyatyantikan layamh॥' (vishnu0 6.5.1). adhyatmik du:kh sharirik (rog adi) evan manasik (chinta, eershya adi) haian; adhibhautik du:kh pashuoan, manushyoan, pishachoan adi se utpann hote haian; adhidaivik du:khoan ki utpatti tusharapat, pavan, varsha adi se hoti hai.
  4. bhavishyottar pri0 200-206
  5. vratark
  6. bhavishyottar pri0 201
  7. rrigved 9.14.2
  8. rrigved 5.78.4
  9. rrigved 6.25.9
  10. rrigved 10.167.4
  11. rrigved 1.78.1
  12. rrigved 3.62.18
  13. rrigved 7.31.11
  14. kal nirnay (pri0 186), hemadri, madhav, nirnayasindhu adi.

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